Indian onions are grown in apartments and on the backyards. The flower has decorative properties, and the juice from its shoots is an effective external agent.
Indian onions - a perennial indoor flower, a member of the Asparagus family. The name is associated with the similarity of the burning flower juice with Indian spices. The plant is also known as poultry, ornithogalum, Chinese, Mongolian and Squill.
In nature, the flower is distributed in the subtropical and temperate zones of the Mediterranean, Asia, Africa and America.
The plant reaches a height of 30-80 cm. The bulb is egg-shaped, 8-9 cm in size, covered with dense scales up to 5 cm in size. Radical, linear leaves. In the middle of the leaf plate there is a whitish streak.
The flowers are yellowish or white, odorless, collected in corymbose or racemose inflorescences. After flowering, the fruit is in the form of a box with seeds.
Indian onions are grown in greenhouses, residential and public buildings. The flower does not need special care, but grows more intensively with good sunlight. In summer, the plant can be transplanted into the open ground.Important! The flower is poisonous, the internal use of funds based on it leads to intoxication.
In folk medicine, the plant has external application. It is added to ointments, water and alcohol tinctures.
The plant has disinfecting properties, reduces inflammation and pain relief. Funds based on it help with fractures, hematomas, radiculitis, osteochondrosis, varicose veins, accelerate tissue regeneration, relieve itching.
Indian onion photos:
Before using Indian onions, it is better to consult a doctor. Often there is an individual intolerance to the sap of the plant. When working with a flower need to protect the skin from the effects of its juice. When interacting with poisonous parts of the plant, it is necessary to wash the contact points with water.
Indian onions are propagated by babies or seeds. On an adult plant, small bulbs appear. They develop rapidly and are separated from the main bulb. Children produce their own roots and take root in the soil.
Young bulbs are carefully detached from the parent plant. They are planted in the ground or stored in a dry place. The children are placed in a container, peat is poured and provide good ventilation. In such conditions, the bulb remains viable for 2 years. Planting material tolerates transportation.Important! The process of growing Indian onions from seeds is lengthy and requires serious preparation.
To obtain planting material, the buds are pollinated manually. If the flower is in open ground, the pollination produced by insects. Seeds are harvested in the fall and stored until spring. To speed up germination, seeds are kept in the fridge for 4-5 months.
In the spring, fertile soil is prepared and seeds are planted to a depth of 1.5 cm. A layer of earth is poured on top and plantings are plentifully watered.
The term of germination of a flower from seeds is up to 8 months. Tanks are stored in a warm ventilated place, the soil is regularly moistened. When the seedlings appear 3-4 leaf, they are seated in separate containers.
After the formation of the bulb, the plant begins to develop intensively. The bulb is not buried, it is partially left above the ground surface.
Growing at home
Indian onions adapted to indoor conditions. Flower care is simple and includes a minimum of operations. The plant needs moderate watering, responds well to supplements, withstands transplanting.
For planting prepared substrate. To do this, mix river sand, leaf and sod land in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. Instead of turf soil, it is allowed to use humus.
The plant is transplanted into a pot of clay or ceramics. Such containers are quite heavy and do not overturn under a powerful plant. The walls of the pots are well breathable, and excess moisture evaporates faster.Tip! When planting in a plastic pot, you need to ensure that moisture does not accumulate in the soil. Its excess leads to rotting of the roots and death of the flower.
In addition to the holes in the pot, you need to provide a drainage layer. As the drainage is used expanded clay or fragments of bricks. They are placed on the bottom of the tank.
When grown at home, Indian onions need regular watering. Moisture contribute after drying the upper soil layer. In July, after the leaves fall, the intensity of watering is reduced. Plants tolerate drought for a period of 2-3 months.
The flower prefers bright light. At home, the flower is determined on the south, west or east window.Important! When grown on the northern windows, the flower grows much slower. In the absence of constant natural light in the apartment, the flower is planted in open ground.
The flower tolerates heat better than cooling. Room conditions are comfortable for the plant. It is important not to let the temperature fall below +12 ° C. The plant is not left in a draft or a cold window sill.
If the air in the apartment is dry, the shoots turn yellow at the flower. The plant is sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle. Air humidity is sure to increase in the summer, as well as in the winter in a heated room.
Spraying is performed in the early morning. If the drops remain on the leaves, then when exposed to sunlight the plant will get burned.
The root system needs access to oxygen. The soil in the pot is regularly loosened. It is best to conduct loosening after watering. Dust is removed from flower leaves to improve photosynthesis.
Since the bulb of the plant is actively developing, it needs a constant supply of nutrients. The soil does not contain all micro-and macro-elements, so their lack is compensated by top dressing.
Types of fertilizers for growing Indian onions at home:
- complex fertilizer for indoor plants;
- infusion of wood water containing 1 tbsp. l substances per 1 liter of water;
- a solution of mullein in the ratio of 1:15;
- a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Feeding is carried out from March to August. During this period, the plant increases the green mass and produces inflorescences. The solutions are applied once a month by watering in the morning or in the evening. It is best to alternate the use of organic with mineral supplements.
Every 2 years you need to change the soil and capacity, in which grows Indian onions. Over time, the plant increases the root system and the above-ground part, so it is transplanted into a larger pot.Tip! The pot for transplanting is chosen depending on the size of the flower. Between the bulb and the walls of the container leave 2 cm.
A drainage layer of expanded clay is placed at the bottom of the tank, then the prepared soil is poured. For transplanting take soil of a similar composition, as in the reproduction of the flower.
The bulb is half buried in the soil, the rest should rise above the ground. The plant is abundantly watered.
In warm climates, if the air temperature does not fall below +12 ° C, Indian onions are planted in an open area.
The flower is grown in the garden, illuminated by the sun. The plant feels good in the penumbra under shrubs or trees, it is planted in neutral soil, add humus or compost. During the season the flower is moderately watered.Important! When growing Indian onions in open areas fertilizing is not required. The flower will take the necessary substances from the soil.
In the open field on the bulb appears more children for reproduction. Also abundant and long flowering is observed.
In the fall, the flower is dug out and stored under room conditions. In winter, it is grown as a houseplant, periodically watered and protected from exposure to cold air.
The plant can provide a period of rest. Then it is stored in a dark place, periodically sprayed the soil. After transplanting to the ground in spring, flower care is resumed. The flower is abundantly watered, which stimulates its awakening.
Photos of Indian onions growing in the open:
Indian onions - unpretentious plant with useful properties. Shoots and bulbs are suitable only for external use, their juice is poisonous. When growing, increased attention is paid to watering and fertilizing. The flower is grown at home, in a warm climate allowed planting in the ground.