Yellow gooseberry varieties are distinguished by the unusual color of the fruit and good taste. Russian yellow is a proven variety that is valued for its yield and unpretentiousness.
History of breeding varieties
Gooseberry Russian yellow obtained in the All-Russian Research Institute of Horticulture. I.V. Michurin breeder KD Sergeeva. Gooseberry is bred by cloning an old Russian variety.
In 1963, the variety was sent for testing, according to the results of which in 1974 it was included in the State Register. Russian yellow is recommended for cultivation in the Ural and North-West regions.
Description of the bush and berries
Features varieties Russian yellow:
- medium thick, slightly sprawling shrub;
- height from 1 to 2 m;
- straight branches;
- the average number of thorns, most of which are in the lower part of the shoots;
- green, leathery leaves with slightly curved tips.
Description of Russian Yellow variety:
- large size;
- weight 5-7 g;
- oval shape;
- yellow color of pulp;
- transparent skin with a waxy bloom.
Due to the dense skin of the berries for a long time hang on the bushes and do not crack. They have tender flesh and sweet-sour taste.
Main characteristics of the grade Russian yellow:
3.5-4 kg from a bush
to -28 ° C
Disease and Pest Resistance
Advantages and disadvantages
Main advantages of the Russian Yellow variety:
- high commodity and taste qualities of berries;
- resistance to disease, drought and frost;
- good earlyness;
- universal use of fruits.
The disadvantages of Russian yellow gooseberry include:
- the presence of sharp thorns;
- sourish taste of berries.
For the successful cultivation of gooseberry the following conditions are necessary:
- good natural lighting;
- lack of drafts;
- plot located on a hill or a slope not steep;
- light, fertile soil.
The yield and taste of the fruit depends on the illumination area. In the shade the shrub slowly develops, and the fruits are gaining sugar for a long time.
It is best to plant gooseberries on an elevated position or in the middle of the slope. In the lowlands often accumulates moisture and cold air, which adversely affects the growth of culture.
Gooseberry prefers fertile soil: loam, sandstone or sandy soil. When planting in clay soil make coarse sand and compost.
Gooseberries are planted in late autumn (September-October) or in early spring (April-May). Work carried out in dry and warm weather.
For planting fit one or two year old seedlings that have several shoots and a healthy root system. Planting material is purchased in nurseries or from trusted suppliers. It is not recommended to use seedlings with signs of rotting, cracks and other defects.
- The soil under the gooseberry digging, cleaned of plant and other debris.
- Then dig a planting hole with a diameter of 40 cm and a depth of 50 cm. The pit is left for 3-4 weeks for shrinkage. When working in the spring it is better to prepare a pit in the fall.
- In clay soils, sand or crushed stone is poured at the bottom to create a drainage layer. 10 kg of humus, 50 g of superphosphate and potassium sulfate are added to the fertile soil.
- The gooseberry is placed in a hole, and its roots are covered with earth.
- The soil is compacted, and the plant is watered abundantly with warm water.
After planting, the shoots are pruned and left on each of 5-6 buds. The soil is mulched with humus to preserve moisture.
When planting several bushes between them leave 1-1.5 m. If the gooseberry is planted in rows, between them maintain at least 3 m.
Growth and fruiting of the Russian Yellow variety depend on care. The bush needs additional feeding and pruning. In cold regions, gooseberries are prepared for winter.
Low-grade shrub varieties Russian yellow can grow without additional support. Its branches often lean towards the ground under the weight of berries. Due to the support simplifies the process of harvesting and caring for the bush.
Therefore, it is recommended to install a support from wooden planks around the bush. You can use metal pipes and stretch wire between them.
When fertilizing in the planting hole gooseberry Russian yellow does not need fertilizing for the next 3-4 years.
Adult bushes are fed according to the following scheme:
- in early spring;
- 3 weeks after flowering.
For the first feeding prepare a natural solution consisting of mullein or bird droppings. The bush is watered at the root after the snow melts before bud breaks. Fertilizer saturates the soil with nitrogen, which is necessary for the growth of shoots.
During the flowering period, a complex fertilizer based on phosphorus and potassium is being prepared. 50 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potassium sulfate are added to 10 liters of water.
After the gooseberry blooms, the potash-phosphorus top dressing is repeated. Fertilizers can be ground up dry in the soil around the shrub.
Gooseberries are pruned before or after sap flow. It is best to choose the autumn period, as the gooseberry awakens early after winter. Pruning is carried out annually.Important! Be sure to eliminate dry, broken and frozen branches. If the shoots thicken the bush and bring little fruit, they are also cut out.
Branches older than 8 years become unproductive, so they must be removed. Such shoots are determined by the dark brown color of the bark.
In the presence of Russian yellow bush varieties, you can get seedlings yourself. Methods of gooseberry breeding:
- Cuttings. In the fall, they cut off the required number of shoots with a length of 20 cm. The cuttings are kept for 2 hours in Fitosporin solution, then placed in the cellar for the winter. In February, gooseberries are rooted in containers with the ground. When the seedlings appear roots, they are transferred to a permanent place.
- Layering. In the spring at the gooseberry choose strong shoots that lower and secure to the ground. In the middle part of the branch spud and mulch. In the fall, the layers are separated from the shrubs and planted in a new place.
- The division of the bush. When the gooseberry is transplanted, its rhizome can be divided into several parts. Each seedling leaves several healthy roots. Place the slices sprinkled with charcoal.
Preparing for the winter
Variety Russian yellow has a high winter hardiness. In late autumn, abundant podzimny irrigation is performed to help protect the gooseberries from freezing.
Young bushes need protection for the winter. Their shoots spud earth, poured on top of a layer of humus with a thickness of 10 cm. Spruce branches are tied to the branches. In winter, after snow falls, a snowdrift is thrown on the bush.
Pest and disease control
The main diseases that gooseberries are subject to are listed in the table:
A loose whitish patina appears on the shoots.
Gradually, the bloom darkens and covers the leaves, branches and fruits.
All affected parts are cut and burned.
Gooseberries are treated with Bordeaux mixture, solutions of Topaz or Fundazol preparations.
White spots appear on the leaves, which grow and change color to brown.
In the later stages, the leaves dry out and fall off.
Processing gooseberry Bordeaux liquid.
Appearance on the leaves of orange spots.
Over time, the leaves curl and fall.
The most common gooseberry pests are shown in the table:
Signs of defeat
Aphid larvae feed on gooseberry leaf sap.
As a result, leaves are deformed at the tips of the shoots.
Landings are sprayed with insecticide Fufanon or Aktar.
The pest lives on the lower part of the leaves, gradually entangling them with cobwebs.
The leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off.
Sprinkle gooseberry extract of wormwood or tobacco.
Preventive treatment before flowering or after harvest.
Caterpillars of sawfly, moth, moth
Eat leaves, shoots and ovaries.
Caterpillars are harvested by hand. Shrub sprayed with infusion of wood ash or tobacco dust.
Gooseberry Russian yellow is able to endure the harsh conditions of the Urals and Siberia. The variety is resistant to diseases and brings a stable high yield.