In Russia, beets began to grow in the tenth century. Vegetable immediately loved by both ordinary people and nobles. Since then, many different varieties and types of root vegetables have appeared. Such a rich choice can satisfy even the most demanding gardener. In general, beet growing is pretty easy. Vegetable is valued for its unpretentiousness, and the ability to grow well in almost any type of soil. However, not everyone knows when to remove the beets from the garden. Below you will see the answer to this question.
Features of the root
Breeders managed to bring different varieties of beets that can grow even in the most adverse conditions. To cope with such a task can even the most inept gardeners. When choosing a variety must take into account climatic features. The following facts will help you decide:
- In the northern regions of the country, where summer is cool and very short, it is best to grow medium early and early varieties. Such a beet does not grow more than 100 days, so that by the time of the cold weather you will definitely have time to harvest;
- There are frost-resistant beet varieties that can be planted before winter and immediately after the snow has fallen. Harvesting beets of such varieties is carried out at the end of July. Unlike early beets, frost resistant is stored much better;
- if you need to keep the beets fresh throughout the winter, you need to buy late and mid-season varieties. In this case, it will be possible to harvest in September only. For the safety of the fruit is responsible for the concentration of sugar in beets. It is precisely by the beginning of September that this indicator will reach the norm.
When to remove beets from the garden
You can determine the maturity of the fruit by the following characteristics:
- The first step is to pay attention to the characteristics of the cultivated variety. The manufacturer indicates on the packaging how long the growing season of this beet lasts. Usually early ripe varieties ripen in 2-3 months. So by the end of July - the beginning of August it will be possible to collect young fruits. But the mid-season and late varieties ripen no earlier than 3.5 months.
- Please note that the dates on the packaging may not be accurate. Much depends on weather conditions or climatic features of the region. Sometimes it is even better to overdo the beets in the garden. For example, in dry and warm weather, various vitamins and sugars accumulate in fruits. If autumn is wet and cold, it is best to harvest immediately after ripening. A long stay of beets in such conditions will only spoil the quality of the fruit.
- Determine the maturity of the fruit can be by appearance. As soon as the root crop ripens, the upper part of the plant will begin to die. The leaves near the base of the fruit will begin to turn yellow and dry. It is also important to consider the shape and size of the fruit. If they meet the stated characteristics, then it is time to harvest.
- It is also worth starting harvesting the fruit immediately if frost comes soon. This usually happens only with late beet varieties. Even if the vegetables are not ripe, they are still removed from the garden. The fact is that even light frosts can harm the root, which then simply starts to deteriorate.
- If frost does not threaten, it is better not to rush to harvest. The last weeks of growth are very important for this vegetable.
How to collect beets
Growing beautiful and tasty beets is just the beginning. In order for the fruits to be stored for a long time and save all the useful properties, you need to know some details:
- Choosing the time of harvesting beets, consider the weather conditions. Do it better in warm, dry weather. Humidity promotes the spread of rot, so that even a small rain can damage the crop.
- It is safer to pull out the roots with your hands. Thus, you do not exactly damage or cut the fruit. If the soil is too dense, you will have to use additional tools, such as a shovel or forks. It is important not to damage the beets themselves. The slightest cuts will provoke the spread of all kinds of viruses and fungi.
- After digging, trim the tops of harvested root crops. To do this, use a special pruner or scissors. It is necessary to cut the leaves rather shortly, leaving no more than 1 cm. Due to this, in the winter time the beets will not germinate again. If the root is too long, it should also be trimmed slightly.
- After that, peeled fruit must be dried. You can just leave the beets on the site. When the upper part of the root is dry, it can be turned to the other side. If the weather conditions do not allow leaving the crop outside, then it would be better to decompose the fruits in a single layer in any dry room or under a canopy. This place or room should be well ventilated.
- Before you put the roots in the cellar, you need to carefully sort and sort the fruit.
Important! All damaged when digging and diseased roots should be removed.
How to store beets
Properly prepared crops can be stored for a long time in a suitable room. In addition, it is important that the conditions of detention are appropriate:
- for storage of fruits a dry basement or cellar is perfect. This place should be cool. The ideal temperature is 0 to 3 ° C. The main thing that the indicator did not fall below. The floor and walls in the room must be strong and reliable, so that neither moisture nor rodents get inside;
- A small amount of root vegetables can be stored in the refrigerator. Thus, a fresh vegetable will always be on hand;
- In large stores, root crops are placed in special wooden boxes, bags or baskets. Also, fruits can be poured with sawdust or sand. If there are no special containers, the vegetables are simply spread over the surface of the racks.
As you can see, it is very important to correctly determine when to harvest the root vegetables. It depends on how long the harvested beets will be stored in winter. It is difficult to predict exactly when it will be necessary to collect the fruits in 2017, but following the signs and rules described above, we will precisely remove the beets on time.