Experienced gardeners claim that it is better to plant roses in the fall. At this time, there are all the necessary conditions that will help the young seedling to take root and settle down in a new place. In the fall it often rains, so no need to worry about watering. In addition, the proper humidity of the air and the heated to the desired level of soil contribute to successful rooting. But no matter how favorable the conditions, much depends on the gardener. This article will look at how the roses are planted with an open root system in the fall.
Selection of suitable seedlings
Shrubs for planting is better to buy in specialized stores. Of course, you can order seedlings on the Internet, but it will not be possible to look at their condition. Shrubs with an open root system are cheaper. But it is important to remember that such seedlings must be planted in the near future.Attention! When buying seedlings need to carefully inspect the root system.
Roots should not be dry or with signs of rotting. A healthy root system always develops proportionally, and also has a natural, uniform color. A good seedling should have at least 3 main shoots. The thorns and stems have a uniform green color and glossy shine.
If you buy bushes with a closed root system, you must see how tightly the earthen room is attached to the root system and container. A healthy shrub has a large number of young branches, which are fresh green leaves.
Choosing a site for growing roses
The seedling will take root well, and will actively grow only in the correctly selected area. At the same time it is necessary to consider some requirements. The fact is that a rose is a rather capricious plant, for which you need to create suitable conditions.
Rose loves warmth and sunshine. Therefore, to grow the "Queen of Flowers" choose only well-lit places. On the north side, the flower garden can be covered with buildings, as long as the south side is completely open. Bushes should not be blown by winds from all sides. In addition, the rose does not grow well in shady places. For this reason, the plant is not planted near trees and lush bushes.Attention! Rose bushes will not grow well in moist clayey soil.
The level of groundwater in the area with roses should not be too high. Moisture stagnation can cause root rot. In such conditions, roses just die. What kind of soil is suitable for growing roses?
There are 3 main criteria:
- loose fertile soil;
- soil acidity level - slightly acidic;
- sufficient amount of mineral and organic fertilizers.
To plant seedlings, you need to prepare a plot in advance. To do this, they carefully dig up. At this stage, you can make mineral fertilizers. The amount of nutrients is determined by the instructions. A month before planting a bush, it is necessary to fertilize the soil with compost or humus.
The right technology of planting roses
Probably the most important thing in planting roses is the choice of a specific date. It depends on whether young seedlings will have time to settle down to the beginning of frosts. In the southern regions, it is customary to plant roses from the beginning of October to the middle of the month. In the middle lane, this period falls in the middle of September - the first weeks of October. In areas with a cold climate, plants are trying to plant until the end of September.
If you plant the roses too early, then the foliage may actively begin to grow on the bushes, and the frosts will catch the plants at the most inappropriate moment when the young shoots are still very tender. If, on the contrary, to plant seedlings later, the bushes simply do not have time to settle down and can freeze during the first night frosts.
Attention! Planting roses in rainy weather is not advised, it is better to wait for a more sunny day.
It happens that the weather changes dramatically, and severe frosts begin. In this case, plant roses is not advised. Saplings in containers can be placed on the glazed balcony. The main thing is that the air temperature in such a room does not fall below 0 ° C. A bush with an open root system is better to plant in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
How to prepare a sapling
Planting roses begins with the preparation of the seedlings themselves. Shrubs with an open root system should be left for a day in a bucket of water. If you are going to plant roses from special containers, then no preparation is needed. After that, from the bushes cut off all damaged and dry branches. It is also necessary to remove the leaves and shoots from the plant, leaving about 30 centimeters.Important! Before planting, the root system is shortened to 25 cm.
Rotten and dry roots should be removed. At the cut, the white core should be visible, which means that live wood has begun. For prevention, you can spray a sapling with a solution (3%) of iron sulphate. This is done to make the plant less sick. And the roots themselves should be lowered into a special “mash”. It is prepared from mullein and clay (for 200 grams of clay they take 100 grams of mullein).
How are roses planted
First you need to dig a hole. For one or two bushes dig separate pits. If you are going to plant a large number of roses, it will be more convenient to dig a trench. The hole in diameter must be at least 40 cm, depending on the size of the root system. In the fall, roses should be planted deep (60 to 70 cm), since the topsoil freezes faster.
You also need to determine the distance between the bushes. It all depends on the particular variety of roses:
- Polyantovye roses are planted at a distance of about 40 cm.
- For hybrid tea, a minimum of 60 cm is required.
- Repairers will feel good at a distance of about 70 cm.
- Park varieties must be located at a distance of 1 m from each other.
In case the ground is rather heavy, special drainage should be placed at the bottom of the pit. To do this, the bottom surface is lined with a layer of broken brick or pebbles. Such drainage should be no more than 2-3 cm in thickness. Next, you need to gently straighten the root system on the bottom. To do this, you can pour a little soil in the middle of the pit, and then put a seedling on it and lower the roots down.
Important! The root neck of 5 cm should be recessed into the ground. Standard roses deepen 10 cm.
Each layer of soil is slightly compacted so that there are no air cavities in the ground. After that, the seedling generously watered. For this, you may need about 2 buckets of liquid. After the moisture is absorbed, it is advisable to mulch the soil. In the autumn, such a procedure can save the bushes from temperature changes. Still wet the soil sprinkled with dry soil a little, and then spend hilling peat bushes. The height of the embankment should be at least 20 cm. Compost or hay is also suitable for this purpose.
Preparing for the winter
It is important not only to plant the roses correctly, but also to properly cover them for the winter. This is especially true in regions where winter is very cold and frosty. In order to reliably insulate the shelter, it is necessary to make a special framework of metal rods around the plant. Also, instead of them, you can use the usual wooden pegs, which are simply dug into the ground. Then the design is covered with a special material. This may be lutrasil or agrofibre. Shelter must be properly attached with wire so that it is not blown away by the wind. When snow falls, the shelter can be additionally covered with a thick snowdrift.Important! As soon as it gets warmer, the shelter must be removed so that the bush does not get out.
As we could see, planting roses is a rather troublesome business. It is necessary to choose a good planting material, prepare a sapling and soil, dig a hole of the right size, carry out the mulching of the soil and carefully cover the bush for the winter. Only by doing all this you can achieve good results. But what a pleasure it will be when the bush planted in autumn will blossom the next year, delighting everyone around with its fragrance and beauty.