With proper organization of the cultivation process, homemade strawberries are able to produce crops year-round. Plants require a certain lighting, temperature, humidity, moisture and nutrients.
For the cultivation of strawberries, you can choose the traditional way when the plants are planted in containers. Modern technologies make it possible to grow in special bags or use nutrient mixtures.
Planting in pots
The easiest option, how to grow strawberries, is planting it in containers. For planting plants will require pots with a volume of 3 liters. If you use a long container, you can plant several seedlings in a row at a distance of 20 cm. Containers must have openings for water flow.
Strawberry containers are placed horizontally or vertically. If you hang the container vertically, you can significantly save free space.
Growing in bags
For growing strawberries, you can buy ready-made bags or make them yourself. This will require bags of sugar or flour. Capacities choose high and small diameter. The use of bags provides year-round cultivation of strawberries.
After filling the bag with primer they make slots for planting strawberries. Between plants leave a distance of 20 cm. Bags with seedlings are placed on racks or hung vertically.
The use case of the bag is shown in the photo:
Growing strawberries in hydroponics does not involve the use of soil. Plants receive nutrients from special solutions that are prepared for watering. The method does not require large expenditures and is characterized by high efficiency.
Hydroponic cultivation has the following varieties:
- Strawberry planting in a substrate of mineral wool, peat or coconut. The substrate is placed in a film and placed on a pallet, on which excess nutrient mixture is collected.
- The use of the nutrient layer. Plants are planted in glasses, where holes are equipped. Under the containers organize the flow of the nutrient mixture. When the strawberry roots grow to the nutrient layer, the plant will receive the necessary substances.
- The use of the aquatic environment. Strawberry bush is placed on the foam located above the container with the nutrient mixture. Due to excessive moisture, this method of hydroponics at home is considered not the most successful.
- Aeroponica. Strawberry roots are placed in the fog, which generates a special device. As a result, plants absorb nutrients better.
Choice of varieties
For home cultivation choose remontantny or ampelnye varieties of strawberries, unpretentious in the care. Renovating varieties with quality care are able to bear fruit year-round with a break of several weeks.
Since the plant is under heavy stress, it may die after harvest. Therefore, it is better to plant several varieties to ripen the berries throughout the year.
Amppelnaya strawberry gives one harvest per season. The plant produces a lot of hanging shoots that can bloom and bear fruit without rooting.
The most suitable are the following varieties:
- Everest is a French variety that produces large and medium-sized berries with a sour-sweet pulp.
- Cardinal - dessert strawberries, resistant to diseases. Fruits of spindle shape, dessert taste are characteristic for the variety.
- Elizabeth II - one of the most popular varieties, giving large berries with a sweet taste.
- Albion is an elongated strawberry with good taste. With one bush you can get up to 2 kg of the crop.
- The temptation is an early ripe variety that is distinguished by large fruits. The plant brings a good harvest and different dessert taste.
- Merlan - ampelny variety, giving pink inflorescences. Berries are small, but in large quantities. The taste of the fruit is sweet and full.
Saplings can be purchased in specialized stores. Plants are purchased only from reputable manufacturers. With poor quality seedlings spread diseases and pests of plants.Important! From seeds to grow strawberries is quite difficult. Plants take a long time to build up the root system.
Seedlings can be taken from the dacha. Breeding strawberries produced by a mustache or by dividing the bush. For remontant plants, the rhizome division method is used.
Preparing for landing
For planting, you can use store soil for growing vegetables or flowers. If the soil is prepared independently, an equal amount of earth, sand and humus will be required. Strawberries prefer light soils, chernozem, loamy or sandy.
If the soil contains an increased amount of sand, then you can add a little peat when planting. To improve the properties of clay soil will help the use of coarse sand. All operations concerning the preparation of soil for room strawberries are carried out a week before planting.Tip! If the earth is taken from the dacha, then it must first be steamed or watered with a solution of potassium permanganate.
The container is filled to a third with a drainage layer (pebbles, expanded clay, crushed brick), then covered with earth. After planting, the plants are watered.
To grow strawberries at home, you need to follow the rules of caring for her. This includes lighting equipment, timely watering and fertilization. Additionally, you need to control the level of humidity and the temperature in the room, especially in winter.
To grow strawberries in greenhouses, you need to provide the plants with the necessary lighting. The taste qualities of berries and the time of their ripening depend on this. For the organization of lighting will require fluorescent lamps, allowing to provide a level of illumination close to natural.
At home, used LED lamps up to 50 watts. Strawberry planting should be covered for 14-16 hours. Lamps are placed in lamps and covered with foil. This ensures a uniform distribution of light for plants.
Other types of lamps are allowed:
- luminescent (for 2 llamas of warm light, one cold light lamp is needed);
- metal halide.
To increase the level of illumination, in the room where the plants are located, whitewashing of walls is performed, mirrors or aluminum foil are hung.
If planting strawberries are on the balcony, then the plants require additional exposure. At the end of a light day, the lamps are turned on for a certain time, so that the total duration of illumination is 14 hours.Tip! Additional lighting turns on before dawn or at dusk.
If the light day for strawberries is 16 hours, then it will take a week and a half to bloom. The first harvest from plants is obtained in a month.
Humidity and temperature
A certain level of humidity should be kept in the room - about 75%. If strawberries are grown in a residential area, then the moisture level can be increased by installing water tanks or spraying them periodically. To reduce this figure is possible by airing the room with plants.
Strawberries begin to develop only after the establishment of a stable temperature in the range of 18-24 degrees. If the room is warming up badly, especially in winter, then additional heating should be provided.
Strawberries prefer moderate watering. With a lack of moisture, plants dry out, slowly develop, form small fruits. Excess moisture adversely affects the taste properties of berries, which become more watery.
The organization of watering depends on the method of planting. If growing strawberries at home is done vertically, then drip irrigation is required. Capacities with water are placed above the level of a pot with strawberries, after which thin tubes are installed from them. Along the length of the tubes, holes are made, due to which watering is performed.
The advantage of drip irrigation is a uniform distribution of moisture. This method is economical and allows you to control water consumption.Tip! If you put a micropomp into the system, then the plants will receive a fixed volume of liquid.
Small areas of planting can be watered manually. Be sure to use warm water, which plants are watered at the root. The procedure is carried out in the morning or evening period.
Fertilization and pollination
Strawberries at home receive less nutrients than when grown in open space. Therefore, fertilization is a mandatory step in planting care.
Strawberry feeding is done once every two weeks. Especially high is the need of plants for useful substances during flowering and the end of fruiting. Organic fertilizers (bird dung, mullein, humates) or special mineral complexes are chosen for feeding.
Growing strawberries at home all year round involves the pollination of plants. If the variety does not belong to self-pollinating, then the procedure is carried out manually. To do this, use the usual brush or sent to the landing air flow from the fan.
You can grow strawberries at home in various ways. Be sure to choose unpretentious varieties that can yield in all conditions. To obtain a crop, the plants are irrigated, illuminated and fertilized.
How to grow strawberries at home is described in the video: