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Perennial shrubs for the garden and garden: names with photos

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Perennial shrubs are a great option for decorating the dacha landscape. After all, these plants retain their decorative throughout the season and require an annual transplant.

Flowering shrubs at certain times are covered with many beautiful and fragrant flowers, which looks even more spectacular than just lush green.

Photos and names of flowering shrubs perennials help gardeners to determine the variety of flowers, choose the most suitable plants for your site.

How to choose the type of flowering shrubs

Not all shrubs can take root absolutely in any conditions, so when choosing colors it is necessary to take into account the features of the site. When choosing garden flowers, you must consider the following factors:

  1. The frost resistance of the bush is very important, especially in the northern regions of the country. If practically all varieties of perennial shrubs can grow in the south, then Siberia and the Urals will have to pick the most frost-resistant varieties.
  2. The need to shelter a bush for the winter period should also concern the gardener, because it requires certain skills, special material and, of course, time
  3. The way to care for the bushes is no less important. This question is especially interesting for summer residents who visit their site only on weekends. As a rule, perennials do not need complex care: they only need watering and fertilizer.
  4. Removal of peduncles may be mandatory or not, you need to know about this part even at the stage of shrub selection
  5. The composition of the soil significantly affects the flowering of certain perennials. Some shrubs are suitable only fertile soils, some of them feel great on clay or sandy lands, there are those that can grow on stones.
  6. The duration of "life" is called the period during which the bush will bloom and delight the owners of the site with its beauty. As a rule, gardeners prefer shrubs long-livers who do not need to be replanted for several years or decades.
  7. The height and volume of the crown of a shrub, the branching of its root system are also necessarily taken into account when buying plants, because a perennial shrub must fit in the space reserved for it.

Tip! When choosing perennial shrubs for your plot, you must take into account the maximum size of the crown and roots, which the plant will reach in the maturity stage.

Park Rose

This perennial is also called "shrub rose". You can plant this plant in several ways:

  • cuttings;
  • seeds;
  • layering;
  • seedlings.

In fact, the shrub is a cultivated dogrose, blooming profusely and long, and bearing fruit at the end of the season.

The best soil for park roses is clay soil with a high content of humus. This shrub likes light soils, if the soil on the site is too heavy, you need to add a little peat or sawdust. It is necessary to plant rose bushes in well-lit open areas, in the shade of buildings or trees, roses start to ache and bloom very poorly. Care for the bushes of park roses should be as follows:

  • fertilize (especially young bushes) several times per season;
  • you need to water the roses, but do it with caution - these flowers do not like excessive moisture;
  • the land around the bush regularly need to loosen;
  • The rose grafted on the dog rose must be cut correctly so that the shrub does not run wild and form normally;
  • many varieties and absolutely all young shrubs need to be sheltered for the winter, for this the earth around the stems is spud, and the shoots are wrapped in thick paper;
  • For some varieties of park roses, it is important to cut off faded peduncles, otherwise fresh buds will not appear.

Jasmine

This shrub is often confused with chubushnik - both plants have similar flowers, different beauty and unsurpassed aroma. Planted jasmine better in early spring or autumn.

There are several ways to do this:

  • seeds;
  • seedlings;
  • layering;
  • cuttings;
  • division of the bush.

Jasmine loves the sun, however, it is better to avoid areas with direct sunlight throughout the day. For this shrub humidity and temperature is very important.

In winter and autumn, jasmine needs a lower temperature than in summer and spring, which is great for the domestic climate.

Many varieties of jasmine are cold-resistant - this bush will not have to be covered for the winter period. Perennial blooms in June, July. Blossoming very plentiful, inflorescences of a white or cream shade, with pronounced exotic aroma. The height of the shrub usually does not exceed two meters.

To bloom jasmine was abundant and lush, perennial shrub should be fed with humus, well watered, cut dry shoots and remove weeds.

Lilac

Probably not in Russia such a person who has never seen a lilac. This is a universal shrub, which is decorated with garden and summer cottages of all regions of the country.

The shrub is extremely unpretentious, it can be grown on any soils (but does not like sandy soils very much), and tolerates even extreme cold.

For proper development and formation of the bush, it is necessary to regularly cut off the root growth and remove faded racemes of the inflorescences.

The strong floral scent of lilac bushes is familiar to everyone; you will not confuse this smell with anything. Today, many varieties of this shrub have been selected: with double flowers, with multi-colored petals, with flowers ranging from snow-white to rich burgundy.

It is recommended to grow lilac in a well-lit area, plant it better in spring or autumn. It is very important for the shrub to regularly water and preserve the soil moisture, so the ground around the stems must be mulched or loosened.

Tip! Experienced gardeners recommend watering lilac shrubs to abundantly wet the foliage itself, and not just the ground around the bush.

Forsythia

Perennial shrub that blooms one of the first in the garden. Bright yellow inflorescences in the form of bells appear on forsythia branches earlier than green foliage - this is the uniqueness of the shrub.

It is recommended to plant bushes on well-lit, protected from strong winds garden plots. Well, if around the bush will be enough free space. The forsythia usually grows to a height of 1.5–2 meters in height, and has a rather spreading crown.

You do not need to water this shrub too often and abundantly - the risk of rotting of the roots is high. Fertilize the plant to need rotted manure. Old shoots should be cut so that they continue to grow with the new spring. Also pruned form the crown of the shrub and get rid of dry branches.

The plant prefers nutrient soils, characterized by friability, saturated with oxygen. In the first years after planting, the forsythia is sheltered for the winter; for this, the branches of the bush are pinned to the ground and wrapped in insulation.

It is necessary to dig up the earth around the bush for about half a dozen shovels. So, the soil and roots of forzition will be saturated with oxygen.

Important! For the Forsythia shrub, a small drought is much more favorable than excessive moisture.

Weigela

Very interesting perennial shrub. First, it belongs to deciduous species, secondly, the shade of flowers changes from pale pink to rich fuchsia, and, third, weigela blooms twice during one season (in May and August).

Planted shrubs in the spring, until the buds bloomed. The place is chosen sunny, warm, protected from drafts and wind. Land suitable loamy or sandy. If several weigel bushes are planted next to each other, the interval between them should be no less than 1.5 meters, otherwise the plants will not have enough air, nutrients and moisture - the flowering of the shrub will become less abundant.

Watering perennial shrubs should be plentiful, especially not to forget about watering on hot days. To cut off the old shoots, too thickened crown is necessary once every three years. Do it in the spring, until the buds and flowers bloom. Every spring the shrub is fed with urea, superphosphate and potassium.

Weigela is a heat-loving shrub, so it must be covered for the winter. Use for this dry leaves, fir spruce or sawdust. From above cover a bush with a film or polymeric covering material.

Hydrangea

This shrub is quite capricious, especially with regard to the level of moisture and soil composition. For planting bushes choose a place in the penumbra, as in the sun the hydrangea foliage will be sluggish.

It is possible to plant shrubs in spring or autumn, in cold regions it is better to do this in the spring, so that before the onset of winter cold the bush is completely strong and has grown a bit.

Watering hydrangea bushes will have at least twice a week, for each adult bush will have to pour 30-50 liters of warm water. To the ground under the bush does not dry, it is better to mulch (peat or sawdust). If you do not do this, you will have to dig up the earth around the bush at least three times per season.

Pruning faded blossoms required for hydrangea. It is also necessary to cut the young twigs every spring to stimulate their growth and give the desired shape to the crown.

In preparation for the winter period, in autumn the hydrangea is pruned to the fourth kidney - this will ensure the density of the bush for the next season and protect it from freezing. After the first frost shrub spud and mulch adjacent to the hydrangea area.

Brugmansia

Very interesting plant of the family Solanaceae. This shrub grows like a vine, its height can reach five meters. The inflorescences are very large - their length is about 50 cm, their shape resembles pointed bells.

It is necessary to water a bush daily - the liana loves moisture very much. At the same time, it is also necessary to spray the foliage, trying to prevent water from falling into the opened flowers. Water for watering the bush should be warm.

Brugmansiya need to be planted in the penumbra, to protect the bushes from the wind and drafts. During the flowering period, the branches become very heavy, it is better to strengthen them with supports. Top dressing is very important for flowering shrubs, it is performed by complex fertilizers throughout the summer season.

Results

Choosing shrub perennial for your site, first of all, you need to find a place for a new flower. After all, bushes can be quite high, they need a certain level of light, humidity.

For lush flowering absolutely all shrubs, at least occasionally, need to be fed. However, you should not abuse the mineral fertilizers - this can lead to excessive planting of the bush, and flowering, on the contrary, will become scarce.

It is better to plant perennial shrubs on the territory of Russia in spring, so the plants will be able to grow and get stronger before the onset of frost. In the first few years after disembarking, young bushes are best covered for the winter, using vapor-permeable material.

Simple rules of care and landing will help decorate the garden with spectacular shrubs, which for several seasons will please the owner with abundant flowering and sweet aroma of bushes.

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