Lilies - luxuriously blooming perennials. Their beauty during the flowering period, they are able to overshadow even the roses. It is this beauty that often scares off newcomers to floriculture - it seems to them that caring for such a miracle is associated with incredible difficulties, and they, in most cases, are greatly mistaken. It is lilies, especially some of its varieties, that practically do not require any maintenance after planting. The main thing is to choose the right place and time. But the variety of lilies is huge - so there are a lot of nuances in its cultivation - it all depends on the particular variety that you choose. Planting and transplanting lilies in the fall to another place is the topic of this article, which answers the most common questions of novice gardeners who are asked, afraid to do something wrong in caring for a royal beauty - a lily.
Planting lilies in the fall, when and how to plant
Before we talk about how to transplant lilies in the fall to another place, you need to discuss the process of settling these exotic beauties in your area. Planting lily bulbs in the fall in the ground is the most traditional and favorable for most regions of Russia. Only in areas with a harsh climate and early in the coming winter (North, Siberia) are lilies planted in flower beds not in the fall, but rather in August.Attention! Some varieties of flowers, such as Oriental and Tibetan hybrids, in the harsh climate are better planted in the spring.
In fact, the spring planting of lilies is also possible and is popular in recent years. After all, the planting material of these luxurious onion bulbs is now offered almost year-round, and many impatient gardeners buy bulbs even in winter. But the majority of lilies bloom in the first half of the summer, but it does not tolerate frost well, so when planted in the spring in the ground in most areas of the bulbs will experience stress and developmental delays, they may not bloom this season.
If you have already become a happy owner of lily bulbs in the winter or early spring period, and you want to plant it, as expected, in the fall, then the next option will be the best option. Soak it in a cool place until a sprout appears, and then plant it in a peat pot (with a volume of at least 0.5-0.7 l) with a light land mixture and grow it in the most lighted and moderately warm place, preventing the temperature from dropping below zero. You can use the balcony, loggia, veranda.Comment! In warm and dimly lit room conditions, the lily will stretch, will be weakened.
In the summer it can be prikopat in the garden in a partial shade, and closer to the autumn to land on a permanent place.
In general, when buying lily bulbs for autumn planting in stores or markets, do not take those that have at least small sprouts.
The fact is that these sprouts will quickly grow into growth after planting, and in winter they will most likely die, and the bulb risks turning back. It is best to take in the fall planting lilies from familiar gardeners who dig up their bushes for transplanting to another place.
When to plant lilies in autumn
Many are interested in when to plant lilies in the fall. The fact is, the bulbs planted in open ground should have time to grow and strengthen the root system before the onset of stable frosty weather. (And the perennial roots of lilies are able to develop even at low positive temperatures.) Only in this case, the sprouts that appear in the spring, can safely withstand the return spring frosts.
According to the requirements of agricultural engineering, the average air temperature during the autumn planting or transplanting lilies should fall to + 10 ° C and not rise much higher. Since this happens differently in different areas, the timing of planting lilies in the fall can vary greatly.
- In the Moscow region and in general, in conditions of a middle lane, you can start planting (transplanting) flowers already in mid-September and carry it out until the beginning - mid-October, depending on weather conditions.
- In the southern regions, the planting dates for lilies in the fall are shifted by a month - mid-October - mid-November.
- In the Urals and in the Leningrad region, it is better to plant the bulbs starting from the end of August and in September.
- And for most regions of Siberia, this procedure is best done in August.
How to plant lilies in the fall
When answering the question: "How to plant lilies in the fall?" You should first pay attention to the choice of location. Indeed, on average, lilies grow well in one place without a transplant of up to 4-5 years, and some (clever) even up to 10 years. Absolutely all lilies like well-drained, light soil, so the preparation of drainage and also a mixture of land should be given attention. If you have heavy clay soils, it is necessary to dilute them with sand. In addition, most lilies develop well in the soil with a weakly acid reaction, but weakly alkaline earth is absolutely necessary for some varieties (Snow White, Caucasus, Tubular). For this purpose, chalk or wood ash is added to the soil mixture for planting. If the soil, on the contrary, needs acidification, peat is used.Important! Never add manure to the planting of lilies, even rotted. These flowers are bad for organics - it is better to use mineral fertilizers.
If the soil in the area is not very fertile, you can use the addition of 100 g of superphosphate per square meter of planting.
It is desirable to place flowers in a sunny and sheltered place, but many varieties can grow in partial shade, and some even prefer it (Sargent, Gansona, Canadian, Caucasian, Kudrevatye, Callosum).
People often ask how to plant lilies in the fall. If you use purchased bulbs, or extracted from an unreliable source, then it would be wiser to soak them before planting in a 0.2% solution of foundationol or the drug Maxim.
For planting, dig holes in the prepared area of the required depth, pour 2-3 cm of coarse sand on the bottom, place a lily bulb and fill it with the prepared soil mixture, without much tamping.
The next important question is about the depth of planting lily bulbs. It is determined both by the size of the bulb itself, and by the mechanical composition of the soil in which it is to grow, and even by the look of the lily itself. For example, many times the snow-white lily already mentioned should be planted to a depth of no more than 2-4 cm. Similar recommendations should be followed when planting Catsby and terracotta species. For most lilies, especially Asiatic hybrids, which are capable of forming roots not only on the bottom, but also on the lower part of the stem, you need to choose a planting depth that is two to four times the diameter of the bulbs. Pretty deep (from 12 to 20 cm and even more) are planted with lily bulbs that have powerful and tall stems or large peduncles (Hanson, Willmott, Henry, curly).
Attention! A novice gardener should keep in mind that a deep landing is preferable shallow.
- Firstly, at a depth of more moisture is stored and in the hot summer colors are much more comfortable.
- Secondly, the soil does not freeze through at a depth longer, which allows the roots to develop for a longer time.
- Thirdly, plants have much more babies.
- Fourthly, the growth of the peduncle in spring is slower, but the spring frosts are practically not afraid of him.
Finally, keep in mind that on light, sandy soils, the depth of planting bulbs should be greater than on heavy loams.
When calculating the distance between the bulbs during planting, it is necessary to be guided by common sense. The closer you plant them, the sooner you have to sit down. This is especially true for Asian hybrids. If you know that the flowers of your variety reach a diameter of 40-50 cm (which is not surprising for lilies), then closely planted, they will look ugly. On average, the distance between the bulbs is left at 20-30 cm.
Beginning gardeners are also often interested when the lilies planted in the fall grow and blossom. The timing of germination strongly depends on the region where you planted lilies. Usually sprouts appear when there are stable positive temperatures in the daytime, and only at night there are frosts. In the south, the first shoots may appear as early as March-April. In the middle lane (Moscow region) shoots of lilies usually appear in late April - early May. As a rule, the earliest emergence of tubular hybrids and Candida appears first.
A flowering begins in June in the southern regions. In temperate latitudes, Asian hybrids first bloom in late June - early July.
Do I need to dig lilies for the winter
The lilies still have a reputation for so whimsical flowers that many gardeners, especially beginners, often wonder if they need to dig up lilies for the winter. In fact, the overwhelming majority of varieties of lilies, first of all, Asian hybrids, most of the natural species, LA and Otto hybrids not only do not need to be dug out for the winter, but they do not even need to be covered with anything, at least in the middle zone . In Siberia, in regions with harsh winters, it is desirable to warm them with a layer of organic mulch (humus, compost), about 15 cm thick, and then cover with fallen leaves.
Tubular hybrids are less resistant to frost, but still in many regions of Siberia, they winter well under shelters. Eastern hybrids - the most exotic representatives of lilies, are the most capricious, in the middle lane they can survive under shelters, but already in the regions of the Urals and Siberia it is better not to risk and dig up bulbs for the winter.
So, whether you need to dig up lilies in the fall or not, you decide - it all depends on the weather conditions of your particular area. In addition, some lilies, for example, eastern hybrids, are no longer afraid of frost, but vypryvaniya, so their cover must be covered with waterproof material on top to protect the bulbs from excessive moisture in late autumn and early spring periods.
Caring for lilies in the fall, preparing for winter
In the fall, immediately after planting, no care for the lilies is needed. If there are frosts without snow in your region, then it is better to immediately cover the lily planting site with spruce fur branches, and even better with needles, which will not allow the spring to sneak into the flowers of slugs, and with fallen leaves on top and an impermeable material. It is especially important to harbor young bulbs in the first year after planting (transplanting).
Important! Covering planting lilies for the winter, make sure that the earth around them, as well as the leaves themselves and other covering materials are relatively dry, and in no case are too wet.
Subsequently, if you do decide to dig out the lilies for winter storage, then, most importantly, do not let them dry out. They must be poured with wet sawdust and folded in bags with holes. Packages should be stored in a cool, non-freezing cellar, or in the lower compartment of the refrigerator.
Lily transplantation in autumn
Although lilies can grow in one place for about 4-5 years, but over time, many species form babies, the number of which increases every year. They require free space for life and unwittingly take it away from the mother plants, in which the number and size of flowers decreases, and they themselves become shorter. Only one way out - to plant bushes.
Most Asian hybrids form such a significant number of babies that some sources advise to replant them even every year. Other species and varieties, on the contrary, practically do not form babies or form very little (tubular and eastern hybrids), at least in the conditions of the middle belt for a very banal reason - they simply do not have enough summer heat. In any case, watch your lily, if, despite feeding and care, its flowering worsened - it means that it needs a transplant.
If you have not decided when to plant the lilies in the fall or spring, then think that during the spring transplant you will damage the plant roots in any case (and they are perennial in lilies), the flowers will appear much later, and the plants will not have time to prepare for the winter for late flowering.
In the summer after flowering, the bulb gradually begins to prepare for a dormant period and in a month - another at the beginning of autumn - the most favorable time comes for the transfer of lilies to another place. It is no coincidence that it was during this period that the planting of lily bulbs at a permanent place was recommended.Important! Do not cut the stems of lilies after flowering! Let them dry naturally, otherwise you will deprive the plants of additional nutrition.
But the ovaries or seed boxes formed after flowering are best removed, unless, of course, you are going to propagate the lilies with seeds, which is very troublesome and time consuming.
So, you decided to start transplanting lilies to another place. If the stems have already turned yellow, then for transplantation, for convenience, you can already cut, leaving 10 cm long hemp. If the stems are green, you do not need to cut them, but you should try to handle the root system as carefully as possible.Tip! When transplanting, it is advisable to act with a fork, and not with a shovel.
Undermining a shrub, departing from it about 30 cm. The root system of different types of lilies can be very different: for some, it is powerful and knocked into a dense earthen clod, for others, after digging, they crumble like potatoes. In any case, carefully separate the large onion from the many children and plant them on a new, previously prepared place. All the rules and recommendations on distance and depth of planting, discussed at the beginning of the article, also apply in case of transplantation.
If the plants did not hurt you during the season, then it is not necessary to subject the roots to additional processing in fungicides. Trim them also not worth it - they are perennial and will continue to grow in a new place. But free from rotten or damaged scales or roots, if any, is very desirable.
If, for various reasons, you cannot immediately plant the bulbs to a new place or want to share planting material with your neighbors, then do not leave the bulbs outdoors even for a short time. They are able to dry up very quickly, because they do not have a protective shell, like other bulbous. Immediately after digging, place them in wet sawdust or moss, in extreme cases, wrap in a damp cloth or newspaper and wrap in plastic.
Thus, planting and transplanting lilies in the fall to another place does not constitute a particularly complex process, but it allows you not only to update the plantings and the look of your garden, but also to propagate your favorite flowers.