Among the variety of cultivated flowering plants is difficult to find as unpretentious and decorative, as the laureate. Bright or soft pastel flowers can be used to compose any compositions in the garden.
The three-month laventera, or, as it is also called, the garden rose, is used to decorate any areas, including shaded ones. Small laureate bushes in a composition with tall plants, for example, with gladioli or park roses, look very impressive. Lavateru often used to create flower beds in country style.
The main advantages of laurels:
- High decorative;
- Abundant and long flowering;
- Weather resistance;
- Low soil requirements;
- Shade tolerance;
- Drought tolerance;
- Resistance to fungal diseases.
Lavatera blooms profusely from early summer until frost. The most decorative flowers are laureates in August, in hot weather their color becomes more intense.
Annual plant. The flowers are simple, large, funnel-shaped, have a contrast venation. May be white, pink, purple.
The leaves are laureate dark green, carved, pubescent, long preserve decorative.
Bush tall flowers reaches 1 meter, often needs support. Low-growing varieties have a height of not more than 50 cm, form a compact bush.
Flowers die at a temperature of -5 degrees.
Any land will be suitable for planting lavaters, except the place where water stagnates after heavy rainfall. The roots of the laver do not tolerate excess moisture. The soil for these flowers will also suit any, even with high acidity, but the flowers are best developed by laureates on light, fertilized soil.
If there is an opportunity, before planting flowers, the laureates dig up the soil, adding humus, sand, ash and a complex of nutrients. It is necessary to deposit 2–3 liters per square meter; sand and ashes are applied in equal shares, depending on the type of soil. Mineral fertilizers for flowers make appropriate instructions.Important! Seeds of laureates should be fresh, preferably last season.
They have good germination, but quickly lose their ability to germinate. From the three-year seeds to get friendly shoots is impossible.
Seeds of these flowers can be sown immediately in the ground or planted through seedlings. Grown through seedlings, flowers bloom much earlier.
Sowing seeds laureates begin when the temperature of the soil warms to 15 - 18 degrees. As a rule, in most Russian regions this is the middle or the end of April. In the prepared soil, the wells are made up to a depth of 4 cm. The distance between the holes must be at least 25 cm, in the thickened plantings the laureate blooms poorly. One-two seeds of a garden rose are sown in each well; after germination, one strongest flower is left.
After 2 weeks, the first shoots of garden rose flowers appear. They are very sensitive to low temperatures, so it is advisable to cover the shoots of flowers at night to avoid freezing. The seedlings of these flowers do not require special care; they need only timely watering and, if necessary, weeding.Important! Some seeds of garden roses germinate for a very long time, after germination their development lags noticeably behind other seedlings. It is better to throw out such shoots, they will not be able to give copious blooms.
Grow laureate through seedlings begin in mid-March. Each seed is desirable to put in a separate cup. Then, when transplanting, the root system is less injured.
In a glass with the prepared soil mixture is placed 1 - 2 seeds of a garden rose, the soil is moistened with a spray bottle. Planting depth - up to 3 cm. Cups with flower seeds should be covered with a transparent material before germination. After the first shoots of the garden rose, the shelter is removed.
For full-fledged development, the shoots need a lot of light, the air temperature should be around 20 degrees.
Monthly seedlings of flowers can be planted in open ground, when the threat of frost has passed.
Caring for an adult laureate consists of watering if necessary, weeding and fertilizing.
Water the laureate should be carefully, even in the heat it is enough watering once a week. Topsoil must dry out between waterings.
Weave the launcher if necessary. To avoid this unpleasant procedure, the soil between the bushes can be covered with a layer of mulching material. You need a coating that passes air. The following materials are recommended:
- Black agrofibre;
- Chopped hay;
- Mowed grass.
It is undesirable to use black film for mulching a garden rose, the soil under it dries out badly, and the roots of the laver can rot.
Fertilization for the cultivation of garden roses is necessary only for very depleted soils, as a rule, when planting flowers with planting nutrients, it is enough for the whole season. If during planting garden roses fertilizers were not made, you can add complex water-soluble fertilizers when watering.Tip! Florists in reviews recommend adding long-potted potassium and phosphate fertilizers when planting. They stimulate abundant flowering and color intensity of garden roses.
An adult woman is rarely affected by fungal or bacterial diseases. But occasionally planting garden roses can become infected with rust. To cure flowers, it is necessary to remove the affected leaves and process the flowers with fungicides.
There are many varieties of garden roses. Below is a description and photo of the most popular varieties of garden roses.
Sort of pink beauty laureates
The variety is tall, can grow up to 90 cm, richly covered with bright pink buds with contrasting dark veins. Used for group plantings, as a tapeworm, requires a garter.
Variety laureates "Mont Blanc"
Shrub medium, up to 75 cm, abundantly leafy. Flowers are numerous, large, white, without streaks. Can be used in group plantings, to create a hedge. Does not require a garter.
The shrub is medium, grows up to 75 cm, is full of flowers of medium size. On one bush can bloom pink buds of various shades - from bright pink to almost white, with dark veins. Looks impressive in the foreground of a flower arrangement. Does not need supports.
Sort of laureates "Tanagra"
A low bush, up to 50 cm. Flowers are large, numerous, bright pink. Can be used to create borders, edging tall tapeworms.
Planting a laureate and caring for her will not take much time and effort, if you carefully select the plants for the flower arrangement, you can decorate your site on your own no worse than professional designers would have done.