Those who are looking for gooseberries, which gives a lot of tasty fruits, should learn more about what is a "Consul", an unpretentious to the soil variety that has high immunity. Gooseberry varieties Consul attractive still lack of thorns. This greatly facilitates the collection of fruits.
History of breeding varieties
Gooseberry "Consul" - a new variety, bred at the end of the last century. The main goal of the breeders was to create a new species for growing it in the harsh conditions of the middle zone. As a result of experiments, a new frost-resistant gooseberry was obtained, with large sweet berries and a complete absence of thorns.
Description of the bush and berries
Gooseberry "Consul" - a bush that reaches a height of two meters, with the absence of a large number of thorns. Crown shrub sredneraskidistaya, branches covered with bright green foliage. On the annual shoots 1-2 spikes form, which subsequently disappear. The shape of the fruit is round, the skin is thin, bright red, when ripe becomes almost black. The average weight of a berry is 6 g. Under favorable conditions, in the first year, the variety produces 3 kg of sweet large fruits.
In the future, an increase in fruiting is formed. This is an excellent indicator for those who like gooseberry jam or wine.
Advantages and disadvantages
Gardeners love the gooseberry Consul for its unpretentious care, abundant fruiting. This variety is especially popular in Siberia and the Far East, since its resistance to climatic extremes is high. Before you buy seedlings Consul, you should know about the positive and negative characteristics of the variety.
High frost resistance
Fear of drafts
Resistance to most diseases
Susceptibility of drying the soil requires watering
Ability to bear fruit for 20 years
So, the variety "Consul" (another name - "Senator") - this is an ideal option for cultivation, which has several advantages. Gooseberry has one of the primary characteristics - it can grow beginner gardeners and gardeners.
The variety does not require daily care, does not take up much space on the site. Resistance to diseases allows you to grow gooseberries for many years, and collect a large number of fruits, which increases every year.
One of the main positive characteristics of the Consul is the high yield. On average, more than 6 kg of berries are harvested from one bush. Given that the berries are tied up even on annual shoots, and the life span of the plant is 20 years, Consul gooseberry is a variety that can be called a record holder in terms of yield.
Drought resistance and winter hardiness
Among the distinctive characteristics of the variety Consul - frost resistance. Gooseberry has the ability to tolerate frost minus 30 degrees. Good grade and for growing in the south in a hot climate. But drought is poorly tolerated by all plants, including this gooseberry. Therefore, in order to obtain high yields, it is necessary to water the gooseberries regularly.
Disease and Pest Resistance
"Consul" - gooseberry, resistant to disease, insect pests. He is not afraid of sawflies, septoria, powdery mildew. The culture has a very high immunity, and this allows you to grow a culture and get high fruiting without the help of chemical insecticides. Rarely in dry weather can pests attack: ognevka or gooseberries. They can be fought with the help of natural products, by spraying the bushes.
"Consul" refers to varieties with an average ripening period. In regions with a warm climate, flowering occurs at the end of May. Fruit picking begins from the end of July and lasts until mid-August. It is necessary to collect them as they ripen, because because of the thin skin for a long time to keep the berries on the branches can not. You can lose part of the crop.
Storage and transportation of berries is the most vulnerable place of the Consul. Great fruiting and unhindered care is a big plus culture and many grow it for further sale. Thin rind does not allow to preserve the integrity of the berries for a long time, because transportation must be carried out quickly and accurately, immediately after harvest.
The variety "Consul" can be grown on any soil. For stable yields, loam is preferable. The main conditions for yield is considered to be fertile and moist soil, proper planting, regular loosening.
An adult plant does not tolerate replanting, it is better to immediately find a permanent place on the plot for a seedling. Excellent sunlit place or light partial shade, without drafts. Along the fence gooseberry will be convenient.
To grow a lot of gooseberries, first pay attention to seedlings. Biennial instances take root best.
They must be shoots, at least three pieces, a length of over 20 centimeters. The seedling root system is very important.
Purchase seedlings better in nurseries. So you can guarantee the quality of the landing specimens, which must meet the characteristics:
- One-year-old seedlings should have small thick roots, free from defects and peeling.
- Two-year-olds should be sold with a large earthen ball. The root neck of a quality specimen should be smooth, with no signs of rot.
- A two-year bush must have several branches with buds.
- The optimal length of the shoots is 10-15 cm.
Proper planting affects fruiting. It should be made in compliance with the rules that will allow the bushes to adapt well in a new place. Planting seedlings carried out in the fall, a month before the first frost. Kusti manages to take root and perezimuet well. You can do this in the spring, after melting snow.
- Seedlings are located no closer than one and a half meters to each other, for the development of the root system.
- The pit should be 50-60 cm. Be sure to feed the soil with peat.
- The seedling is pre-soaked in a solution that stimulates growth, according to the instructions.
- A day later, the bush is planted in a hole, gently straightening all the roots. It is important to remember that the neck of the root must be recessed by 6 centimeters in order to properly form the root system.
- Landing is covered with earth and well compacted.
- Mulching is performed, and watering of the seedling under the root of ordinary water.
Proper fit is very important, but that’s not all. Although the variety is unpretentious in care, it requires attention to itself. Not to do without formative pruning bush.Important! Variety Consul tolerates moisture, but is intolerant to excessive drying of the soil. This leads to the death of the root system.
Young branches of the gooseberry require support, a device that represents wooden stakes, and a net attached to them. Installing the support in the first place facilitates the collection of fruits. But it also prevents the branches from touching the ground, which prevents damage to the berries. Pegs with a grid gently driven into the ground, so as not to spoil the root system. The branches, as they grow and increase yield, are tied to the structure. Additional supports are not required, since the branches of the Consul variety grow upwards.
Gooseberry variety Consul loves top dressing to give a good harvest. He especially likes the potash-phosphorus diet, which should be introduced 1-2 times a year. Those fertilizers that are applied during planting, last for a year. It is useful to add wood ash to reduce the acidity of the soil.
Gooseberry needs pruning. Initially, when planting at a sapling, one third of the length is cut off. Removed dry and diseased shoots. In the future, pruning is carried out to prevent diseases and overgrowth. It is necessary to ensure that the branches, growing, do not obscure the sunlight, the absence of which leads to the loss of the taste characteristics of the berries. After pruning, it is necessary to loosen the soil.
The variety Consul is easy to propagate by cuttings or layering.
- The cutting is carried out from mid-summer to autumn, cutting off part of the shoot from an adult bush at an angle and a length of 15 cm. There must be several buds on the handle.
- Treated with root growth stimulator.
- Place the stalk at an angle of 45 degrees in a loose soil so that 2-3 buds remain on the surface.
- Produce regular watering.
To multiply gooseberries with layering need to bend to the ground annual shoots. Fix them with a metal bracket, sprinkled with soil, watered. When young branches appear, the sapling is separated from the mother bush.
Preparing for the winter
The variety is experiencing severe winters, and these qualities help to do without shelter. By the preparatory work before the onset of frost include:
- Sanitary pruning.
- Spraying the bush against pests.
- Cleaning and burning of garbage and fallen leaves.
- Top dressing with fertilizers.
The variety “Consul” is an excellent selection specimen, gooseberry, resistant to freezing, and giving a high yield of sweet berries, suitable for making jam, fresh. And for many years, the variety enjoys deserved popularity among gardeners, attracting unpretentious care.
Alexey, Leningrad region
Gooseberry never hurted. Harvest gooseberries indulges always high, and especially does not require care. Only watering and pruning.Zoya, Kirov I have several shrubs of gooseberry variety Consul in the country. Very pleased with this variety. Fruits well. Branches without thorns, and it facilitates the collection of large tasty berries. Ekaterina, Orel Like that gooseberry Consul without thorns. With such abundant fruiting is very convenient. Never hid for the winter, the gooseberry was not sick and had excellent fruit.