Garden

Growing basil from seeds at home

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Growing basil on a seed sill is a rather exciting activity for both experienced and novice gardeners. This plant can be used not only as a seasoning, but also as an ingredient in many recipes for natural cosmetics. It grows well in greenhouse conditions, so getting a good harvest right in the apartment is not such a difficult task.

Is it possible to grow basil on the windowsill

Basil is a long-known and popular plant used as a fragrant spice for many products. It is believed that for the first time basil was introduced to Europe from India, where it was used as a culinary seasoning. Later, this plant began to be used for therapeutic and cosmetic purposes. The composition of the basil includes a large amount of essential oils, this explains its unique flavor.

You can grow basil at home on a windowsill, but not all varieties are suitable for this. There are many species of this plant with large leaves. Under the conditions of an apartment, due to the lack of sunlight, they will receive less of the substances necessary for growth, so they can only be grown by experienced gardeners who know how to fill this deficit. Beginners should pay attention to small-leaved varieties, not so demanding to the conditions of growth.

Which variety to choose for growing basil at home

The following varieties are suitable for growing basil on the windowsill in winter:

  • Baku;
  • Clove scent;
  • Yerevan;
  • Marquis.

After the first home basil growing experiments are successful, you can move on to more demanding varieties.

How to grow basil at home

There are several ways to grow basil at home. It is best to use a window sill or balcony for this. You can grow a plant from:

  • seeds;
  • cuttings;
  • transplanting an adult plant.

The latter method is suitable for those who are engaged in the cultivation of this plant in their country house. For the transplant choose young shoots that have not yet bloomed. They are transplanted into separate pots and subsequently grown at home, placing them on window sills or on a balcony. Cuttings can be taken from an adult plant, rooted and then regularly updated. Seed method - the longest, it may require 7-8 months to grow a full-fledged bush.

Selection and preparation of capacity

For planting, you can use any capacity, however, when planting in small dishes, the seedlings will then have to dive, which is undesirable. Therefore, for the cultivation of basil on the windowsill, it is more expedient to immediately use containers of significant size, such as large flower pots or plastic containers. This will relieve further from unnecessary work, and plants - from stress.

Important! Estimated soil rate per 1 bush of basil is not less than 1.5 l.

Soil preparation

At the bottom of the container or pot, in which the basil bush will grow, a layer of drainage is laid (expanded clay, large pebbles), and the containers themselves are filled with a nutrient substrate. You can buy it or make it yourself by mixing sod earth with humus in the ratio of 1: 1. Sometimes the substrate is prepared from a mixture of peat and humus, mixing the components in a ratio of 2: 1.

Seed preparation

As the seed material can be used cuttings or seeds. Cuttings are obtained from an adult plant, cutting off its top and side shoots. Then they are placed for 1.5-2 weeks in water. After the appearance of the roots, the cuttings are planted in containers for permanent growth.

Seeds before planting must be decontaminated. To do this, they are kept for 2 hours in a solution of potassium permanganate. It is preferable to plant seeds that have already sprouted. To do this, they are placed in a wet gauze (or placed between two wet cotton pads) and kept for several days in a place with elevated air temperature, for example, near a radiator of hot-water heating. When planting such seeds should be extremely careful.

Landing rules

The nutrient soil is moistened before planting, and then the seeds are planted, deepening them no more than 1 cm. After planting, the container is closed with plastic wrap or glass. Sprouted cuttings after planting do not need to close.

Important! When using a common container (if further picking of the seedlings is planned), it is necessary to observe the intervals, leaving a distance of 7-10 cm between neighboring plants.

Departure after landing

In order to properly grow and develop, basil requires the presence of moisture, light and heat. In the summer, problems usually do not arise. When grown in the winter on the windowsill, the plants need to be illuminated with the help of artificial lighting devices, thereby increasing the daylight hours by 3-4 hours. The temperature in the room must be maintained within + 20-28 ° C.

Basil grown both in the open field and on the windowsill requires regular watering, but it is not necessary to re-moisten the soil. It is better to do it in the morning hours, using the settled warm water. On hot days, you can add extra watering in the evening. In addition, the plant itself must be regularly sprayed with water. Do not forget about loosening the soil, which must be done constantly.

If the soil is poor, then the plants from time to time need to be fed using liquid fertilizers based on humates. As soon as the bush grows up, it is necessary to pinch its top. This contributes to the formation of lateral shoots and the growth of the bush in breadth.

Important! Basil does not tolerate drafts, so the plant should be removed from the window sill during airing the room, especially in winter.

Features of growing basil on the balcony

When using a balcony for growing basil, you must first ensure a constant temperature. Therefore, artificial heating is necessary in winter, and in summer it is necessary to ensure that the plants do not overheat. Basil can be grown on the balcony with other plants. Neighbors for him can be, for example, pepper or asparagus.

Optimal conditions for growing basil at home

Basil belongs to subtropical plants, and this region is characterized by high temperature and humidity. Providing such conditions in a city apartment is not easy. Therefore, often the pots in which the basil is grown at home are additionally warmed, wrapping them with heat insulating material.

A huge plus would be the installation of additional lighting, for example, fitolamps for seedlings or at least just fluorescent lamps. With their help, you can provide the optimal light mode. To constantly maintain the required level of humidity, basil bushes are sprayed with warm water using a spray bottle. In winter, when the humidity in the apartment is at a very low level, this is especially true.

Disease protection

At home, basil is sick much less often than when grown in the garden. However, in case of violation of care on the bushes, gray mold or fusarium can be formed. The cause of the occurrence is considered to be waterlogging. Therefore, you should try not to allow excessive waterlogging and stagnation of water in the roots. Affected leaves and shoots should be removed immediately to prevent the spread of the disease.

Harvesting

For culinary and cosmetic purposes, basil leaves are used. After 1.5-2 months after planting seedlings to a permanent place, you can begin to pick them off. The leaves are cut from the top and side of the plant, and you should always leave at least 5-6 leaves on the stem. You can not pinch the basil near the root, this can destroy the whole bush.

Important! For harvesting it is best to use scissors, this method hurts the plant less than cutting the leaves with your hands.

Conclusion

Growing basil on a window sill of seeds is an opportunity all year round to provide not only a fragrant seasoning, but also an effective component for cosmetics. There is nothing difficult in this process. It is only necessary to follow certain rules and regularly carry out activities for the care of plants.

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