Black currant Gulliver obtained by Russian breeders. The variety brings large tasty berries, rich in vitamins and antioxidants. The culture is resistant to drought and winter frosts, tolerates spring frosts without loss of yield.
Characteristics of a variety
Black currant Gulliver bred in the Bryansk region. Since 2000, the variety Gulliver is present in the state register. It is grown in the Central and North-West region, as well as in the Volga region.
Description of the variety and photo currants Gulliver:
- early maturation;
- the period from the appearance of inflorescences to harvesting ranges from 55 to 67 days;
- strong-growing shrub;
- powerful curved branches;
- wrinkled sheet plate;
- medium sized brushes contain from 9 to 17 berries.
Characteristic of Gulliver variety:
- round shape;
- weight from 1.7 to 6 g;
- black color;
- shiny surface;
- average skin thickness;
- sweet and sour taste;
- ascorbic acid content - 156 mg;
- evaluation of taste - 4.4 points.
From the bush varieties Gulliver collect from 2.5 to 3.5 kg of berries. Due to the durable skin currant tolerates transportation.
Gulliver varieties are used fresh and canned. From them receive components for vitamin drinks, fillings for pies. The berries are frozen, they are made from jam, jams and compotes. The leaves are steamed for making herbal tea.
Winter hardiness grade is -28 ° C. According to reviews currant Gulliver transfers more severe winters under the snow cover.
Black currant Gulliver grows well in illuminated areas. Fertilizers are applied before planting into the ground. Seedlings are purchased in proven nurseries or receive independently from the main bush.
Choosing a place
At one place currant Gulliver grows for 12-15 years.Important! The variety is self-fertile and does not require planting pollinator.
Culture prefers fertile loamy soil. If the soil has a high acidity, it is reduced by adding lime.
In order for the sandy soil to retain moisture longer, when digging, it is necessary to bring peat and humus. The composition of heavy clay soils is improved with the help of large river sand.
Currants are planted from the south or southwest side of the plot. The place is chosen sunny and protected from the wind. For planting culture lowlands do not fit, where cold air and moisture accumulate.
Gulliver currants are purchased in nurseries or from trusted suppliers. Qualitative saplings have roots 15-20 cm long without growths and damages. The optimal plant length is 30 cm, the number of shoots is from 1 to 3.
If currant Gulliver is already growing on the plot, then seedlings can be obtained independently. Grade Gulliver propagated by dividing the bush, cuttings or layering.
When currant is transplanted, its rhizome is divided into parts with a sharp knife. Every new shrub should have several strong roots. Places cut with shredded charcoal.
For breeding varieties Gulliver cuttings choose shoots 20 cm long and 5 mm thick. In the fall they are cut off from the bush and placed in a container filled with wet sand. For 3 months, the cuttings are kept at a temperature of +3 ° C, then buried in the snow or left in the cellar until spring. After the snow melted, the cuttings are planted in the ground.
To get seedlings varieties Gulliver by autumn, use the layering. In the spring, two-year branches are bent to the ground and fastened with brackets. Shoots fall asleep soil, mulch with humus and regularly watered during the season. In the fall, the layers are separated from the bush and transferred to the selected location.
Sequence of work
Currants Gulliver planted in late September or in April. Preparation of planting pits begin 2-3 weeks before planting. If you immediately put the currants in a hole, then when the soil settles, the seedling will be damaged.
The order of planting black currants:
- Dig the area, add 7 kg of humus and 1.5 liters of wood ash per 1 square. m
- Prepare a pit 40 cm deep and 50 cm in diameter.
- After 2-3 weeks, plant the currants. Deepen the root neck by 4 cm.
- Water the plant with warm water.
- Cut the shoots, leave 2-3 healthy buds.
Since Gulliver bushes are vigorous, they are planted at a distance of 1.5 m from trees and shrubs.
After planting, the bushes are watered twice a week. The soil is mulched with humus. In the winter bushes spud. To protect against freezing, young plants are covered with agrofibre.
Although black currant is considered an unpretentious crop, regular care provides it with high yields. During the season it is enough to water the bushes and feed with nutrients. Preventive treatments help prevent the spread of diseases and pests.
The amount of ovaries and the quality of the harvest of black currant depend on the moisture input. Excess moisture is harmful to the roots, because it leads to their decay. For irrigation use water that is settled and warmed in barrels.
Intensive watering is provided at the following stages of development of black currant:
- during the formation of inflorescences in early June;
- during the ripening of berries in July.
On 1 square. m make 25 liters of water. For watering at a distance of 30 cm around the bush make a groove depth of 10 cm. When moisture is absorbed, loosening is performed to improve air exchange in the soil. Reducing the number of irrigations helps soil mulch with humus or peat.
Black currant Gulliver is fed with minerals and organic matter. When fertilizing in the planting pit plants are provided with nutrients for a couple of seasons. In the third year, begin to fully feed the currants.
In the early spring they apply urea, ammonium nitrate or other nitrogen fertilizers. The norm for young bushes is 40 g, adult currants require 25 g. Fertilizer is buried in the ground to a depth of 30 cm. Nitrogen contributes to the appearance of new shoots and leaves. Instead of urea, also use slurry, which is poured under the bushes.Tip! In the summer, nitrogen supplements are discarded in favor of potash and phosphate fertilizers.
In a 10-liter bucket with water dissolve 60 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium salt. A solution of currants watered under the root. Processing is carried out after flowering and ripening berries.
In autumn, the soil under the shrubs of the Gulliver variety is dug up and fertilized with humus. Additionally, wood ash is added, which helps to replenish the supply of nutrients in the soil.
Timely pruning of black currant helps to rejuvenate the bush, eliminate pathogens and pest larvae. Shrubs pruned in early spring before bud break. Re-pruning is carried out in the autumn after leaf fall.
Sort Gulliver brings the main crop on the annual shoots. Fruiting branches remain for 4 years. Old and weak shoots are cut with shears.
The shoots inside the bush do not have enough solar lighting. As a result, the yield is reduced, and the berries do not gain sugar. On average, 15-20 branches are left per bush.
In the summer, they remove broken branches and basal shoots that are not planned to be used for breeding. Black currant pinch at the top. So get strong branches on which the crop ripens.
Protection against diseases and pests
According to reviews currant Gulliver rarely ill, subject to agricultural practices. The grade keeps resistance to mealy dew, anthracnose, rust. For the prevention of bushes treated with a solution of the drug Fundazol or Fitosporin. Currants sprayed in dry cloudy weather.
When a disease is detected during the growing season, additional processing is performed. The use of chemicals is stopped 3 weeks before harvest.
Black currant attracts aphids, butterflies, caterpillars, ticks and other pests. Preventive treatments help protect the bushes from insects. In the spring and autumn, currants are sprayed with solutions of the drug Malathion.
Raisa, 54 years old, Samara. Long chose a large-fruited black currant for growing on the site. After seeing the descriptions of varieties, photos and reviews stopped on currants Gulliver. Saplings purchased in the nursery. I really liked the bushes: the roots are powerful and developed, the shoots are thick. Planted them next to the greenhouse. The variety turned out to be very fruitful, the berries are large and sweet. I freeze part of the crop and get a source of vitamins for the winter. Roman, 49, Kaluga Black currant is very popular in our region. After studying the description of the variety and photos, I decided to plant a currant Gulliver in the country. The variety is large-fruited, therefore it requires special care. In the spring before the start of flowering I feed the bushes with mullein. The taste of the berries is excellent, rather sweet, but at the same time you feel sourness. Gulliver is a worthy variety that justifies its name. Victoria, 35, Penza When I studied descriptions of varieties, reviews and photos, I immediately noticed the currant Gulliver. The berries of this variety are characterized by a record content of vitamin C - about 157 mg. The variety Gulliver has been growing for 4 years on the plot. Bushes are very powerful and sprawling, necessarily need support. Berries ripen early enough in July. In the spring I use fresh leaves to make herbal tea.
Currant Gulliver is a large-fruited variety resistant to frost and drought. It propagated by cuttings, layering or by dividing the bush. Plant care includes watering and feeding. To rejuvenate the bush pruning. The variety Gulliver is not susceptible to diseases and attacks of pests.
Gulliver berries are rich in vitamins and antioxidants. From leaves of black currant prepare tasty vitamin tea.