Molly's potatoes - the result of the work of German breeders. The best regions for growing: North-West, Central.
Variety Molly refers to the early dining. Bushes grow in various heights (from 50 to 70 cm). Light greenish leaves are characterized by a slight waviness at the edges. The plant grows quite abundantly, and relatively few buds are tied up. Molly potato ripens in the period from 55 to 65 days. However, the first fruits can begin to dig 40 days after planting.
A distinctive feature of the variety is fertility. With one bush varieties of Molly can dig up to 25 tubers with an average weight of 100-160 g. Starch in the fruit - 13-22%. Peel, flesh has a pleasant yellowish tint, but the flesh is somewhat lighter (as in the photo). Fruits of the Molly variety are formed oval or may be ovate-round. The skin is very smooth, the eyes practically do not stand out. Thanks to good taste and medium crispness, Molly's grade is very much loved by summer residents.
Advantages and disadvantages
Molly's potato is one of the first to appear on the shelves, but his merits are not limited to these:
- seed germinates well;
- attractive presentation of Molly tubers;
- easy to care for plantings;
- excellent taste.
The disadvantage is poor resistance to damage to the potato nematode or cancer.
Variety Molly does not impose special requirements on the soil. But, according to experienced gardeners, a more abundant crop is harvested from light soils or medium in structure. Potato beds are better located near the planting of cabbage, cucumbers, beets. These same cultures may be the precursors of Molly's potato. Bad neighbors are plants of the Solanaceae family (tomatoes, eggplants, peppers).
Early ripe potatoes are recommended to be planted in warm land. Rows are located at a distance of 65-70 cm from each other. Between the holes in a row, a step of 20-25 cm is observed. Shallow penetration (about 3-4 cm) will contribute to the friendly and rapid germination of Molly tubers.
Planting material necessarily germinated and processed. Healthy tubers are suitable for planting, without damage, weighing 50-80 g. For sprouting, Molly's potatoes are kept for about a month and a half in the light, in a warm dry place. In order to increase crop yields and protect root crops from diseases, they are treated with growth stimulants (Kretsatsin, Albit, Immunocytophyte).
Compliance with the rules of caring for the crop will be the key to obtaining high-quality early harvest. Since there is a possibility of late frosts when planting early Molly potatoes, there should be a special covering material “at hand” (an inexpensive plastic film will do). If it is not possible to cover the plants, then with the threat of frosts, they should be highly spud.
A week after the sprouts appear, you can gently plow the ground near the potato sprouts of the Molly variety. The soil is pre-moistened if there was no precipitation. Loosening promotes air to the roots, prevents drying of the soil. Weeds are simultaneously removed.
If the potato tops become noticeably wilt, then the beds should be watered, but not poured. In order not to blur emasculated plants, water is directed along the grooves along the rows. A larger volume of liquid is required by plants during the period of tuberization.
Hilling and feeding
During the summer, the potato beds spill repeatedly. The first time is when the tops grow by about 20 cm. Molly's potato bushes are added dropwise to a height of about 10 cm. Then the procedure is repeated during the flowering of the culture. The height of the beds is increased by another 5 cm.
Thanks to this procedure, the earth crust is broken, making it difficult for the air to reach the roots, additional tubers begin to be tied, the soil moisture is preserved.
Important! Improving the fertility of the land is also important for the yield of the Molly variety, since potato tubers draw many useful substances from the soil.
It is believed that during the season you need to fertilize potato beds three times:
- Initially, top dressing is added after the appearance of Molly sprouts. An excellent option would be a complex fertilizer: dilute 10 liters of water with a tablespoon of the drug “Mortar” and urea. If preference is given to organic feedings, then you can use a manure / mullein solution (half a liter of organic matter is diluted in a ten-liter bucket of water).
- During the budding period, plantings are fertilized with the following mixture: potassium sulfate (1 tbsp.), Wood ash (3 tbsp.) Is dissolved in 10 liters of water.
- During the period of active flowering of potato varieties Molly make a combined solution: in a bucket of water dilute 2 tablespoons. l of superphosphate and a glass of chicken manure (mullein). For one bush enough half a liter of solution.
To make dressings, time is allocated on cool days or in the evening, if the weather is hot. Mandatory condition - wet soil. Therefore, the beds are treated after rain or watering.
Diseases and pests
Molly's potatoes are considered disease resistant. However, it is impossible to categorically exclude the probability of being affected by some diseases:
- Late blight - fungi that damage leaves and fruits. The first signs of the destruction of the bushes - the appearance of brown spots on the lower leaves. Favorable weather for the spread of fungi - wet cool days. With the defeat of plants disappear and the aboveground part, and tubers. For the treatment of the disease using a 1% solution Bordeaux fluid.
- Rot Black leg affects the basal part of the stems. After 5-6 days, the diseased part of the plant softens and the bush cracks and falls. Fungi develop in the soil and infect plants in conditions of thickened plantings, with poor airing of beds, excessive moisture and sudden temperature changes. The way to resist the disease is to treat the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate (3 g per ten-liter bucket of water is enough). An excellent option is spraying the seed before planting with fungicide solutions (Fitosporin-M, Vitaros).
- The Colorado potato beetle is able to destroy all the beds of Molly's potato. Insects and larvae are harvested by hand if the area is small. An excellent means of struggle - insecticidal drug "Confidor".
Preventive measures can prevent the occurrence of diseases. These include, first of all, the removal and burning at the end of the season of the residues of the tops of potatoes and diseased tubers, the pre-sowing treatment of the soil and seed, the observance of the rules of crop rotation.
Approximately 7–10 days before harvesting, the tops are mown and tails are left about 10 cm high. Due to this, the skin of the Molly tubers is compacted. And the likelihood of damaging the roots when digging decreases. It is easy to find the center of the bush from the remnants of the stems and you can not be afraid to miss the potato tubers. If the soil is quite loose, then you can try to just pull out the fruit for the remnants of the tops.
It is preferable to harvest in dry weather - the tubers retain their presentation and are better preserved in winter. Molly potato varieties are not immediately removed for storage - they are left on the beds so that the skin of the root crops is weathered, solid and dry. If the weather is wet, then the potatoes are left to be aired in covered areas or in a dry room. When harvesting Molly's potatoes are carefully sorted. Otherwise, damaged tubers can rot and damage neighboring healthy ones.Tip! Dark, dry, ventilated rooms are suitable for winter storage of the Molly variety.
In the presence of light, the upper layers of the potato turn green and the fruits become unfit for human consumption.
If the plants are healthy and have not been damaged by diseases, you can use the tops as mulch. Damaged stems must be burned.
Excellent presentation, excellent taste and stable yield make the Molli variety potatoes popular not only among summer residents, but also among farmers.