Many people know about the medicinal plant called Sage, but not all of its cultural variety Salvia. Today, there are about eight hundred species of this beautiful flower: Salvia is actively used by landscape designers, serves to decorate balconies and gazebos, plays a large role in medicine. The most common types are Salvia sparkling (or Sage brilliant) and medicinal Sage. It is not difficult to grow cultivated Salvia; care for this plant requires the most ordinary one, so everyone can start beautiful unpretentious flowers in their garden.
In this article, Salvia Brilliant will be discussed in detail, a description of the species, a photo of flowers, and recommendations on sowing and caring for this plant are given. Here you will also be told about the most popular varieties of sage culture, which are most often used for decoration of flowerbeds, borders, in pottery compositions.
Features of the form
Salvia brilliant was brought to Europe from the tropics in the eighteenth century. Since then, this plant has been cultivated in almost all corners of the Old and New Worlds. In nature, sage is a perennial, but in a temperate continental climate it grows only for one season (a tropical flower cannot withstand a harsh winter).
Decorative sparkling salvia has no medicinal properties, but flower growers love it for its striking appearance, unpretentious "character" and a lot of bright juicy colors.
Attention! But the varieties of medicinal sage (forest and meadow varieties) have a lot of useful properties: anti-inflammatory and antifungal effects, the ability to stop bleeding and relieve pain, treat gastritis and kidney diseases.
Detailed description of the cultivated variety
If we talk about decorative varieties, they have the following characteristics:
- the species belongs to the family of essential oil spongy plants from the family Luminous;
- the shape of the bushes is reverse pyramidal, the plants are compact, well leafy;
- each shoot of brilliant sage ends in a large inflorescence;
- sage height can vary from 25 to 80 centimeters depending on the variety;
- most of the stem Salvia is inflorescence in the form of a spikelet;
- leaves are petiolate, whole, arranged in pairs - opposite each other;
- Salvia stems are erect, grassy, have a characteristic feature - a tetrahedral cross-section;
- the sage root system is powerful, well branched;
- the growing season in Salvia is quite long - 100-120 days, therefore, in Russia, the flower is grown through seedlings;
- flowering sparkling sage begins in mid-June, and ends with the onset of the first frost;
- spikelet inflorescences, the flowers themselves have a tubular structure, collected in pyramids, reaching a length of 20 cm;
- in each inflorescence of Salvia sparkling, from 30 to 90 small flowers are formed;
- modern selection allows you to grow Salvia of almost any shade: red, salmon, white, cream, lavender, dark purple, burgundy, orange;
- the fruit of Salvia glittering - four nuts with seeds;
- Seeds of varietal Salvia (non-hybrid species) can be harvested and sown next season, their germination persists for five years.
The great plus of Salvia to the glittering gardeners consider the long period of its flowering - all summer bright spots of bushes will be decorated with ridges, borders and flower beds. The undoubted advantage of the flower is the possibility of growing it in flowerpots, pots and boxes, in order to decorate window sills, balconies and verandahs.
To date, all varieties of sparkling Salvia can be divided into two large groups: tall and short. The first group is flowers, reaching a height of 70-80 cm, they usually decorate gardens and flower beds. Low-growing sage is a compact plant that grows up to a maximum of 50 cm. Borders and rabat make out these flowers, they are planted in pots and flowerpots, used by Salvia and for carpet flower beds and flower beds.
Attention! Low-growing species of Salvia sparkling are more compressed during the growing season - only 60-65 days. That is why compact flowers are more often used by domestic flower growers and landscape designers.
There are lots of varieties and varieties of shiny sage, but flower lovers prefer the brightest and most beautiful of them. The photo and description of such colors will be given below.
This flower grows up to 40-50 cm in height, and the diameter of the bush is usually 35-45 cm. The plant is compact, the inflorescences are slightly disheveled, not too dense, the length of spikelets is 16-20 cm.
This variety of salvia blooms in a brilliant red coral color.
This variety Salvia is very similar to the previous one, but you can distinguish the bushes on the leaves. At Vesuvius, the leaf plates are large, their length can be 7-10 cm, and the width - up to 9 cm.
The inflorescences are painted in a fiery red hue, they are more dense, the length of the spikelets is slightly less than that of the Fireball. Blossoming sparkling Salvia of this variety begins in early August.
The maximum height of this annual Salvia is 60 cm. Bushes are compact, dense, bright - they often adorn ceremonial beds, flower beds, curbs or rabatki.
The bonfire blooms right up to frosts, and the first inflorescences bloom in early July. The variety can be grown on balconies, but you should remember about regular watering and loosening the soil.
Sage classic color - red. The carabiner is suitable for well-lit places, tolerates drought normally, blooms from mid-summer to late autumn.
The bushes of this brilliant Salvia are very compact - their height reaches a maximum of 30 cm. It is possible to plant seedlings thickly - according to the 20 x 20 cm scheme.
Another sparkling salvia with rich red blooms. The Zurich variety is taller than the other varieties listed above. The height of its bushes can reach 60-70 cm.
Accordingly, the spikelets with inflorescences in Salvia are longer. The whole bush is well leafy, covered with many large flowers. On the central shoot can simultaneously bloom about a hundred fiery spongy inflorescences.
Flower Salvia sparkling Scarlet - an annual plant, designed for flower beds, balconies and borders. Flowering varieties continues from mid-July until the first frost.
Inflorescences are bright red, compact bushes, well leafy.
Salvia shiny lavender color. The bushes of this sage are compact, reaching a maximum of 25-30 cm in height. The spikelets are short and thick, and the leaves are long and sharp.
Not only the Salvia Rio inflorescences are painted in a purple shade, but also its tetrahedral stem.
This variety of Salvia sparkling is one of the most common. Splendes inflorescence pinkish-lilac. Bushes are compact, densely leafy, reaching a height of 30 cm.
The flower loves light and moisture. Pleases with its flowering from mid-summer to late autumn.
The shape of a bush at Sharma is reverse pyramidal, the bushes are compact, densely leafy, reaching a height of 30 cm.
Variety Salvii Sharm refers to short, so the growing season with him is only 60-65 days. Sage seedlings can be planted in the ground at the beginning of May, and it will bloom all summer, until the first frost.
Attention! There are several varieties of this variety: Salvia Charm cherry, pink, purple, lavender. Characteristics of these flowers are the same, they differ only in the shade of inflorescences.
A peculiarity of this variety Salvia are the colored bracts painted with different colors: they can be blue, white, purple or pink. Bushes are compact, their maximum height is 50 cm.
Salvia Horuminum also loves heat, abundant watering and sunshine, but, unlike other species, this variety is able to withstand low temperatures. The plant begins to bloom 70 days after germination.
Very compact (up to 25 cm high) bushes are suitable for cultivation on balconies and in miniature flower beds. Dwarf's peculiarity is an unusually motley and juicy bloom.
Pyramidal inflorescences can be painted in a deep red shade - Dwarf red, or in a combination of red and white colors - Dwarf mix.
Cultivation of sage culture
Salvia brilliant - unpretentious plant. All that this flower needs is water, sun, loose soil and warmth. Therefore, the main task of the grower is to provide the plant with all the necessary conditions. Sage does not require special care, it can withstand almost any "whims" of the weather, from drought to high humidity.
First of all, it is necessary to grow seedlings, as Salvia in the middle zone is grown only by seedling. Sowing seeds should be carried out in February, because flowering will begin only 2-3 months after the emergence of shoots.
For the landing of Salvia, small containers are being prepared, at the bottom of which small clay or other drainage material is poured. Top lay loose and nourishing soil, which is best purchased at a flower shop. The soil is heated at room temperature. The next day, Salvia seeds are sown and sprayed with a spray gun.
Tip! Since sage seeds are very small, it is recommended to mix them with coarse river sand before planting.
After sowing, the seeds are simply pressed down with a hand and covered with a wrap. At a temperature of 20-25 degrees, sage seeds must be kept for several days until shoots appear.
The film is removed, put the boxes on the windowsill and wait until the seedlings grow older. By the way, it is necessary to illuminate light-loving sage not less than 12 hours a day, therefore phytolamps will be needed.
In the stage of the two true leaves of Salvia, the sparkling one needs to dive. Soil take the same, but the containers should be a little deeper. Immediately after picking, the boxes are covered with paper, which can be removed in 2-3 days.
Tip! To sage bushes were thick, and flowering - abundant, it is recommended to pinch the growth point on the seedlings immediately after the appearance of three pairs of true leaves.
Salvia is transferred to the ground when the weather stabilizes and the threat of recurrent frosts is bypassed. This is usually done in May. The planting pattern is dense - 20x20 or 25x25 cm. The soil needs loose, well-permeable air. Land for Salvia pick sunny, protected from drafts.
It is very easy to care for a shiny Salvia, it is quite possible even for a beginning florist:
- Watering during periods of drought. Usually sage has enough natural rainfall, but in very dry summers it is necessary to water a flower bed occasionally to freshen the flowers.
- Weeds are dangerous for young plants, so until the sage seedlings are strong, the grass is removed regularly. Subsequently, sufficient loosening of the soil after each rain or watering.
- You can mulch the soil, if it does not break the composition on the flowerbed. Mulch will save Salvia from drying out and protect it from weeds.
- A couple of times over the summer flowers need to feed the complex mineral fertilizer. It is better to dilute the fertilizer in the water.
Attention! You can collect sage seeds from your own flower bed, it is important not to miss the moment. Small black seeds of seeds fall off very quickly. The best time to collect the seeds is mid-autumn, when the spikelets turn brown and start to fade. Salvia inflorescences are cut and put in a box for drying.
You should not plant Salvia sparkling in shaded places or under tall plants - in such conditions it will not bloom. Otherwise, sage is very unpretentious and able to withstand a lot.
Salvia is brilliant - a great option for both beginner gardeners, and for experienced landscape designers. This flower is unpretentious, but very bright and noticeable. It will be an excellent addition to flower beds, borders and rabatok, cultural sage can decorate balconies and verandas, grow it in vases and drawers.
How to grow Salvia, described above - it is not difficult. It remains only to determine the type of flower, because there are many varieties of sage.