Each gardener dreams that on his site grow beautiful rose bushes. These flowers are quite fastidious, so they need special care. Still, even in the harsh conditions of Siberia, you can grow beautiful buds. The main thing is to properly prepare the flowers for the winter. In this article we will take a closer look at how to cover roses in Siberia so that they do not suffer from frost.
Roses and Siberian climate
In warmer regions, roses can and not cover. Snow is a natural shelter that will not allow plants to freeze. In this case, the bushes are simply cut and fed with autumn. In this form, roses can safely endure even the most severe cold.
In Siberia, where winters are much harsher, you will have to think about building an artificial shelter. In warm regions too warm shelter can cause the bushes to decay. But in Siberia, one cannot do without it.
Preparing roses for winter
Preparation of roses consists mainly of 2 stages:
- top dressing;
This should be done on time and correctly. With the beginning of August it is necessary to stop watering the bushes. Then in October, it will be necessary to water the roses abundantly so that the water penetrates deep into the soil and nourishes the roses throughout the winter. In order to strengthen the root system and the stems, it is necessary to feed the plants. To do this, use potash and phosphate fertilizers.Attention! It is very important not to overdo it with the amount of fertilizer. Otherwise, the bush may begin to grow actively, which is undesirable in the autumn.
Then pruning bushes. They remove all the leaves and dried branches. All damaged and broken shoots are also cut off. The method of pruning depends on the variety of roses. For example, standard roses do not cut very much. In the winter they are carefully laid on the ground and instilled. Therefore, it is necessary to cut only those branches that are badly bent. So, it will be more convenient to cover the bush.
In climbing roses you need to cut off all the old and dried branches. If I run for more than three years, then it can be safely cut off. Also remove too long branches, which in the future may simply break from the strong wind. It is mandatory to remove branches from the bushes that are affected by pests and diseases. Then they need to be burned so that the pathogens do not spread to other plants.
Tip! It is believed that faded flowers do not need to be removed from the bush.
Under natural conditions, the ripening of fruits gives the plant a signal that it is time to move into a resting phase. Thus, the plant will not begin to form young shoots.
Some gardeners believe that pruning only harms the plants, as pathogens can easily penetrate through the crop. But at the same time pruning helps the plant to withstand severe frosts, and the branches in this case do not suffer.
Shelter bushes for the winter of pine needles
In Siberia, to care for roses is much more difficult. In order for plants to easily survive the winter, they need to be prepared in advance for this. It must be remembered that only well-groomed and strong bushes are more resistant. To do this, they need to be regularly fed and trimmed throughout the season.
Excellent shelter for bushes can be built from the usual spruce branches. But it is important to remember that this material is suitable only for those roses whose height after pruning is no more than 50 centimeters. It is necessary to build such a shelter closer to the onset of frost, since in warm weather the plants can simply sweep under a thick layer of branches.
First you need to loosen the soil around the bush. This should be done very carefully so as not to hurt the root system. The main thing is that the thickness of the loose soil was about 5 centimeters. After that, the bush is treated with a solution of copper sulphate. Bordeaux fluid can also be used. Then the topsoil is carefully sprinkled with wood ash. This will protect the plant from pests and various fungal diseases.
When the temperature at night falls to -5 ° C, the bushes can be spud peat. Young seedlings spud up to the middle of their growth, and higher plants up to 1/3 of the height of the entire bush. In this form, the roses are not afraid of even the most severe frosts.
Attention! Instead of peat, you can use ordinary land.
It is important that the soil or peat is dry. So, to the plant will freely penetrate the air.
After that, you can proceed to the construction of the shelter itself. To do this, lay out the top branches of pine or spruce. Do not fill the gaps with dry leaves, grass or sawdust. Such materials will quickly begin to grind when moisture gets into the building. Covering roses is possible only in dry sunny weather.
Polyethylene greenhouse construction
Many gardeners are accustomed to covering the bushes with polyethylene. This shelter perfectly protects plants from the cold. And when properly ventilated, the bushes will not exactly vyprevat. For the construction of such a shelter will need the following materials and accessories:
- metal rods or bows;
- polyethylene film.
In order to properly cover roses with polyethylene, you must follow these steps:
- The first thing, of course, is to prepare the roses. They are fed, cut and tied so that they are convenient to lay on the ground.
- Thus, it is possible to cover both one bush and whole rows. Metal roses are set above the roses. This can be done in advance, and then just throw a covering material on top. In addition, it is possible to dig out bends for water so that it does not flow inside.
- When the frost comes, you should cover the arc roofing material, and his, in turn, polyethylene. Such a cover will not allow moisture to accumulate, which can cause vyprevaniya. The edges of the roofing material can be slightly raised, so that fresh air flows to the flowers.
In addition to ruberoid, you can use plain cardboard or bituminous paper. It is installed on a metal arc, and then covered with polyethylene. Polyethylene in this case protects the structure from moisture.
Remove the shelter in the spring
As soon as it gets warmer in the street, the roses will need to be freed from the shelter. It is important not to make it too early, or, conversely, late. In the spring in the beds with roses do not accumulate excess moisture, you need to plant them in the raised areas. They usually warm up first.
It is necessary to open roses gradually, so that the bushes get accustomed to the sunlight and temperature drops. To do this, first raise the edges of the covering material. Then you need to fully open one side of the structure. After some time, the shelter is removed completely.Important! Shelter is removed in cloudy weather so that the plants do not get sunburn.
Spruce or pine branches are removed from the bushes immediately after the snow begins to melt. If you do not have time to do this, moisture can seep inside, and the plant will begin to sweep. At first it is necessary to shade the bushes until they get used to direct sunlight. For this will be enough from 5 to 10 days.
Immediately after adaptation, you can begin spring pruning of roses. All dried shoots over the winter must be removed. Next, you should feed the bushes so that they gain strength before the beginning of the vegetative period. Also, do not forget about watering and loosening the soil.
Now you know exactly how to hide roses for the winter in Siberia. As can be seen from this article, it is not necessary to use expensive materials for this. Even ordinary pine branches can save plants from frost. The main thing is that this shelter does not interfere with the colors to receive the required amount of fresh air and not cause the bushes to decay. Even in winter, it is important to constantly air the roses. You also need to comply with the correct timing. If you cover the roses sooner or too late, they are unlikely to be able to endure the harsh Siberian frosts.