Probably, there is no such grower who would not grow phlox. These flowers grow everywhere, they decorate not only flowerbeds and borders, phloxes can often be found in parks and gardens, but their true connoisseurs create whole floxaries. Virtually all varieties of this plant are perennials, only Drummond phlox blooms for only one year. The beauty of phlox lies in its most delicate form, it is impossible not to note the unpretentiousness of this flower, its long flowering. There are many types of phlox: from ground cover and forest to very refined and tall. Each grower will be able to choose his own variety of this flower if he knows about its features.
On varieties of perennial phlox with the names and photos will be discussed in this article. Here you can find information on each type of plant, find out how to grow them and how to provide care.
Phlox translates as "flame", so phlox is often called fire colors. Homeland of these plants is North America, but in Europe they have taken root for a long time - from the seventeenth century. To date, more than seventy species are known and about one and a half thousand varieties of perennial phloxes — a grower, indeed, there is plenty to choose from.
The fire flower is actively used by landscape designers, as it is suitable for decorating the garden and the local area in any style. True connoisseurs of ornamental plants love phloxes for their variety: inflorescences of absolutely any shades are found, varieties with different flowering periods and different bush heights.Attention! There are so many varieties of phlox that it is possible to create a flower garden from these plants alone: a well-designed flowerbed will bloom from early summer until late autumn. These flower beds are called floksariyami.
Perennial phloxes in Russia have taken root due to their unique winter hardiness - these are one of the few flowers that can withstand severe frosts without shelter.
Varieties of fire colors
Below are the most popular varieties of perennial phlox - in fact there are tens and hundreds. All species of these plants share common features:
- winter hardiness;
- easy breeding;
- lush inflorescences;
- delicate shades;
- light pleasant scent.
Taking into account the timing of flowering, the appearance of inflorescences and bushes, plant heights, phlox varieties can be classified.
There are four main types of fire colors:
- Awesome phlox.
- Paniculate phlox.
- One year old drummond.
The given photos of plants will help to orient in the choice of a grade and competently to make a composition. A brief description and characteristics of each type will be useful for inexperienced gardeners and those who have never grown perennial phlox in their garden.
Awesome perennial group
This group includes the most stunted varieties, often referred to as ground cover. These colors adorn alpine hills, use them in rockeries and other landscape compositions.
Characteristic features of a perennial styloid plant:
- height of shoots up to 20 cm;
- narrow needle-shaped leaves;
- leaf length reaches a maximum of two centimeters;
- bushes are green until the first frost;
- on meek stalks form from one to three inflorescences;
- bloom twice per season (from May to early July and from mid-August until the first cold weather).
The rug of subulate phlox can be painted in absolutely any shade, but the inflorescences of white, blue, purple and violet tones predominate.
Attention! An interesting fact is that, despite the diversity of species and varieties, there are no phloxes with yellow color of inflorescences.
Anyone who grows awl-shaped varieties must take into account their peculiarities:
- Choose a well-drained soil, ideally sandy.
- Plant plants in well-lit areas.
- Cut the tops of the bushes after the first wave of flowering.
- Rejuvenate the bushes every five years, dividing them.
- Feed plants twice a year: in spring and in the middle of summer.
- Propagate phlox side processes and division of the bush.
But all varieties of styloid phlox are well tolerated by the heat and frost, so the florist doesn’t cause too much trouble.
This perennial phlox is very fond of sunlight - this must be considered when choosing a place for flowers. The inflorescences of the groundcover are painted in a purple-violet range. The flowering variety Purple Queen comes at the end of May, June. Bushes are compact, only up to 17 cm in height.
Tip! If, after withering, pruning perennial styloid phloxes to a third of the height is cut, you can wait for the second wave of flowering - closer to autumn.
The flowers of this variety are forked, snow-white, therefore they are often compared to moths. Perennial phlox should be planted in the ground with good drainage, in which there is sand or small pebbles. Pettikote grows up to twenty centimeters. The inflorescences of this variety emit a very delicate sweet aroma. In the palette there is not only white color of flowers, there are also blue, violet and rich pink plants of the Petticoute variety.
Important! Regardless of the color of the inflorescences, the middle of the flower in this variety always has inclusions of a different shade.
It is easy to recognize this variety - its buds are painted in a very rich crimson color and just burn in a flowerbed. The fire flower tolerates heat and cold very well, so it can be grown in regions with a difficult climate. Loves drained soil, has an unpretentious nature, blooms twice per season.
Perennial phloxes from the group of spreading ones have the most unpretentious temper - they require almost no care and feel great in any conditions. Even these plants have a stronger smell, are able to grow not only in the sun, but also in partial shade.
The appearance of splayed phlox is characterized by such features:
- the stem is extended by 20-40 cm (depending on the place of landing: sun or partial shade);
- inflorescences loose;
- the shape of the flowers is characteristic - the petals are wide at the edges, but tapering closer to the center;
- the shape of the leaves is elongated, the surface is hard, in length reach five centimeters;
- bloom occurs at the end of May - the beginning of June;
- painted flowers in white and blue shades.
In this group, unlike the previous one, there are many domestic varieties - they are easy to recognize by the Russian name on the package. This explains the simplicity of spread varieties - they are better adapted to the local climate.
A florist who has bought spread phloxes for his plot should know that:
- Flowers smell quite strong, so you need to choose the right place for their planting.
- Thick shadow is not suitable for planting perennial phlox, they need at least a scattered sun.
- The soil composition can be mixed, but should have good drainage.
- Frost for spreading varieties are not terrible.
- Flowers multiply only lateral processes.
- Every 5-6 years the bushes need to rejuvenate or seat.
The beauty of this sort of perennial phlox is the possibility of growing flowers under trees and shrubs. Thick carpet emitting wondrous fragrance of flowers is able to decorate any gardens and parks, looks great in flowerbeds. Inflorescences are painted in lilac-blue shades. The variety is very winter hardy. Phlox propagation is necessary with the help of lateral processes.
Snow-white perennial phloxes exude a very strong spicy aroma that will fill the entire garden. The height of the bushes can reach thirty centimeters. These flowers can also be grown in the partial shade of trees and shrubs.
Pancake fiery flowers
This group is the most numerous - in almost any domestic garden there will be phloxes of the paniculate type. There are hundreds of varieties and types of such flowers.
The main distinguishing features of paniculate perennial forms:
- the separation of varieties according to the height of the bush (low - up to 60 cm, medium - up to 100 cm, high - up to 120 cm);
- leaves lanceolate, elongated, about 8-14 cm long;
- the stems are smooth, even, turn to wood by winter;
- inflorescences can be of any shape and size (spherical inflorescences prevail);
- in fullness the flowers are compact, but loose;
- in terms of flowering varieties are also divided into three groups;
- color palette is very wide.
Attention! Because of the huge number of varieties of paniculate phloxes, this group is more convenient to consider by the shades of the inflorescences - it is for this indicator that flower growers choose plants for their beds.
White flowers look great against the background of spring greens, so these phlox are quite common. There are many varieties of white perennial phlox, the most popular of which are the following names:
- late foerster;
- blooming 50 days grade Heaven;
- Sea Foam blooming in mid-summer;
- domestic variety with medium flowering periods Swan.
From July to September, multicolored varieties of perennial phlox bloom. The shades of these colors are so diverse that it is very difficult to choose one of them.
- bright pink phlox perennial Larissa;
- sky blue blue paradise;
- Margarita with crimson buds;
- gentle purple variety Lavender.
Spotted paniculate flower
Breeders place particular emphasis on the elimination of precisely these multi-color phloxes. After all, motley plants with the most intricate combinations of patterns and shades are in the greatest demand.
Today such varieties are known:
- Ivan blooming in mid-summer;
- Europe blooming from July to September;
- very gentle Miss Pepper;
- Bright Eyes with charming salmon flower balls.
The Dutch and English varieties of perennial phlox are distinguished into a separate group called fillers. A characteristic feature of such species is non-blooming flowers that look like buds.
Important! The most famous and popular variety of filings, Red Filins, is shown in the photo below.
How to care for fire colors
Phloxes perennials, photos and names of which are presented above, it is not difficult to grow. Despite the amazing beauty, these flowers are absolutely unpretentious and need the most simple, but competent, care:
- The soil under the bushes should be regularly loosened or use organic mulch.
- Watering perennial phloxes should be exclusively around the bush - water should not flow either under the root or on the leaf.
- It is recommended to feed perennial phloxes with organic matter (autumn) and potassium-phosphorus complexes (spring, summer).
- Propagate and plant new plants better in the fall.
- After the flowering of the bushes, the tops of the bushes are necessarily cut, so that the young inflorescences are large and abundant.
Tip! Although most varieties tolerate the Russian winter perfectly, it is better to mulch the roots of plants with sawdust, humus or straw in November.
Perennial phlox - a great option for decorating the garden or courtyard. It is necessary to plant these flowers only once every five to six years; they do not need complicated care and constant attention of the grower.
In gratitude for the nutritious loose soil and the sun's rays, the phlox will please the host with a lush and very long flowering. There are lots of names and varieties of the fiery flower, even the most fastidious florist will be able to choose phlox perennial according to his taste.