Belarus has long been famous as a region in which they love and know how to grow potatoes, for good reason they even call it the second homeland of this popular vegetable. The work of breeders on the cultivation of the best potato varieties continues, and in recent years the Ragneda variety has been obtained, which, despite its relative youth, has already gained popularity among summer residents and gardeners.
History of origin
About 10 years ago, specialists of plant breeding centers of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus for Potato and Fruit and Vegetable Growing by crossing the Magician and the 1579-14 form bred a new potato variety, which was named Ragneda.
In 2011, this potato was already registered in the State Register of Russia with a recommendation for cultivation in the Central and North-Western districts. But thanks to many interesting characteristics, the popularity of this potato variety is gaining momentum, and it is grown not only in Belarus and in the above-mentioned regions, but also in many other regions of Russia and even in Ukraine. Seed material of this variety is easiest to purchase through the Potato Institute, located not far from Minsk in the village of Samokhvalovichi.
Description and characteristics
Ragned potato belongs to middle-late varieties by maturity - in order for the tubers to ripen well, it is necessary that 95 to 110 days pass from the moment the first shoots appeared. Of course, to grow such a potato, you will need more labor and patience than for the early varieties, but the taste and yield will pay for all your efforts.
Potato bushes grow high, with an abundance of leaves, do not have a special tendency to spread to the sides, however, hilling will have a positive effect on the increase in yield. The leaves are medium in size, smooth, almost without waviness along the edge, have a color from light green to green.
Ragneda variety is gaining great popularity, primarily due to high yields.Attention! On average, about 300-350 centners of commercial root crops can be harvested per hectare.
And if you create good conditions for growth and development, then you can get up to 430 c / ha. For a gardener, especially a beginner, it is more interesting to find out how many potato tubers can be harvested from a single Ragneda bush. This number can be 15-20, and this should be taken into account when planting potatoes - plant tubers should be at a slightly greater distance than the usual early varieties.
The peculiarity of the Ragneda potato variety is that the plants adapt very well to different growing conditions and soil, therefore they are interesting for use in different regions and for beginners in gardening.
Root vegetables have the following characteristics:
- The shape of tubers is oval-round, regular;
- Eyes can be both shallow and medium depth;
- The rind has a yellowish tinge, and the flesh is creamy white;
- Tubers grow medium size, the weight of one root is from 78 to 120 grams;
- The starch content is quite significant, can vary from 12.7 to 18.4%. Due to this, the potato when cooking tends to be well boiled soft.
The percentage of commercial fruits of potatoes among the total amount of the crop is, depending on weather conditions, from 83 to 96%. Such a large variation shows that with a lack of moisture and other unfavorable conditions, a large number of small tubers that are not very suitable for sale can form in Ragneda potatoes.
Potatoes are well stored, keeping quality is about 97%. But, due to the high sprouting energy of tubers, already in February-March, friendly sprouts usually begin to appear at root crops. To prevent this from happening, the temperature in the vaults should be strictly kept between 0 and + 2 ° C, which, of course, is not always feasible in ordinary village cellars, especially in the southern regions.
The taste of Ragneda potatoes is assessed as good and excellent. Root vegetables make a wonderful mashed potatoes. The variety belongs to dining facilities by appointment.
The value of the variety is quite high resistance to most of the most common diseases, primarily to the phytophthora. Also, the Ragneda variety is well resistant to potato cancer, golden cyst nematode, wrinkled and banded mosaic and leaf curling virus.
Important! Ragneda potatoes are also resistant to mechanical damage and therefore suitable for mechanized harvesting.
Advantages and disadvantages
Requires low temperatures during storage, otherwise quickly germinates
Resistance to phytophthora, potato cancer and many other diseases
Failure to comply with the rules of care and bad weather conditions may grow shallow.
Good taste and razvarivaemost potatoes
Damage resistance and good preservation
The variety is not capricious to the choice of soil
High germination energy and friendly appearance of all shoots
For planting Ragneda potatoes, it is important to choose the optimal time - at a depth of 10 cm, the soil temperature should be at least + 8 ° C. But in order not to walk around the garden with a thermometer, most experienced gardeners advise focusing on the blooming of birch leaves. The best time for planting potatoes comes when the birch begins to cover with a barely noticeable green haze of foliage. A delay in planting is also undesirable, since the soil can lose most of the moisture it contains.
Usually, a month before planting, potatoes are germinated in the light, thereby discarding even before planting, diseased and weak tubers with weak, thread-like sprouts.
The place for planting the Ragneda variety is suitable for almost anyone, it is desirable that only in the past years tomatoes were not grown on it, because they have the same pests and diseases with potatoes.
It is better to plant more rarely, leaving at least 15-20 cm between tubers, and between rows 70 to 90 cm. In this case, there will be enough space for the bushes to form a significant crop.
Ragneda potatoes are relatively unpretentious to the growing conditions, but still some basic grooming procedures must necessarily take place.
Hilling and feeding
It is traditionally considered that it is impossible to grow potatoes without hilling. Indeed, this procedure allows you to get much more significant yields and even when using non-traditional methods of growing potatoes, (as, for example, under straw), hilling also plays an important role. In the latter case, simply spud the bushes not with earth, but with straw.
After all, this procedure not only contributes to the formation of additional roots on potato bushes, but also retains soil moisture, restricts the growth of weeds, and also enhances air exchange in the upper layers of the soil, where young tubers develop.
Spend up the potatoes at least 2 times per season:
- The first time - when sprouts reach a height of 15-20 cm, falling asleep almost with their heads;
- The second time is some time before flowering, without waiting for the bushes to close.
If you use mowed grass with humus for hilling, this will serve as an additional feeding to potato bushes.
It is optimum to combine other top dressings with watering of potatoes, it is especially important to do it during flowering if there is no natural precipitation during this period.
Diseases and pests
The main problems of potatoes
How to help the plants
Dark spots on the leaves, bushes fade
Treatment with phytosporin, whey, iodine.
Treatment of planting material with Fitosporin and growing sideratov before and after potatoes
Many striped beetles with larvae almost completely eat the leaves.
With a small lesion - sprinkle with wood ash on wet leaves. With a strong - to process Confidor, Mospilan.
Potato tubers are dotted with long strokes.
Plant rye or mustard in the plot and do not use for 1-2 years for planting potatoes
Leaves shrink, brighten and curl
It is impossible to cure, the harvest from such bushes must be dug out separately and fed to animals
Harvest Ragneda potatoes usually begin to collect 30-40 days after flowering, when the tops gradually turn yellow and dry. A week or two before harvesting, it is recommended to mow the entire above-ground part - the tubers will be stored better and it will be more convenient to dig them too.
Despite its relative youth, the Ragneda potato variety has already gained a lot of fans, as it is stable and unpretentious in cultivation, and at the same time tasty and fruitful.
Michael, 54 years old, Kostroma I liked the Ragneda variety. In recent years I have tried many new varieties of potatoes, since the old ones have all been lost, and I consider it one of the best modern ones. The yield is on the level, the potatoes are white, not dark and well boiled soft. Hope, 47 years old, Tula. Ragneda potatoes are very good - tasty and fruitful, and stored well, but only until the New Year. In the last warm winters in the cellar, by February, the whole begins to move, and where should I plant it at this time? It is necessary to break off the sprouts, and this is already the loss of a part of the harvest for the next year. Skarb is very well stored, and the Ragneda variety is resistant to all kinds of sores and is very productive. So delicious potatoes that we eat it almost all by February.