This hybrid grape variety has many names. Originally from Bulgaria, we have it known as Phenomenon or Augustine. You can meet the license number - V 25/20. His parents are varieties of Villar-Blanc and Pleven, which is why Pleven is sometimes called steady. From Pleven, he took resistance to diseases, and Villars Blanc presented resistance to adverse conditions.
Attention! Despite its southern origin, Augustin grapes are quite suitable for cultivation in the midland and even Siberia.
To find out what he is good, we will study the description of the grape variety Augustine in more detail.
- This is the dining form of grapes;
- has a large bunch weighing up to 800 g, and with good care and much more;
- bunch loose, moderately dense, sometimes with a wing. This structure of clusters contributes to their ventilation, and, therefore, reduces the likelihood of disease. Clusters are not susceptible to polka, berries are the same size;
- the average weight of a berry is up to 8 g; in the middle lane and Siberia such berries can be called large ones. There are up to 6 stones in them, the skin is not hard, it is easily eaten;
- berry of elongated oval shape and beautiful amber-yellow color, has a pleasant aroma, accumulates a lot of sugar in any weather - up to 20%, the berries are well transported, without losing their commercial qualities;
- the taste of the berries is simple, but harmonious without nutmeg;
- The red-brown vine has a great growth power, so it can be used in a gazebo culture. A beautiful leaf is almost not dissected, its shape is close to round;
- Augustine is prone to crop overload, so the number of brushes should be normalized, leaving no more than one to escape;
- can withstand temperatures up to -24 degrees, but not for a long time, so it is better not to leave it behind for the winter;
- Augustine grapes ripen in early terms, from flowering to ripening should take from 115 to 120 days, therefore, with the early onset of heat in the spring it can be collected in August;
- brushes can wait for the collection after ripening up to 2 weeks without losing their consumer qualities.
Winegrowers often call the Augustine grape variety a workhorse. And for good reason. Unpretentiousness, resistance to major diseases of the grapes and simply amazing yield (in terms of private farms - up to 60 kg from a bush) make this variety a welcome guest at any vineyard. And if you add to this the pleasant taste of sweet berries, good vine ripening, excellent survival of seedlings and excellent rooting of cuttings, it is clear that he will have few competitors.
The characteristics and description of the Augustine grape variety would be incomplete if not to mention its shortcomings:
- with prolonged high humidity berries can crack;
- bones in the berries are quite large;
- since the variety is table, it is not very suitable for making fruit and berry wine;
- more than 15 days to keep clusters on the bushes is not recommended, otherwise the berries will begin to crumble.
These shortcomings do not interfere with the growers to successfully grow the Augustine grape variety in vineyards located in far from southern conditions, their reviews about this variety are very good.
To have a complete picture of Augustine, look at his photo.
In order for the Phenomenon to show everything that it is capable of, it is necessary to plant it correctly, cut it in time and pinch it, fertilize it, in short, follow all the necessary rules of agricultural engineering. Consider everything in order.
Any way is suitable for him. If you want to get a harvest faster - buy a ready-made two-year-old grape sapling Augustine.A warning! Buy seedlings should be in proven nurseries.
Cuttings from annual shoots can be rooted or grafted onto the selected stock. This method is cheap enough and with experience uncomplicated.
When mass grafting and rooting cuttings, it is better to use a special cutting arm with heating in the lower part.
You can sow the seeds of grapes after two months of stratification. The best time for sowing in the middle lane is the first decade of June.Attention! Grapes multiplied in this way, begins to bear fruit for 4-5 years.
Seedlings obtained from pits are better adapted to environmental conditions, but more often than not, they do not repeat parental qualities.
If you already have one bush of the Phenomenon, and you want to multiply it - this is easy to do by prikopav spring side escape. By the next spring, it will be ready for independent vegetation.
Grapes Augustine loves quite fertile and moist soil. The site should be illuminated by the sun throughout the day, even a small shading will affect both yields and ripening.Tip! In the middle lane and Siberia, spring planting of grapes is preferable so that the seedlings have time to grow stronger over the summer.
Grapes are nourished by means of heel roots, dewy surface roots are also important, but they can easily die in severe winters, so the grave pits must be at least 80 cm deep. Caring for fertilizers is not worth much. Two buckets of fertile soil mixed with 300 grams of superphosphate and the same amount of potassium salt suffice.
A warning! Do not forget to pour a layer of drainage to the bottom of the pit, for example, crushed stone 10 cm thick.
If a sapling is planted, it is impossible to bury the root neck, it is better to plant the rooted cutting to make it deeper so that the heel roots are inaccessible to frost.
When planting, dig a section of asbestos pipe of small diameter next to the bush - it is convenient to feed the grapes through it, provided that it is priked enough deep enough.
Planted plants need to be watered and do it every week until it takes root, especially in dry weather.
In the first year of Augustine grapes enough food, which he received during planting. Only in the fall, the bush should be sprinkled with a layer of humus 20 cm thick at the base. The purpose of this procedure is twofold: it is a good insulation for the roots in winter and a top dressing that begins to work in early spring.
Subsequently, Augustine grapes are fed three times per season: in the spring with the prevalence of nitrogen, a couple of weeks before flowering with the predominance of superphosphate and with the onset of ripening berries - only potash and phosphorus fertilizer. Application rates are always indicated on the package with fertilizers. Grapes Augustine gratefully responds to foliar fertilizer complex fertilizers with trace elements.
Augustine grapes are quite drought tolerant, but still need watering, especially if it has not been raining for a long time. Irrigation rates depend on the age of the bush and the type of soil. The greatest need for moisture in grapes during the period of spring growth and flowering.
Forming a bush
Without this procedure, you can get a huge amount of shoots and a meager harvest. To avoid this, you need to follow the rules of formirovka at all stages of the growing season of grapes.
In the first year after planting, the bushes do not form so that they grow enough shoots to winter.
In the future, the bush is formed according to the chosen scheme, taking into account that Augustine's vine should be cut in the fall, keeping from 6 to 12 holes. Their number depends on the chosen shaping scheme.
A warning! Experienced winegrowers do not advise cutting the vine in spring without extreme need, the vine can simply run out of juice and die.
In the summer, the formation comes down to pinching the stepsons. Since the Phenomenon grapes are rich in harvest, 5-6 leaves should be left above each brush. Second order steps are better to remove in order not to thicken the bush. At the end of the summer, chasing of shoots is performed, i.e., pinching their tops for better maturation of the vine.
By pruning the grapes should be approached creatively, given the characteristics of each bush.
Shelter grape bushes for the winter
Where winters are frosty without this technique is indispensable. There are many ways of shelter, each grower chooses for himself the most convenient and efficient. It is important that under the shelter it was not only warm, but also dry, then the grapes will not shrivel.
Augustine grapes are an excellent choice for those who are just beginning to engage in such an exciting activity as viticulture, because experienced winegrowers already have at least one bush of this beautiful variety.
ReviewsVictor, 32, Mr. Rudnya I have long wanted to engage in viticulture, read literature, but was afraid that in our climate there would be no success in this matter. At the forum, winegrowers advised to start with Augustine. I planted it and did not lose it - a year later I tried the first berries. This year I will plant other varieties.
Mikhail, 40 years old, Nevel. The climate here is rather severe, the winter can be a little snowy, and sometimes it can be severely cold without snow. I selected varieties resistant to frost for my vineyard, but only the berries were too small. I planted Augustine, and at least had to cover him, but the berries were large and sweet. Very satisfied.