Blackberries are not so often met in the gardens of Russians, but still in recent times, this culture is beginning to gain more and more popular and in demand. One of the varieties that growers can grow on their plots is called Chief Joseph. It will be useful to learn about this blackberry, its features, advantages and disadvantages, as well as the method of cultivation for those who are interested in this crop.
Blackberry Cheif Jozeph or Chief Joseph is an American variety bred at the University of Arkansas, like many varieties of the series to which it belongs. It is named after the leader who became famous thanks to the fact that at the end of the 19th century he headed one of the Indian wars. The origin of the variety is not precisely established; therefore, the parent plants are not known for certain.
Description of berry culture
Blackberries belong to the genus Rubus (Raspberry) of the Rosaceae family. It is a half-shrub with flexible stems, with thorns or without thorns. Ternate leaves, similar to crimson, but larger. The berries are green first, then successively brownish, red, dark blue, and finally fully ripe, they turn black and purple. It is for these large, sweet fruits that blackberry farmers grow on an industrial scale and amateur gardeners in their private areas.
General idea of the variety
Blackberry Chif Joseph is a powerful bush with strong shoots growing up to 3-4 m. There are no thorns on them, which is typical for all varieties of the American varieties from the University of Arkansas. The bush is characterized by strong growth, strong semi-creeping shoots that can withstand the load of berries and do not break. The leaves are medium in size, bright green, there are many of them on the bush, so they form lush green. The flowers are white, large. The root system is powerful, well nourishes and keeps the plant in the ground. Overgrown a bit, often it appears only after damage to the roots.
Berries in blackberry varieties Leader Joseph large - up to 25 g, rounded, shiny, bright black, collected in numerous clusters. Their taste is sweet, with almost no acid. It resembles a wild blackberry, pronounced flavor. Gardeners note that the very first berries taken from young bushes (the so-called signaling) are often mediocre. But, starting from the next season, their taste becomes brighter and characteristic for the variety. The berries on the bush a lot, abundant fruiting. Ripe blackberry has a good density, so it can be transported over long distances.
Blackberry Chef Joseph is considered a remontant, that is, it is capable of producing 2 harvests per season. This attracts many gardeners who choose this variety for cultivation.
According to the characteristics of the variety of blackberry repairman Joseph, it is well tolerated by drought and heat, perfectly adapted to the various weather and climatic conditions of Russia. Plants are unpretentious in the care, resistant to basic diseases, also do not impose special requirements to the soil. The shoots need shelter for the winter, but due to the fact that they are semi-creeping, they are easy to stack and cover.
Flowering period and ripening time
Blackberries of this variety ripen in the Middle zone by the beginning of August. In the southern regions - by the end of July. According to this indicator, Joseph Joseph stands almost on a par with the well-known variety Triple Crown, even somewhat ahead of him.
Yield indicators, terms of fructification
The yield of blackberry repair Chef Joseph is very high - an adult 3-4-year-old bush gives as much as 35 kg of berries. But this volume can vary depending on the correctness of growing and shaping, the nutrition of the plant, the load on it. You can pick berries for 5-6 weeks.
Scope of berries
Ripe blackberries Chef Joseph can be eaten fresh, as well as make it all sorts of sweet homemade preparations: jams, compotes, jam. Due to the fact that the fruits are dense, they can be stored for a while in a cold place, transported for the purpose of sale.
Disease and Pest Resistance
Blackberries of this variety are considered resistant to diseases and pests, so it can be grown without treatments with agrochemical preparations. If they do appear, then standard treatments with common fungicides or insecticides will be quite enough to cure.
Advantages and disadvantages
Blackberry Chief Joseph is distinguished by such virtues:
- strong shoot growth;
- rapid growth of the bush;
- powerful lateral branching.
Plants begin to bear fruit early and are highly productive, give large sweet berries.
Among the shortcomings of this generally remarkable variety are:
- soft taste of the first berries;
- low sugar content during heavy precipitation;
- many shoots of replacement, which somewhat complicates the care of the bushes.
Blackberry Breeding Chief Joseph rooting shoots and grafting. In the first case, when shoots reach a length of 1.5–2 m, their tops are placed in the grooves dug near the bush and sprinkled with earth, without separating from the mother plant. Soil to rooting kept in a wet state. In the fall, the layers are excavated and transplanted to a new location.
Young shoots of blackberry Leader Joseph can also be used to cut cuttings from them. To do this, take their upper parts and cut segments with one kidney. They are planted in cups filled with fertile soil. Tanks put in the greenhouse, where they take root.
It is no secret that for the successful growth and development of blackberry it must be properly planted. This will be a guarantee that the variety will grow well and show all its productivity.
Blackberry seedlings Chef Joseph is better to plant in the spring and not in the fall, so that young plants do not freeze, especially if the winter is snowless or very cold.
Soil preparation for blackberries is that they dig it up, level it, make planting pits. In each make 5-6 kg of humus, 50 g of potash and 100-150 g of superphosphate. Top dressings mix with the soil, fill with this mix of a hole on 2/3 their volumes.
Choosing the right place
Blackberry Chif Joseph grows best in a sunny place, but it can also be planted in partial shade. But the complete absence of light is not allowed - it will affect the quality of the berries. The landing site can be open, but you can also locate bushes near buildings and fences.
Selection and preparation of seedlings
Blackberry seedlings Chief Joseph 1 or 2-year-old should be healthy, well-developed, with fresh young foliage, not sluggish, without damage, traces of diseases and pests on the shoots and roots. It is better to purchase them in specialized nurseries, where they grow good varietal material. Before planting, the roots of plants are soaked in a root-stimulator solution for better survival.
Algorithm and landing pattern
Planting pits under a strong-growing blackberry. The leader Joseph is made at a distance of 1.5-2 m from each other, 2.5 m - between the rows. Their depth and diameter should not be less than 0.6 m. Drainage and a mixture of fertilizers are poured into the pits, a layer of earth is added on top, on which the plant is installed. After that, the seedling is filled with fertile soil along the root collar, the soil is mulched with peat, humus, straw, hay, sawdust. Shoots after planting cut off, leaving pieces with 1-2 buds above the ground. Bush plentifully watered.
Subsequent care for the culture
After planting the seedlings, during the entire growing season the plants need a certain care. It consists of irrigation, loosening, dressing, pruning and harvesting.
Principles of cultivation
Chif Joseph variety blackberries are grown on the trellis, for which high poles are placed along the edges of the beds with bushes and tensioned with wire. Tied to it shoots individually or beams. You can also grow plants, leaving the shoots to climb along the ground, but then they are cut at a height of 2-2.5 m.
The blackberry Chif Joseph is considered drought-resistant, so it does not require frequent watering, especially if the mulch covering of sawdust, peat, hay, straw, last year's foliage, and cut grass is laid on the ground. If it is not, then after watering the soil should be loosened. Feed the bushes with complex fertilizers in the spring, before flowering and before the bushes begin to tie fruit.
In the spring, the growing branches of the blackberry. The leader Joseph is cut off when they reach a height of 2.5 m, the side branches growing on them are 1 m. The first-order shoots are tied to the upper trellis, and the second order to the lower wire. In the autumn, they cut out all the branches that have finished fruiting at the root, leaving only the young shoots.
Preparing for the winter
Every season of growing blackberries, Leader Joseph ends up covering her for the winter. Shoots are removed from the tapestry, tied together, laid on the ground, wrapped with insulating material and sprinkled on top of another layer of earth. In the spring shelter is removed.
Diseases and pests: methods of control and prevention
This blackberry has good health, so it can be grown without fear that the bushes will suffer from diseases. However, there is information that spider mites can settle on plants - if this happens, they are treated with pest preparations.
An interesting in its characteristics variety of blackberry Chif Joseph can be recommended to lovers of this crop as early ripe and fruitful. With proper care, he can delight the grower with tasty large berries for more than one season in a row.
Reviews of the blackberry Chief Joseph gardeners are mostly positive.