Seedless varieties of grapes or raisins will always be in special demand among gardeners, because these berries are more versatile to use. Of these, you can easily prepare grape juice, without suffering with the removal of pits. Such berries can be given without fear to children of even the youngest age and, finally, they are ideal for making homemade raisins - one of the most useful and delicious natural delicacies.
Attica grapes, a description of which variety and photos you can find in this article, are representative of the seedless group. Since this grape came to us from abroad, one of its English names speaks of the same fact - Attika seedless, that is, seedless attika.
Description and history of the variety
The name of the grape variety itself eloquently indicates its origin. Attica is one of the regions of central Greece, and in its honor the Greek scientist breeder V. Mikhos named the hybrid form of grapes he received in 1979. In order for the light of the Attica grapes to be born, Mihos needed to cross between black Kishmish (an ancient variety of Central Asian origin) and Alphons Lavalle (a variety of French origin). The result was a kind of inter-ethnic hybrid of grapes, which, despite its rather southern origin, may well grow and ripen even in the weather conditions of central Russia, of course, under shelters.Comment! And in the southern regions, for example, in the Krasnodar Territory, this crop is actively grown in large areas in non-vineyards.
The bushes of this grape form have a higher than average growth force. It is encouraging that young vines have time to ripen along the entire length in a relatively short time. This allows the grapes to withstand frost well, although the general frost resistance of the variety, expressed primarily in the minimum temperature that fruit buds can withstand without shelter, is not too big - they are able to withstand, from various sources, from -19 ° C to -23 ° WITH.
A positive point in the cultivation of Attica grapes is that the cuttings of this variety rooted quite easily. Judging by the reviews, perhaps even one hundred percent rooting under favorable conditions. It also grows well with rootstocks, so it can be easily grafted onto more cold-resistant stocks.
Low-grape leaves can be either three or five lobes. They have a rich green tint, the upper surface of the leaf blade is dull, bare, large-wrinkled, the lower surface is pubescent.
The flowers of Attica are bisexual, which means that the grapes can be used in single plantings or during the initial setting of the vineyard. He does not need a pollinator to fully set berries.
Traditionally, Attica grapes belong to the mid-early varieties of ripening periods, that is, on average, 115–120 days pass from the blooming of buds on a bush to full maturity of berries. Under the conditions of the middle lane, the ripening of berries will occur at the very end of August - September. In the south, grapes can ripen faster - in late July - the first half of August. Much depends on the weather conditions - in the hot summer Attica grapes can show super early ripening, but in cool crop conditions it may be necessary to wait much longer.
The grapes are well preserved on the bushes and, when ripe, can hang to the very frost, without particularly losing the presentation.
Important! Attic grapes have one peculiarity - even when the berries are completely colored, this does not mean their full ripening. The longer they hang on the bushes, the better and richer the taste of the grapes will become.
Grapes begin to yield in the second year after planting. In the third year, about 5 kg of berries can be harvested from one bush. Adult bushes of Attica are known for very good yield - up to 30 tons per hectare. One adult bush will allow you to collect an average of about 15-20 kg of berries.
Attic grapes shows good resistance to gray rot, resistance to other common fungal diseases of the grapes is moderate. In addition to mandatory preventive spraying, it is advisable not to thicken the bushes, to remove the stepsons in a timely manner, ensuring good ventilation. With the thickening of the bushes of grapes the likelihood of the spread of disease increases.
Characteristics of berries and bunches
The grapes of Attica raisin are different from ordinary raisins by their good, full-sized berries. True, the growers noticed the following peculiarity - if the berries grow especially large, up to 6-7 grams, then they usually contain the so-called rudimentary seed formations. The average size of the grapes of this variety is 4-5 grams.
- Bunches of Attica grapes have a complex conical-cylindrical shape with a variety of branches.
- Typically, the berries are not located inside the clusters close to each other, but can be quite dense clusters.
- The size of the clusters is quite large - in length they easily reach 30 cm or more.
- The average weight of one bunch ranges from 700 to 900 grams. But sometimes there are champions weighing up to 2 kg.
- The berries have a good attachment to the stem, so the grapes can hang on the bushes, without spoiling, for a long time.
- The berries themselves are different oval, often elongated shape. A distinctive feature of the berries of this variety is the presence of small dimples at the end of each grape.
- The approximate dimensions of the berries are 25x19 mm.
- The flesh is firm and crispy. Do not forget that it becomes so only after some aging of clusters on the bushes. In the first week after the full coloring of the grapes, the flesh can be slimy and rather tasteless.
- The skin is quite dense, you can call it even thickish, but it has no astringent properties, it is covered with a well-marked wax coating.
- The berries have a dark purple hue.
- The taste of Attika grapes is quite interesting, sweet, has some fruit notes of cherry, mulberry or black chokeberry.
- Sugar berries gain in the range from 16 to 19 Brix, acidity - about 5%.
- The variety belongs to table grapes, although it is also sometimes used for wine.
- Attica is well preserved, under normal conditions - up to several weeks. With long-term storage, it can only dry out slightly, but no rot forms.
- Attika grape transportability is also high.
The video below shows all the main characteristics of Attic grapes.
Features of growing
Attika grape bushes are picky to the soil, can grow on almost all soils, except saline or marsh. It places increased demands on heat and sunlight, as befits a true Greek by origin.
Attica has a certain tendency to overload the crop, so the inflorescences, after their formation, must be rationed, leaving a maximum of two to escape. Short pruning (by 2-3 eyes) is more suitable for the southern regions, and in the middle lane it is better to do average pruning (by 5-6 holes). On one bush of grapes you can leave about 30 eyes.
The advantage of this variety is good pollination and fruit set. In principle, gibberellin (growth stimulator) treatment is not even required. Although they are sometimes used to increase the size of berries and bunches of grapes.
In order to prevent diseases, Attica grape bushes need two or threefold treatment with fungicides: after bud break, shortly before flowering and immediately after flowering.
Reviews of those who planted Attica grapes on their plot are mostly positive. Some of the discrepancies in the taste of the berries are connected, apparently, with their premature tasting, when they did not even have time to gain the desired taste and texture.Vladimir, 42, Saratov In the current year, he finally waited for the normal fruiting of Attica grapes. Last year there were several signal brushes on the bushes, but the taste somehow did not taste. I did not observe any problems with diseases in my area. Pollination is just great. The clusters are quite dense, but the berries are stored perfectly, they do not choke, and most importantly - they stick tightly on the twigs. The ripening of this season was at the beginning of September, I thought it would ripen later, because the weather was not very summer. And when I tried, I first became disillusioned - the taste was fresh, the flesh was mucous. But then somehow it happened to him to remain without special attention for a couple of weeks and the taste of the grapes began to change for the better. As a result, he gave it to hang to the frost, it did not spoil at all, on the contrary, the taste only improved, and the flesh became dense and crispy. I also liked the berries themselves - large, unlike ordinary raisins, rudiments are sometimes found, but they are hardly felt in food. Evgeny, 39 years old, Samara I had the first signal clusters of Attic this year. Over the year, the vine grew by 4 meters, 4 clusters weighing about 500-600 grams were formed per bush. The berries themselves are of medium size, at first they did not find any vestiges of rudiments. But in the largest berries in the cut, they are noticeable, although they are not particularly felt in food. In addition to prophylactic, I did not do any special treatments, the bushes did not hurt. The taste of the berries seemed simple but harmonious. Nothing super-outstanding, but for our edges a very decent grape variety. Olga, 37 years old, Volgograd. We have been growing Attika kishmish for several years. We do not rejoice - the variety is quite early, we have matured at the very beginning of August. The market enjoyed the greatest popularity, because people are not used to seeing a rash of such large sizes. The taste is original, with distinct fruit notes of currant or cherry. It turns out very tasty and high-quality raisins on an ordinary electric dryer. And we also make juices and compotes for the winter - they usually leave among the first, they don’t even have wine, and there are other, more suitable varieties for wine. Nikolai, 46 years old, Rostov Oblast, planted 2 Attica bushes last spring. Filled the landing pit: a bucket of compost, wood ash, sand, black soil, rotted mullein. Nothing more fed, not processed. Watered almost every day for a bucket of water. Over the summer, it grew by two or three shoots with a length of 1.5 meters. The leaves and shoots of the grapes are in excellent condition, no sores have been noticed. In the rains, too, the bushes had no reaction. By the fall (by October) the vine had ripened by about a meter or more. In winter, both bushes left without shelter. The worst frost was recorded in the region of -23 ° С with winds. In spring, all the buds woke up, now they are actively flowering, and the first signaling brushes are formed. So the cold resistance of Attica is really worthy of surprise.
Perhaps due to its foreign or southern origin, Attica grapes are not as popular in Russia as other varieties. But, this hybrid form is able to surprise with its stability, yield, and taste. So the one who tries to allocate her a place on the site is unlikely to be disappointed.