Sterilization of cans is one of the most important stages in the process of preparing conservation. Methods of sterilization, there are many. Often for this purpose use ovens. This allows you to quickly and efficiently warm several cans at once. Experienced housewives know how much time sterilization of containers takes in water or over steam. How is such sterilization carried out and how long do you need to keep the jars in the oven? This will be discussed below.
How to properly sterilize empty jars
Sterilization is simply necessary so that banks can be stored for a long time. Without it, various bacteria will multiply in the blanks. The toxins they emit are very dangerous for human health and life. With the help of the oven you can conduct high-quality sterilization. In addition, containers will not need to be further dried, which often requires a lot of time.
The advantage of this method is that you do not need to warm up each jar separately. In the oven will fit several such containers at once. The capacity of the oven surpasses even the microwave, in which you can put no more than 5 cans. In the oven can be sterilized and empty containers, and filled with the workpiece. And it does not matter what you roll up. It can be a variety of vegetable salads, and pickled cucumbers and tomatoes.
Before you start sterilizing empty containers, you should make sure that the dishes are free from defects. Containers with cracks and chips can easily burst during heating. There should also be no stains on the banks.Important! All suitable containers are washed using dishwashing detergent, soda can also be used.
Then the containers are turned over and left to dry. Now you can proceed to the sterilization itself. All containers put in the oven bottom up. If the banks have not completely dried up, then they are put down by the bottom. For sterilization in the oven set the temperature within 150 degrees. Half-liter jars are kept in the oven for at least 15 minutes, but three-liter containers will have to be heated for about 30 minutes.
You can remove the cans from the oven only with the help of special gloves or a kitchen towel. To the bank suddenly broke it is necessary to gently put it on the surface of the neck down. To cool the banks slowly, you can cover them from above with a towel.Attention! Wet tacks and towels should not be used when removing containers from the oven. Due to the sharp temperature drop, the pot may burst in your hands.
Be sure to hold the jar with both hands, so that in the event that it does not fall and hurt you. Then the question may arise, what to do with the covers? It is undesirable to sterilize them in the oven. Lids, like jars, should be thoroughly rinsed, and then put them in a pot of water and boil for 15 minutes. To get the lid from the pan, it is better to first drain the water or use special tongs.
Sterilization of cans in an electric oven
Owners of electric ovens can also sterilize cans in this way. In this case, it does not matter what shape and size the oven itself. The whole process is as follows:
- Banks are thoroughly washed using soda, as in the above method. Then the containers are laid out on a towel so that they dry out.
- Do not forget that wet jars must put their neck up, and the rest turn upside down.
- You can also sterilize metal lids in an electric oven. They are simply laid out next to the jars in the oven.
- We set the temperature to around 150 ° C. Three-liter containers are heated for 20 minutes, and half-liter about 10 minutes.
As you can see, the use of an electric oven can significantly speed up the sterilization process. It is also necessary to take out banks carefully, using tacks and towels. Putting sterile jars is necessary only on a clean, washed surface, otherwise all works will be in vain and the bacteria will again fall into the container.
Attention! With a sharp rise in the temperature of the bank may burst, so it is better to immediately cover the container with a towel. So, the heat will be stored much longer.
How to sterilize jars with finished blanks
Using ovens for sterilization has many advantages. These seals are well stored and almost never explode. Due to the heat, the container is not only sterilized, but also dried. This saves time on additional drying of containers, as after processing over steam. In addition, in your kitchen will not be increased levels of moisture due to boiling away liquid. This process does not cause any inconvenience. You do not even have to catch hot jars from boiling water.
In addition to empty containers, in the oven can be sterilized and ready seam. Doing this is also quite simple. The process is as follows:
- The jar is filled with billet and put the container in the water. The cover at this stage is not required.
- We set the temperature to 150 degrees. When the oven warms up to this level, we mark ten minutes for half-liter jars, 15 minutes for one-liter containers and 20 minutes for 3 or 2-liter blanks.
- When the necessary time has elapsed, the banks in turn are taken out of the oven and rolled up with special lids.
- Next, the banks are turned upside down and left to cool. For the banks to cool slowly, cover the preservation with a blanket.
- After a day, when the banks are completely cooled, you can transfer containers to the cellar.
Even cooking does not stand still. Everything old is changing to a new and practical. How nice that with modern technology you no longer need to boil huge pots of water, and then, with the risk of burning your fingers, keep jars for blanks above them. Using the oven for these purposes is much more convenient and faster. No steam, stuffiness and burst cans, which often happens in the process of boiling. Enumerate all the advantages of this method can be very long. But it is better not to talk about it, but to take and try. So if you have not had time to try this wonderful way, then do not wait for the next summer, try it as soon as possible.