High-quality lighting in the hen house is an important element of a comfortable bird life. Light of sufficient intensity improves egg production in chickens and contributes to the development of layers. It is imperative to cover the coop in winter, when the sunny day does not last long.
Do I need artificial light in the hen house? - According to reviews of experienced breeders, lighting in the flock is necessary at least in winter. With an insufficient amount of light in the house, chickens develop more slowly and produce less eggs. In addition, young animals are often injured when moving around the room in the dark.
The advantages of the lit chicken coop
Novice bird breeders often neglect the installation of lamps in the building. Many people think that the lighting is needed only for the convenience of using the host flock. However, the high-quality light in the chicken coop has a beneficial effect on the bird itself. Illuminated building has the following advantages:
- egg production and egg size increases;
- chickens grow and develop much faster;
- birds are less injured because they move around the illuminated area;
- the period of egg production of birds increases;
- chickens absorb food better, getting more nutrients and vitamins;
- the number of surviving chicks increases.
Often breeders refuse electricity in a flock for fear of large electricity bills. However, with the right choice of equipment, spending will not be overhead.
Features of the electrification of the house
Before supplying communications in the flock, you must select the brightness. Very bright devices can lead to aggressive chickens, which causes fights. Birds with this behavior are under great stress, and sometimes they are simply injured. Dim light is also destructive, birds in such conditions are poorly oriented in space. Moreover, with insufficient light, the egg production of chickens falls. The best is considered a system with adjustable light intensity.
Attention! From time to time the devices are covered with dust, which leads to a decrease in the intensity of illumination. Therefore, from time to time they need to be cleaned.
The brightness of the lighting in the chicken coop should be 30 suites. If there is one or more roosters in the building, the lighting will raise up to 15 suites.
The light in the flock must be extinguished when all the chickens are already perched, because at night the birds move poorly and may simply not get into their house or perch. Many novice breeders do not know what kind of lighting for the chicken coop is optimal in the winter season. During this period, the light chickens need to turn on not only in the morning but also in the evening.
If the chickens start to fight after installing the lamps in the house, the lighting is diminished into several suites. In addition, you can not dramatically turn on the lighting, it can disorient the birds. It is best to ignite the instruments gradually, this will create the effect of the sunrise and make the cycle of chickens more natural. Also, the time and degree of illumination can be adjusted by a timer.
The optimal period of light ignition is 7-15 minutes. If it is impossible to install such a system, the light is switched on in the building gradually. First, the distant lamps are lit, gradually moving towards others. Under the same scenario, extinguish the lighting in the house.
Attention! You can not turn on the lighting for the whole day immediately after installing the lamps.
An abrupt change of environment will cause stress in chickens. Therefore, devices include gradually, adding one to two hours of work per day. According to this scheme, the operating time of electricity is adjusted to 10 hours in the summer and 11-14 in the winter. For convenience, the system can be supplemented with a timer.
The choice of lamps for the house
According to experienced breeders, lamps should be installed at every 5-6 meters of the chicken coop. Recommended power devices - 40-60 volts. This principle allows you to calculate the number of lamps needed to illuminate the beacon.
Both fluorescent and conventional incandescent bulbs are suitable for poultry equipment. The latter, among other things, are resistant to low temperatures. Fluorescent devices are undesirable in poultry houses, as they damage the eyesight of animals.
Another option for installation in the house is sodium plants, but they are expensive.
The most profitable and option for the house are LEDs. They have a long service life and a good degree of lighting. In addition, such systems are economical compared to traditional lighting fixtures. In specialized stores today you can find lamps, created specifically for lighting poultry houses.
Lighting color also plays a role:
- for aggressive animals it is better to use blue devices, they act soothingly;
- to speed up the development and growth of birds using green lamps;
- use orange lighting to improve productivity;
- It is not recommended to use red devices; their work reduces the number of eggs produced by chicken.
When designing electrical communications poultry house should take into account the high humidity inside the room. Therefore, the number of wiring, timers and other electrical devices should be minimal. A flap with a switch is placed outside the chicken coop or in a specially equipped vestibule.
When moving through the house, chickens can touch the illuminators, so the lamps are necessarily immersed in durable lampshades. Also, breeders often use lampshades, with their help, the light can be directed into the necessary parts of the chicken coop.
Why you need to light up the chicken coop in winter
It is best to set a timer for winter lighting. Because it is necessary to turn on and off the light 2 times a day. It is necessary to increase the period of light in the house since November. At this time, the birds cease to molt. In addition, it is by winter that the egg production of birds falls. If artificially prolonging the day in the house, the birds will produce more eggs. With good lighting, chickens develop much faster.
It is necessary to extend the daylight hours in the winter season from 12 to 14 hours. Turn on the lamps at dawn, and extinguish 3-4 hours after sunset. It is important to observe the regularity of the regime. This way of lighting creates the illusion of daylight and chickens feel comfortable.