Grape Everest - a relatively new variety of Russian breeding, which is just gaining popularity. The variety is characterized by the presence of large and tasty berries. The grapes grow quickly, brings a full harvest for 3 years after planting. Ripening of berries occurs in a fairly early period. Below is a detailed description of the variety, reviews and photos of grape Everest.
Grape Everest bred by famous breeder E.G. Pavlovsky by crossing varieties Talisman and K-81. The hybrid ripens in the middle of an early period - in the last decade of August or September. The period from bud break to harvest is 110-120 days.
Variety Everest has a table purpose. The clusters are large, weighing 700 g, in the form of a cone or cylinder, of average density.
Shrubs have great growth power and form powerful shoots. Flowers bisexual, planting pollinators optional.
Description of the variety and photo of grape Everest:
- large berries;
- average fruit weight 12 g;
- oval shape of berries;
- red-purple color;
- thick wax coating.
Berries differ fleshy and juicy pulp. The taste is simple but harmonious. Fruits are not subject to rotting and cracking. On one bunch of berries can vary in size and color.
After ripening, the clusters can remain on the bushes for a month. After aging, the taste qualities are only improved, and nutmeg notes appear in the berries.
Everest berries are used fresh, used to make desserts, jams, juices. Fruits tolerate long transportation.
The place for growing grapes Everest is chosen taking into account the light, wind load, soil fertility. Saplings are purchased from trusted suppliers to prevent the spread of diseases and pests. Pre-prepare planting pits, which make mineral fertilizers or organic.
Choosing a place
Under the vineyard take a sunny plot, protected from the wind. When in the shade, the bushes develop slowly, and the berries do not gain sugar. It is better to equip the beds on a hill or in the center of the slope. In the lowlands, where moisture and cold air accumulates, the culture is not planted.
In regions with a cool climate, Everest grapes are grown on the south side of the house or fence. So the plants will get more heat.
Bushes from fruit trees are placed at a distance of more than 3 m. The crown of trees should not cast a shadow on the vineyard. Fruit trees require a large amount of nutrients. Therefore, at close planting, the bushes of grapes will not receive the necessary nutrition.Important! Grapes prefer light fertile soil. Littered and acidic soils are not suitable for planting crops.
Enriching the poor soil before planting grapes will help the cultivation of sideratov. In the spring, dig the soil and plant legumes, mustard, peas. Plants are watered regularly, and after flowering they are cut and buried in the ground to a depth of 20 cm. In the autumn, they start planting.
Grape Everest is planted in October or in the spring after the snow melted. It is preferable to carry out work in the fall, so that the seedlings have time to take root before cooling.
Seedlings are purchased in nurseries. For planting choose healthy plants that do not have cracks, dark spots, growths on the roots. The optimal length of the sapling is 40 cm, the thickness of the shoots is from 5 to 7 mm, the number of buds is 3 pcs.
The grapes take root well on the rootstocks, and on its own roots. In spring, planted bushes begin to actively develop and produce new shoots.
Procedure for planting grapes:
- Dig a hole 60x60 cm in size to a depth of 60 cm.
- Put a drainage layer of rubble or expanded clay on the bottom.
- Prepare a fertile land, mix it with 3 buckets of humus and 2 liters of wood ash.
- Fill the pit with the substrate, cover with plastic wrap.
- After 3 weeks, when the soil has settled, plant the grapes.
- Liberally water the plant.
The first time after planting, water Everest bushes every week with warm water. Mulch the soil with humus or straw to reduce the number of waterings.
Grape varieties Everest brings a high yield with the presence of care. Landings are watered, fertilized with useful substances, the vine is cut in late autumn. For the prevention of disease and the spread of pests perform preventive treatments.
Young Everest bushes need intensive watering. Grapes under 3 years old are watered several times per season:
- spring when blooming buds;
- before flowering;
- when forming a crop.
For irrigation take warm water, which is settled and warmed in barrels. Moisture stagnation negatively affects the development of grapes: root decay occurs, the development of the bush slows down, berries crack.
Mature grapes do not need constant watering. Its roots are capable of extracting moisture from the soil. In late autumn, bushes of any age are watered abundantly. The procedure protects the bushes from freezing and helps them to move the winter.
Regular top dressings provide stable fruiting of Everest grapes. For processing use natural and mineral fertilizers. If nutrients were introduced into the soil when planting bushes, then fertilizing begins for 2-3 years.
Grape processing scheme:
- spring when blooming buds;
- 3 weeks after flowering;
- when ripe berries;
- after harvesting.
The first dressing is done in spring using nitrogen fertilizers. Bushes are watered with mullein or bird droppings diluted with water in a ratio of 1:20. In the absence of natural fertilizers, 20 g of urea are embedded in the soil.
In the future, nitrogen fertilizers are rejected in favor of substances containing phosphorus and potassium. Phosphoric substances contribute to the accumulation of sugar in the berries, accelerate the ripening of grapes. Potassium improves the resistance of fruits to rotting and improves their taste by reducing acidity.
After flowering, the plants are fed with a solution consisting of 100 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium salt. Substances dissolved in 10 liters of water. The resulting solution of the plant is sprayed on the sheet. Processing is repeated when forming the first berries.
In the autumn, after harvesting, the soil in the vineyard is dug up and 2 buckets of humus are introduced per square meter. m. Top dressing helps to restore the strength of the grapes after fruiting.
Due to the correct pruning form bush varieties Everest. Just leave 4 powerful escape. Vine cut for 8-10 eyes. The procedure is carried out in October after the leaf fall. In the spring, the bushes are inspected; dry and frozen shoots are eliminated.
In the summer, the stepchildren and leaves are cut off, covering the clusters from the sun's rays. At the escape leave no more than 2 inflorescences. Increased load leads to a decrease in the mass of the clusters and delays the maturity of the crop.
Protection against diseases and pests
With the observance of agrotechnics grape varieties Everest retains resistance to major diseases of the grapes. For the prevention of plants treated with a solution of the drug Ridomil or Topaz. Ridomil is effective against mildew, Topaz is used to combat oidium and powdery mildew. Substances penetrate the aerial parts of the grapes and protect them from the spread of the fungus.
The order of processing grapes from diseases:
- in the spring when the first leaves appear;
- a couple of weeks after flowering;
- after harvesting.
If necessary, repeat the spraying, but not more than twice a month. The last spraying is carried out 3 weeks after the grapes are harvested.
The vineyard attracts gall midges, leaf and spider mites, leafworms, and Khrushchev. Anti-insect drugs are well Karbofos, Aktellik, Aktara. Preventive sprays performed in spring and autumn. Chemical preparations are used with caution during the growing season.
Shelter for the winter
Grade Everest requires mandatory shelter for the winter. In the autumn after fall of the vine is removed from the supports and laid on the ground. Culture tolerates lowering the temperature to +5 ° C. If the temperature continues to fall, then it is time to cover the landing for the winter.
Grapes spud and mulch dry leaves. On top of the set of wooden boxes or metal arc. For shelter use agrofibre or burlap.
It is important for the grapes to provide air exchange, therefore it is better to refuse the use of polyethylene film. Additionally, a snowdrift is thrown over the bushes in winter. In the spring, the shelter is removed so that the vine does not get out.
Dmitry, 36 years old, Tula. I was interested in the grape Everest after studying the descriptions of varieties, photos and reviews. For several years of observations, I can say the following: the form in our climate is vigorous, the vine matures well. Disease resistance is high, I have not noticed any signs of disease throughout the cultivation. The berries are colored later than other dark grape varieties. Anna, 45, Krasnodar Everest is distinguished by large berries with fleshy juicy pulp. The mass of individual fruits reaches 20-27 g. The taste is decent, harmonious and balanced. The harvest ripens in the last decade of August. Excellent variety, the berries do not crack and do not attract wasps. The bunch is not very powerful, which is compensated by the size of the berries. From a bush I collect about 4 kg of grapes, I did not notice any overload. Maxim, 58 years old, Volgograd According to the description of the variety and photo, Everest grapes boast large berries. Last year, the harvest was in early September. Under normal load, the berries do not have time to ripen in the early stages. Therefore, it is necessary to wait for the grapes to ripen or to tear off part of the inflorescences in spring. The size of the berries is impressive, the largest ones are more like a plum. The taste is harmonious, but the fruits scored some sugar. Although the berries are quite dense, they are not hard, very juicy and fleshy.
Grape Everest is a promising variety that is gaining popularity among growers and gardeners. Berries have table appointment and differ in the large sizes. Care of the Everest variety includes watering and dressing. In the fall pruned the vine and prepare the bushes for the winter. When conducting preventive treatments, grapes are not susceptible to diseases.