Garlic is present in almost every kitchen in the world. In the middle lane, as a rule, winter varieties of this crop are grown. So, you can grow large garlic heads with evenly spaced large teeth. However, summer or spring varieties are better kept, so many gardeners plant them on their plots. Spring garlic is planted at the beginning of spring, and the harvest is in the middle of August.
For the good preservation of the heads, it is not enough just to plant the culture in time and take care of it, but also to dig garlic heads out of the soil in a timely manner. And for this, in turn, it is important to know the signs and timing of plant ripening. This article will discuss when garlic is harvested in the middle lane.
Why is it important to harvest correctly and in time?
There are several reasons why it is important to harvest in time and properly:
- If the culture overrides, it will go into re-growth, will start to give shoots, as a result of which the scales will collapse, which will negatively affect the keeping quality of the product.
- When digging garlic heads ahead of time, their teeth will be too soft. Although with proper drying such a crop can be saved. Some gardeners prefer to collect garlic before, to avoid the possibility of over ripening.
- If you give the crop to ripen, then the cover scale will crack and the teeth will be without husk. Such garlic bulbs become unusable by January.
Signs of ripening garlic
In order not to harvest a culture sooner or later, it is important to know how to recognize the time of culture maturation. There are a number of factors to consider:
- In the middle lane, garlic harvesting dates are in the middle of July. Often gardeners are guided by the religious holiday of Peter and Paul, who celebrate the 12th.
- The weather can also affect the ripening time of garlic bulbs. For example, in the hot summer they are dug out in early August, and in the rainy season - in early July.
- One should not focus only on mathematical calculations based on the length of the growing season of a particular variety. It is also important to take into account external signs of maturation, evident in the above-ground part of the culture.
- Of course, the bulk of the arrows must be removed, but you can leave 1 control copy. The fact is that when ripe, the heads of the wrapper on the inflorescences of the arrows crack, and the arrows themselves straighten.
- If the lower leaves of the culture have turned yellow and dried, then this is a sure sign of head ripening.
- The skin of garlic bulbs, which are fully ripe drier and thinner. It is easy to separate from Zubkov.
- Ripe garlic cloves are easy to separate.
Tips to speed up the ripening of garlic
In a series of seasonal works, it is important to remember to take care of garlic. If the green mass began to fade, then tie it in a knot. In this case, the tops will stop growing and all nutrients will be stored in the garlic heads.
In early July, the soil should be removed from the heads of garlic so that they bare about a third. This approach will warm the garlic in the sun. As a result, the teeth will increase in size, as well as their keeping quality.
If you have planted an unstretched variety of garlic, then the yellowed tops and softened neck of the stem will help determine the readiness of the crop for harvesting. You can also visually monitor the status of garlic heads. So, from the middle of July, once a week, dig 1-2 heads. Dug cloves can be used for cooking.
There are some gardeners who determine the harvest period according to the lunar calendar. So, select the date of removal of garlic from the beds, which is considered the most favorable for storing heads.Important! It is necessary to carry out the cleaning work only on a fine day. So, the crop dries faster and does not lose its useful properties.
In order not to damage the roots, garlic must be dug up before removing it from the soil. After drying, garlic can be woven into bundles, with which many decorate their homes. Larger heads of garlic last longer, which means they should be left for later. Small heads should be used for cooking in the first place, as they are poorly preserved.Important! The optimal storage temperature of garlic + 1 + 2. Seeds are better stored at zero temperature.
If you have determined that the crop has matured, you should start digging it. However, it is important to follow some rules:
- For cleaning the heads you need to use a garden tool. To minimize damage to garlic help forks. This is important, since damaged heads quickly rot, due to the development of pathogenic viruses and microorganisms on cuts and scratches.
- The first moisture from garlic can be removed when drying the heads on the beds in the sun. So, they can lie in the garden no more than two days. To the crop is not wet from the night dew, it can be covered with plastic wrap or removed overnight in the barn.
- A well-dried crop has dry leaves. They can be used to make a garlic wreath or scythe. But, if you do not plan to do this, then remove the stems, leaving a small tail, equal to 3-4 cm.
- Sort the heads. Remove patients, separate the planting material and heads that will be used for cooking. Damaged garlic will not survive until the next harvest, however, it can be refrigerated and used for cooking.
So, if you want to grow a bountiful harvest of garlic, then follow the rules outlined in this article. It is important to plant a crop in time and harvest. It is also necessary to correctly determine the ripening period of the heads and dry them properly. These recommendations will help you learn gardening in the shortest possible time, so listen to them. We also invite you to view a video on when and how to harvest garlic: