The Grapes of the North grape was obtained by domestic scientists during the over-pollination of the varieties Tayfri pink and Dawn of the North. The alternative name of the variety is Olga. According to the description of the variety and photo, the grapes of the Beauty of the North are distinguished by early ripening and good taste. The variety is used both in fresh form and for winemaking.
Description of grapes Krasa Severa:
- earlier ripening;
- growing season 110-115 days;
- vigorous bushes;
- high rate of ripening of shoots (up to 95%);
- winter hardiness up to -26 ° С;
- large, weakly dissected leaves;
- light green thin leaf plate;
- bisexual flowers of grapes;
- conical loose bunches;
- bunch weight 250-500 g
Features berries varieties Krasa Severa:
- dimensions 20x20 mm;
- round shape;
- average weight 4-5 g;
- fleshy juicy pulp of grapes;
- simple pungent taste;
- white color with a pinkish tinge;
- thin, firm skin that has no taste;
- small seeds in the amount of 2-4;
- increased folic acid concentration (0.23% per 1 mg);
- taste properties are estimated at 8 points.
From the bush varieties Krasa Severa remove up to 12 kg of berries. Fruit transportability is estimated as average. On the escape leave 1-2 clusters. After ripening, the berries remain on the bushes for a long time and do not deteriorate.
Place for growing grapes must meet certain conditions: light, fertility and soil moisture. Grade Beauty of the North is planted in prepared landing pits. Be sure to choose quality planting material. When planting in the soil make fertilizer.
Planting work is carried out in October. Allowed to land later, 10 days before frosts. Autumn planting is more preferable than spring because it contributes to the formation of the root system of grapes.
For planting culture choose the illuminated area, not subject to wind loads. From the availability of natural light depends on the final taste of berries and yield.
The grapes are not planted in the lowlands, where moisture accumulates. When planting on the slopes choose its central part. It is best to choose a plot in the south, west or southwest. The distance to fruit trees and shrubs is more than 5 m.Tip! For planting choose high-quality seedlings varieties Krasa North.
Annual shoots have a height of 50 cm and a thickness of 7 cm. The optimal number of roots is more than 3. The plant must have mature buds, the root system is powerful and not overdried.
Under the grapes they prepare a planting hole of 80-90 cm in size. Then it is left for 3-4 weeks to allow the soil to settle.
The sequence of planting grapes:
- At the bottom of the pit is placed a drainage layer of crushed stone or crushed brick with a thickness of 10 cm.
- A 5 cm vertical plastic pipe is installed in the pit. A 20 cm pipe should remain above the ground surface.
- From above poured fertile land.
- 0.2 kg of potassium salt and superphosphate are added to the planting well.
- Fertilizers need to be covered with earth, and then re-applied.
- From above poured the soil, which is watered abundantly.
- When the earth settles, start planting grapes. The roots of the plant keep the day in clear water, after which the shoot is cut, leaving 4 peepholes. The roots of the plant are slightly shortened.
- A hill is poured into the pit from the ground, and grapes are placed on top.
- The roots are covered with soil, which is well compacted.
- Grapes plentifully watered with warm water.
So that the sapling took root faster, the soil under it is covered with a film. Under the plant and the pipe for watering leave holes. Above the plant is covered with a 5-liter plastic bottle with a cropped neck.
Grapes Beauty of the North brings a high yield with constant care. For plants care by watering and fertilizing. In the fall, the bushes are pruned and prepared for winter. To protect against disease use special means.
After planting the grapes need regular watering. Around the trunk, plants form a hole with a diameter of 30 cm. Each bush requires 5 liters of water each week. A month later, the intensity of watering reduced. Plants watering enough twice a month. In August, the introduction of moisture completely stopped.
Adult bushes are watered several times per season:
- after the snow and the removal of the shelter;
- a week before the blooming of buds;
- after flowering;
- a week before hiding for the winter.
Young grapes are watered through a pipe dug during planting culture. Moisture should stand and warm in the sun.
When the berries begin to ripen, the introduction of moisture is completely stopped before the onset of autumn. Podzimny irrigation helps grapes better to move winter.
The use of fertilizers has a positive effect on the development of culture. When nutrients are introduced into the planting pit, the grapes are fed in the fourth year.Important! In spring, the plants are fed with nitrogen fertilizers. From natural products apply a solution of mullein in a ratio of 1:15.
After lifting the shelter, the Krasa Sevor grapes are watered with a solution consisting of 35 g of superphosphate, 25 g of potassium sulfate and 40 g of ammonium nitrate. Substances contribute in dry form directly into the soil. In the summer, nitrogen fertilizers are removed from the feedings so as not to cause excessive growth of green mass.
A week before the start of flowering planting treated with slurry with the addition of potash and phosphate fertilizers in the amount of 20 g each. When the berries ripen, the plants are fed only with phosphorus and potassium.
Grape Beauty North positively responds to foliar processing. They are carried out using complex fertilizers Akvarin or Kemira. Plants sprayed on a sheet in cloudy weather or in the evening.
Trimming and tying
As the grapes grow, they tie them up to supports. It is best to install several supports and pull the wire between them. Shoots fasten in a horizontal position at an angle, vertically, arc or ring.
According to the description of the variety, photos and reviews the correct pruning of grapes Krasa Severa provides high yields. The procedure is carried out in the autumn after harvest.
When pruning you need to leave from 5 to 8 eyes. Long pruning is allowed when there are 10-12 eyes left on the shoot.
Important! From a bush of a grade of Beauty of the North leave from 40 to 45 eyes.
In the spring, when the grapes are damaged, the vine recovers for a long time, which has a negative effect on fruiting. In early spring, elimination of broken and frozen shoots is allowed. In the summer, it is enough to pinch the vine, remove excess shoots and leaves that cover the clusters with berries.
Shelter for the winter
In autumn, the grapes are fed with wood ash and are prepared for winter planting. In regions with severe winters, the vine is removed from the support and laid on the ground.
The grapes are spud and covered with spruce leaves. Above, a framework is constructed of metal arcs to which agrofibre is attached. In winter, in addition to the bushes throw snow.
The variety Krasa Severa has an average resistance to cracking fruits and gray rot. When gray rot spreads, the green parts of the grapes are covered with bloom. The disease develops in wet weather.
Variety Krasa is susceptible to oidium and mildew. Oidium appears as a mealy plaque on grapes. Gradually the leaves of the plant become curly, the berries dry up.
Mildew has the appearance of oily stains that appear on the leaves. With increased humidity on the back of the leaves, a raid forms. The affected parts of the plant turn yellow and die.
To protect the vineyard from diseases, pruning is carried out in a timely manner, the stepchildren are eliminated, and fertilizer is applied with phosphorus and potassium. Plants are treated with drugs Ridomil, Antrakol, Horus, copper oxychloride. Procedures carried out in early spring before flowering.
Gardeners reviewsMaria, 54 years old, Barnaul. We have been growing the North Beauty grapes for more than 10 years. Berries ripen on average for 120 days. According to the description of the variety and photo of the cluster, they are rather large, reaching 0.5 kg. Shoots grow rapidly, high yields. The taste is quite simple. The variety is not resistant to gray rot. Sweet berries like wasps, so you need to additionally protect the planting from pests. This variety is suitable only for cold regions, where it is difficult to grow most grape varieties. In warm climates, it is better to pay attention to other varieties. The bush is a vigorous, berries ripen in late September. The variety is prone to mildew. When the first signs of the disease appear, I begin to process all the planting of the grapes. The taste is pleasant, fresh, very much like relatives and guests. Dmitry, 62, PskovKrasa Severa - the oldest variety on my site. With age, it only gets better. Very frost-resistant variety, for the winter I make light shelter. Productivity is high, shoots are covered with clusters. Sometimes I observe the cracking of berries, but without rotting. According to the description of the grape Beauty of the North contains folic acid. I cook from grapes a tasty and healthy juice. Twice a year I spend prophylactic treatments, then the vine is not sick.
The Grapes of the North Grape is a variety of table purpose, ripening in early terms. It is characterized by good taste, juicy flesh and rich in nutrients composition. The grade brings a high crop, well transfers frost in the winter. Bunches for a long time hang on the bushes, subject to long-term transportation. Care of the variety is watering, fertilizing and preventive treatments.