Large bright flowers on high stems, decorating fences and flower beds of summer residents, are familiar to all from childhood. Mallow attracts attention with its decorative and grace. It exists in several forms, by crossing which a magnificent Mallow Terry was obtained.
Terry flowers of a mallow belong to the hybrid look received as a result of long-term work of breeders. They resemble peonies in their appearance and form many beautiful shades - from pink to purple.
Mallow has other names - mallow, stockrose, Althea. In nature, there are more than 3 dozen flower varieties, including annual and perennial, wild and cultural species. Most of them are represented by herbaceous plants growing up to 2 m. They are indispensable in landscape design and look great in both single and group plantings, can be an excellent colorful background for smaller plants in flower beds. Due to the long flowering period, the terry mallow remains an ornament of the site until mid-September.
It is better to take root flowers mallow terry, planted immediately to a permanent place where they will grow in the future. Therefore, it is important to immediately select a suitable site. Perennial Malva loves open areas, sufficiently lit by the sun. In shady places, its stems stretch toward the light and become thin and weak. The lack of light reduces its flowering. Gentle petals and tall stalks of a terry mallow are easily damaged by the wind, therefore the area should be protected from drafts. Flowers grow well on light fertile soils with good drainage - loam is an ideal option. At the same time, a perennial mallow feels fine on poor soils if it is regularly fed.
When preparing the site for planting mallow terry, the following measures are necessary:
- deep digging of the soil;
- on problem soils, compost addition is required, it can be replaced with rotted manure;
- The drainage properties of the soil can be enhanced by adding coarse sand.
Terms of planting mallow terry are determined by the method of its cultivation - from seed or seedling method.
Sowing perennial mallow seeds in open ground in May or June, we can expect them to bloom only next year. For sowing, you can collect your own plant seeds from the already withered bushes in July and August, in order to plant them next season.
The best germination is demonstrated by perennial mallow seeds collected two years ago. In the first year, sprouted plants form rosettes of large, slightly pubescent leaves and powerful branched roots develop. But you can get flowers earlier if you plant seeds in a greenhouse. For sowing seeds do not require preparation of holes - they can simply be placed on a bed and sprinkle with earth. If you take care of regular watering, the first sprout of mallow terry perennial will sprout in 2-3 weeks.
Experienced gardeners prefer autumn sowing of mallow seeds. They are planted in the wells to a depth of 3 cm with an interval of 40-50 cm. The wells are covered with loose fertile soil or peat. In winter, crops should be covered with fallen leaves or straw. Before sowing, seeds are checked for germination.
With the seedling method, terry mallow seeds are sown with the beginning of spring - around March-April; by mid-summer, the grown seedlings are transferred to open ground. In order to accelerate the emergence of shoots, you should first soak the seeds in warm water for several hours, and after sowing - cover with glass or transparent film.
Since the mallow terry does not tolerate the transplant, it is better to plant the seeds in peat cups right away. They can then simply be transferred to open ground. Not always the seedling method provides flowering in the same year, but the earlier the plants are planted, the faster it comes.Important! Additional growth contributes to the active growth of seedlings.
The first sprouts of a perennial mallow should appear in 10-15 days. During this period, you should ensure:
- constant temperature of about 20 degrees;
- regular watering, which will accelerate the development of seedlings;
- remove weak instances;
- hardening - it will help the plants to adapt further in the open ground in the future.
Some gardeners are engaged in picking up seedlings when 3 true leaves appear in it, although this procedure is quite labor intensive and retards the growth of young Mallow marsh bushes. When picking, you should carry the plant along with a lump of earth to keep its roots intact. A preferred option is when several seeds are planted in a peat pot, and then the healthiest and strongest plants are left.Important! Two weeks before transplanting into the ground, they must begin to harden, bringing to fresh air and gradually adding the exposure time.
September will be the most comfortable time for plant transplantation - young maple bushes with a terry perennial will have time to strengthen their root system by the beginning of frosts, and for the winter they can be covered with a layer of peat or fallen leaves. By spring, the plants will gain enough strength for further development and flowering.
Reproduction by cuttings
Terry varieties of mallow multiply with the help of cuttings planted in greenhouses or at home in boxes. However, this method can only be experienced gardeners, as it is characterized by a low degree of survival of cuttings. The advantage of reproduction using cuttings is the possibility of obtaining plants of the same variety, with the same properties. Cuttings of terry mallow, as seen in the photo, can be planted in spring or summer:
- for summer planting, cuttings are applied, cut from the stem;
- for spring - they are cut off already in adult plants in the root area.
Reproduction of terry mallow cuttings should be done very carefully, observing the correct technology:
- for cutting cuttings use a well-ground garden knife;
- the cut is treated with charcoal powder;
- leave them for 5-6 hours to dry the cuts;
- finished cuttings of perennial mallow are placed in a nutrient substrate or peat pots;
- with the help of irrigation provide constant soil moisture;
- evidence of rooting cuttings will be the appearance of fresh leaves;
- when the plants grow, they are transplanted to a permanent place.
Malva Terry perennial considered unpretentious plant. Caring for her is in the timely conduct of conventional agrotechnical measures.
In the mallow perennial, a long and branched root system extending deep into the ground. Therefore, there is no need for frequent watering - in sunny weather, one or two times a week is enough, and during dry seasons plants can be watered up to three times. Perennial mallow spends the largest amount of moisture during the mass flowering period, but even then the water in the soil cannot be allowed to stand, otherwise the plant may die.
Malva long-term terry very well responds to regular top dressing in small doses. Phosphate and potassium salts must be applied to the soil every 2.5-3 weeks, and organic - once a year. Especially a lot of nutrients are consumed by plants during budding, therefore it is necessary to feed them with complex fertilizer. Throughout the growing season, flowers should be mulched with compost.
Other care measures
The root system of the mallow terry, which goes deep into the soil, requires the creation of favorable conditions for the access of oxygen. It is necessary to periodically loosen the soil under the flowers. However, this procedure requires caution, since even minor damage to the roots is fraught with the death of the whole flower. Simultaneously with loosening, the soil should be cleared from weeds, otherwise they can stifle the growth of young plants.
Terry Mallow - an ornamental plant that is used to create a variety of compositions, so it is so important to form a plant using pruning. It should be carried out before or after a period of flowering. During pruning, all dried or damaged shoots must also be removed.
Perennial mallow belongs to tall plants. If the area with terry flowers is not protected from gusty winds, they require a garter to stable supports.
In the middle and more northern latitudes, mallow flowers require shelter for the winter. It can be organized with the help of a thick layer of fallen leaves or straw, under which Mallow Terry is good for wintering. Fir tree fir branches will also be a good shelter.
From the diseases that most often affect mallow perennial, powdery mildew and leaf mosaic can be identified. It happens that its leaves are covered and brown rust stains. When the first signs of the disease appear, all the diseased parts of the plants need to be removed and burned, and the bushes must be treated with Bordeaux mixture and appropriate preparations. For the prevention of disease should not be for 3-4 years to plant a long-standing mallow on those areas where previously grown crops exposed to the same pathologies.
The effect of over-wetting the soil under the plants can be the appearance of slugs. Among other pests, mallow are more likely to infect a spider mite or aphid. Insecticidal or folk remedies save them. For example, a dry mustard solution effectively fights against aphids.
Simple rules of care, a variety of varieties and extraordinary charm of flowers make the mallow terry irreplaceable in garden compositions and popular with summer residents.