Carnation Lilipot is a hybrid resistant to cold snaps. The plant is grown in the open air or at home. The group includes a carnation with flowers of various colors: from white, pale pink to rich red tones. Compact bushes require minimal maintenance.
Carnation Lilipot is a perennial plant bred by the Japanese company Sakata. Since 1913, the company is engaged in selection and creates new varieties of vegetables and flowers.
Lilipot series includes several varieties of dwarf carnation, having a compact size. The height of the bushes is 25 cm, the plants branch well. The short stature of a carnation is laid genetically, the plant does not need pinching and formation of a bush.
There are several varieties of cloves Lilipot, which differ in color of inflorescences. Seeds of both individual varieties and mixtures are commercially available.
The main varieties of cloves Lilipot:
- light purple;
Carnation produces large double flowers with a diameter of up to 6 cm. Flowering lasts continuously throughout the summer. With the elimination of fading inflorescences, the formation of new buds is stimulated.
The vegetation period of the plant is from 16 to 20 weeks. The flower is grown as an annual or biennial plant. Inflorescences are formed after 5-6 months after seed germination.
Carnation Lilipot is grown in country houses, at home the flower grows in a pot on the balcony or windowsill. In landscape design, the flower is used to design borders and modular flower beds. Flowers are suitable for planting along the paths, alleys, fences, walls of buildings.
Growing from seed
Carnation Lillipot series can be grown year-round. Flowers will decorate a balcony, garden or summer cottage. Culture is in demand in the flower market. First, at home get seedlings, which are transplanted in pots or in an open area.
Seed plantations are performed from January to April to ensure flowering of the bush in the summer. For the distillation of plants to the beginning of spring seeds are planted in July and August.
During propagation by seeds, the carnation of Lilipot is planted in the soil of weak acidity. The soil is chosen light, peat, weak acidity. It is recommended to take the land from the garden plot or purchase ready-made floral soil.Tip! Before planting the seeds, the soil is heated in a water bath for disinfection.
The soil is filled with boxes intended for growing seedlings. Soil tamped and moistened with warm water from a spray bottle. It is convenient to plant the seeds in the cassette size 2x2 cm. Then the seedlings do not require picking.
Seeds of cloves stored in the refrigerator. A day before disembarking, they are transferred to a warm place. Planting material is placed on the soil surface with a step of 2 cm. When using cassettes, one seed is placed in each cell.
Carnation Lilipot germinates in good light. Therefore, the seeds are pressed into the soil or poured on top of a thin layer of earth.
Landings covered with plastic wrap. Periodically turn it over to remove condensate. Seed germination occurs at a temperature of +18 to +20 ° C. The first shoots will appear in a week.
After germination, the film is removed, and penumbra is provided for young plants. So that the seedlings do not stretch, the temperature is lowered to +15 ° С.
When propagated by the seeds of the carnation, Lilipot provides a certain care:
- regular airing;
- watering with warm water;
- feeding with the appearance of 2 leaves of a solution of calcium nitrate in the amount of 1 g per 1 liter of water;
- continuous illumination for 14-18 hours.
To get a branchy and compact bush, the seedlings are pinned over the second pair of leaves. The tip can be rooted for another plant.
After 6-7 weeks, the plants are transplanted in a tank with a height of 9-10 cm. The substrate is obtained from peat, light earth, humus and river sand in a ratio of 3: 1: 1: 1. After 10 days, the plants are fed potassium nitrate. 15 g of fertilizer is taken for 10 liters of water.
Landing in the ground
In May and June, Lilipot carnation is transferred to an open area. The plant prefers lit places and a light fertile ground. Carnations are planted on stony and sandy soils. The flower is actively developing next to the stones that heat up in the sun.
In order for plants to adapt more quickly to natural conditions, they are quenched in fresh air 3 weeks before planting. In the room with the landings open the window or carry boxes on the balcony.
The procedure for transplanting cloves Lilipot:
- Preparation of landing holes with a step of 10-15 cm.
- Abundant watering of plants.
- Carry cloves without destroying earthen clod and deepening.
- Covering roots with abundant irrigation.
The morning or evening period is chosen for transplantation; in the afternoon, work is carried out in cloudy weather. It is not recommended to deepen seedlings, otherwise the plant starts to hurt and may die.
Reproduction by cuttings
Cutting allows you to save varietal features of the plant. For reproduction cloves Lilipot cuttings taken in late May or early June. An adult carnation is propagated in the spring after lifting the cover or before transplanting into open ground.
On the plant choose a shoot length of 10 cm and 3 nodes, cut it, the lower pair of leaves are removed. An incision is made on the handle, after which it is placed on a moist substrate.Tip! It is best to germinate cuttings in a greenhouse or greenhouse. After 3 weeks, roots will form, and the clove can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Another method of breeding carnations Lilipot is to divide the bush. First, the plant is dug out with the root, after which it is divided into 2-3 parts with a sharp knife. On new bushes remove damaged roots, inflorescences and shoots. After planting in a permanent place flowers watered abundantly.
Clove Lilipot requires minimal maintenance, including watering and loosening the soil. To stimulate flowering, plantings are fed with mineral fertilizers. The flower has a compact size and does not need pruning during the growing season.
Watering and feeding
The carnation is moderately watered when the topsoil dries out, and the plants need more moisture during drought. For irrigation, take warm, separated water and bring it under the root. Watering is left in the morning or evening when there is no direct sunlight.
After adding moisture, the soil is loosened to provide oxygen access to the roots. After loosening, the mastery of moisture and beneficial substances is improved.
Regular feeding helps to stimulate the formation of new shoots. For processing take complex flower fertilizer and diluted with water. Cloves watered nutrient solution every 10 days.
Diseases and pests
With the observance of the farming of the carnation, Lilipot rarely suffers or is attacked by insects. With increased humidity is likely to spread fungal diseases.
For prophylaxis, plants are watered with Vitaplan, Previkur Energy or Trihotsin preparations solutions. After being dissolved in water, the plant is watered at the root with the resulting agent. Between treatments make an interval of 25-30 days.Tip! When growing in pots need to ensure that the plants do not touch each other.
Carnation attracts scoop, thrips, nematode, spider mites and other pests. For prophylactic purposes, plants and soil are sprayed with insecticides Eforie, Mospilan, Aktara. The work of drugs aimed at insect paralysis during their contact with active substances.
When grown as an annual in autumn, the carnation is dug along with the roots when the last inflorescences wither. It is recommended to burn the plant to prevent the spread of diseases and pests.
The flower tolerates a cold snap to -10 ° C. Under the snow cover, the plant withstands temperatures down to -27 ° C.
When grown in a warm climate, it is left without shelter. Before wintering at the carnation, Lilipot prunes dry shoots and inflorescences.Tip! In cold climates it is recommended to cover the bushes with dry leaves, spruce branches or agrofibre.
Shelter is constructed after the establishment of sub-zero temperatures. When the snow falls, you can throw it on the plants for additional protection from frost. In the spring after the snow melt and covering material is removed.
Another option wintering cloves Lilipot - digging a bush and planting it in a pot. The shoots are pruned, and the flower is kept at home. In winter, reduce the intensity of watering, feeding is not performed. In the spring the carnation is transferred to the open ground.
Carnation Lilipot is an unpretentious perennial that can decorate alpine hills, areas with stony and poor soil. The plant is compact, takes up little space and needs minimal care. Abundant flowering is provided with regular watering, dressing and good lighting.
The plant is grown from seeds. Rassad provide the necessary conditions, and then transferred to the beds or left in room conditions. In the presence of uterine bush, you can get cuttings from the side shoots.