Growing and caring for hawthorn of any kind is so simple that it can be safely planted in areas rarely visited. At the same time the culture will still look attractive. Hawthorn is beautiful from spring to late autumn, it is grown as an ornamental plant. Medicinal properties recognized by official medicine, berries and flowers are widely used in the treatment of heart disease and as a sedative. Hawthorn fruits are edible. Especially tasty and large berries ripen in garden varieties and North American species.
Hawthorn: tree or shrub
The genus Hawthorn (Crataegus) belongs to the Pink family and is a deciduous (rarely semi-evergreen) small trees or large shrubs. The culture is common in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, its range extends from 30⁰ to 60⁰. According to some data, there are 231 types of hawthorn, according to others - 380. The average life of the plant is 200-300 years, but there are instances that are more than four centuries old.
Growing culture in places, even a little lit by the sun - on scree, forest edges, clearings, clearings. Different species of hawthorn can be found in light forests and thickets of bushes. In the dense shadow of densely located trees, he will not be able to survive. The relief and composition of the soil has little effect on the hawthorn.
Most often, the culture grows as a low tree with a height of 3-5 m, often forms several trunks about 10 cm in diameter, which makes it look like a bush. Some species, for example, Douglas hawthorn, under favorable conditions reach 10-12 m with a girth of the main shoot up to 50 cm. The crown is dense, densely leafy, rounded, often asymmetric.
Branches, wood, spines
On the main trunk and old skeletal branches of the hawthorn bark gray-brown, rough, covered with cracks, in some species exfoliate. Young shoots are straight or curved zigzag, purple-brown, smooth and shiny depending on the type. Annual growth - the same color or greenish-olive, slightly pubescent.
Hawthorn branches are covered with rare spines (short modified shoots). At first they are green and relatively soft, then woody and eventually become so hard that they can be used instead of nails. On the European species, the spines are small, may be absent altogether. North American spines differ by 5-6 cm, but this is not the limit, for example, in Arnold hawthorn, they reach a length of 9 cm. But the record holder is Krupnokomyrchukovy - 12 cm.
The hawthorn wood is very hard; its small diameter of the trunk prevents its industrial use. Depending on the species, it may be whitish-pink, reddish, yellow-red. The core is red or black, with a brown tinge. On the trunk of an old hawthorn, nodules (caps) may form, whose wood has a special value due to the beauty of color and pattern.
All hawthorn leaves are 3-6 cm long with a width of 2-5 cm spirally arranged on the branches. Depending on the type, their shape may be ovoid or obovoid, rhombic, oval, orbicular. Plates - 3-7-lobed or solid. The edge is often pilchaty, with large teeth, rarely - smooth. Most species of hawthorn clears the stipules early.
The color of leaves is green, on top - dark, with a bluish bloom, below - light. They reveal quite late, in most regions, even in the south, not earlier than May. In many autumn haws, the color changes to red, orange, yellow. Some species of leaves fall green or brown.Comment! The longer the shoot, the larger the leaves grow on it.
If hawthorn is grown from seeds (and this is the main method of reproduction for all species), it begins to bloom no sooner than after 6 years. The buds bloom at the end of May, when the leaves are still not fully open, by the middle of June they fly around.
White or pink, and some garden varieties of hawthorn - red, flowers with a diameter of 1-2 cm have 5 petals. They are located at the ends of short shoots formed in the current year. In different types of hawthorn flowers can be single or collected in complex inflorescences - shields or umbrellas.
Especially beautiful looks, as seen in the photo, the hawthorn with bright pink flowers gathered in shields.
Pollination occurs mostly flies. They flock to the smell of dimethalamine, which some people call similar to stale meat, others the same as that of rotten fish.
Edible hawthorn fruits are often called berries, but in reality they are a small apple. The fruit of the same name has nothing to do with it.Reference! Botanist apple is considered to be an unopened fruit with many seeds, ripening in the plants of the subfamily Apple, belonging to the family Pink. It is characteristic of apple, hawthorn, pear, quince, medlar, cotone killer and rowan.
The fruits ripen in September and October. Depending on the type of hawthorn, they are round, elongated, sometimes pear-shaped. Most often, the color of apples is red, orange, sometimes - almost black. The bones are large, trihedral, hard, their number ranges from 1 to 5. As shown in the photo, the hawthorn from the shrub in some species does not crumble even after falling leaves, birds eat it in winter.
Interesting! Hawthorn - a culture that occupies the second place after a rowan in winter feeding of birds.
The size of the fruit also depends on the species. For example, in the blood-red hawthorn often found on the territory of Russia in the wild state, they do not exceed 7 mm. The apples of the large-fruited North American species reach 3-4 cm in diameter.
With one adult tree or shrub each year they harvest 10-50 kg. After ripening, the fruit taste is pleasant, sweet, and the flesh is mealy.Comment! Hawthorn is a valuable medicinal culture, in which all parts, especially flowers and fruits, have healing properties.
Common hawthorn species in Russia
Russia is home to more than 50 species of hawthorn, about a hundred more have been introduced. They feel quite well everywhere except in the tundra. As an ornamental and fruit plant, large-fruited North American species are most often cultivated, but domestic wild-growing hawthorn have great healing properties.
In Central and Central Asia, Altai Hawthorn (Crataegus altaica) is spread on stony and calcareous soils. This is a protected view. It grows as a tree up to 8 m with smooth branches, grayish-green foliage, white inflorescences and small (up to 2 cm) needles. The first hawthorn buds of this species appear early, at the age of six. Flowering is very short throughout the week, from late May to early June. Fruits are round, yellow shades, reach maturity in August.
A tree up to 6 m tall Arthold Hawthorn (Crataegus Arnoldiana) reaches its maximum height by 20 years. The species is native to the northeast United States. Hawthorn forms a rounded crown of medium density, the width and height of which is the same. Oval leaves up to 5 cm in size are green in summer and change color to yellow by autumn. White buds open in mid-May, and by the end of the month they fall. Fruits - red, thorns - 9 cm. The look differs in high resistance to frosts.
Fan or Fan
In northern America, in light forests on stony soils, Hawthorn fanlike (Crataegus flabellata) is common. It is a shade-tolerant, drought and frost-resistant look. Forms a multi-stemmed bush-like tree up to 8 m in size with straight vertical branches dotted with sparse thorns 6 cm long. The leafy plates are ovate, divided into lobes, serrate, white flowers, gathered together by 8-12 pieces, the fruits are red, the pulp is yellowish .
Daursky Hawthorn (Crataegus dahurica) grows in southeastern Siberia, along the shores of the Sea of Okhotsk, in Primorye and Amur Region, Northern China and Mongolia. It belongs to protected species, likes chalky grounds and well-lit places. Forms a tree or shrub of 2-6 m in size with small elongated, diamond-shaped or oval sheet plates, deeply cut, green, on top of a dark shade, below - light. White flowers in cross section of about 15 mm, fruits - red, round, with a diameter of 5-10 mm. The species has spikes of 2.5 cm.
North American species Douglas Hawthorn (Crataegus douglasii) grows from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. It is a moisture-loving shade-tolerant plant, resistant to low temperatures, preferring chalky soil.
The tree is 9–12 m in size with dark brown, exfoliating bark and dark green smooth leaves with little or no spines. Flowers are white, open in mid-May, showered until June 10th. The color of hawthorn fruit ripening by August and in cross section not exceeding 1 cm - from dark red to almost black. Begins flowering view after 6 years.
Hawthorn Yellow (Crataegus flava) grows on the dry sandy slopes in the southeastern United States. The species forms a tree with a size of 4.5 to 6 m, a trunk girth up to 25 cm with an asymmetric crown with a diameter of about 6 m. Young branches of hawthorn are green with a reddish tinge, adults become dark brown, old ones are grayish brown. Thorns up to 2.5 cm. Leaf plates 2-6 cm long (maximum 7.6 cm on large shoots), no more than 5 cm in cross section, round or oval, triangular at the stem, painted in a light green color. White flowers, 15-18 mm in size, pear-shaped orange-brown fruit, up to 16 mm long. The hawthorn ripens in October, the berries of the species crumble quickly.
Hawthorn Eurasian Meadow (Crataegus chlorosarca) often grows shrubs, rarely in the form of a tree with a pyramidal leafy crown, reaching a height of 4-6 m. It is distributed in Kamchatka, Kuriles, Sakhalin, in Japan. Loves light and chalky soils, the type of winter-resistance is high. Leaves lobed, ovate, with a pointed tip, widening at the petiole. Guards from white flowers dense. The black, palatable, round fruits of this hawthorn have green flesh and ripen in September on plants older than 9 years.
Spiny or Common
Almost throughout Europe, the Common Hawthorn, Smoothed or Prickly Hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata) is widespread in the wild. It forms a 4 m bush or a 5 m tree with branches covered with spikes and an almost round crown. The species tolerates low temperatures, shade, drought, pruning, grows slowly. Leaf plates no larger than 5 cm, 3-5 lobed, obovate, green in color, on top of a dark shade, from the bottom - a light one. This species lives up to 400 years. Flowers pink, white, with a diameter of 12-15 mm, collected in 6-12 pieces. Oval or round red fruits of up to 1 cm ripen in August.
Hawthorn Ordinary has many varieties, differing in color of flowers and fruits, the shape of the leaves. There are terry varieties.
Blood red or siberian
The most common medicinal species of hawthorn in Russia is Blood Red or Siberian (Crataegus sanguinea). Its area is the whole European part of Russia, Central Asia, the Far East, Western, Eastern Siberia. Guarded view, frost-resistant, light-loving. It is a tree or shrub 4-6 m in size. The bark is brown, the shoots are red-brown, the thorns are from 2 to 4 cm. The leaves are not larger than 6 cm, 3-7-lobed. Flowers of white color, combined in the flaps, revealed by the end of May and showered after 10 days. Round red fruits of the species ripen by the end of August at the age of 7 years.
Heat-loving species Hawthorn of Crimea (Crataegus taurica) is an endemic that grows in the east of the Kerch Peninsula. Differs hairy cherry shoots with variegated gray-brown bark and sparse spines about 1 cm in size, sometimes leafy. It forms a tree or shrub of no more than 4 m. The leaf plates are 3-5 lobed, dense, dark green, covered with hairs, 25-65 mm long. White flowers of hawthorn are collected in compact groups of 6-12 pieces. Round fruits of the form are red, up to 15 mm long, most often with two seeds reach maturity by the end of September - beginning of October.
Hawthorn Collifolia (Crataegus rotundifolia) - North American species, bush or tree no more than 6 m tall with a dense oval-shaped crown. Rounded, smooth from above dense leaves are cut by large teeth. They turn yellow in the fall earlier than any other species. Thorns green, up to 7 cm in size, become red in autumn. The flowers are white, in cross section up to 2 cm, grouped into 8-10 pieces, the fruits are red. This drought and frost resistant species is the most resistant to urban conditions and was one of the first to be introduced into culture.
Krupnopylnikovy or krupnokoricle
The American Hawthorn Krupnopylnikovy or Large-Fry (Crataegus macracantha) loves rich chalky soil, humid air and lighted places. The look completely corresponds to the name and differs in thorns in 12 cm which are densely covering branches and doing thickets impassable. It is a tree with a size of 4.5-6 m, rarely a shrub with an asymmetric rounded crown. Young branches of the species are zigzag, chestnut, shiny, old - gray or gray-brownish. The leaves are broadly oval, dark green, glossy, cut in the upper part of the lobes, by the autumn they become yellow-red and do not fall for a long time.
White flowers with a diameter of 2 cm unfold by the end of May, and fall off after 8-10 days. Large round berries are bright, red, with yellowish pulp ripen at the end of September.
In the open areas of Siberia and the Far East, the protected species grows - Hawthorn Maksimovic (Crataegus maximoviczii). It is a tree that grows up to 7 m, often in several trunks, which is why it looks like a shrub. Reddish-brown branches, almost devoid of thorns, become gray-brown with age. The leaves are rhomboid or oval, up to 10 cm in size, with clearly visible stipules, with hairs on both sides. White flowers with a cross-section of 1.5 cm are collected in tight shields, disclosed at the end of May, fall in 6 days. Round red fruits are first covered with a fluff, after ripening they become smooth. Full winter hardiness.
Hawthorn mild (Crataegus mollis) grows on fertile grounds in the valleys of North America. The view is most suitable for industrial wood extraction, the tree reaches 12 m, the trunk girth is 45 cm. Old branches, painted in all shades of gray and covered with small cracks, are arranged horizontally and form a symmetrical, almost round crown. Young shoots are reddish-brown, the annual growth is covered with white or brown hairs and convex lentils. Thorns 3-5 cm in size, slightly wrinkled leaves 3-5-lobed, alternate, wide-oval, with a rounded or heart-shaped base, 4 to 12 cm long, 4-10 cm wide. The flowers are large, up to 2.5 cm in cross-section, whites are revealed in April-May. By August-September pear-shaped or round fruits up to 2.5 cm in diameter, fiery-red in color, with well-marked dots ripen.
Softish or semi-soft
Hawthorn Softish or Polumyagous (Crataegus submollis) grows in the northeast and in the central part of North America. The species prefers moist chalky ground, resistant to cold and air pollution. It grows as a tree with a height of about 8 m with a thick umbrella-shaped crown. Old branches are light gray, young ones are green, there are many thorns up to 9 cm in size. Dark green leaves are tender, cut, become reddish-brown by autumn. Flowers up to 2.5 cm in cross-section, appearing after 6 years, are combined in shields of 10-15 pieces. Reddish-orange fruits ripen in September. They have good taste and large size - up to 2 cm.
Single or single-stick
The variety of garden varieties has a Hawthorn odnopistik (Crataegus monogyna) growing in the Caucasus, in the European part of Russia and Central Asia.Interesting! There are many varieties that are more resistant to low temperatures than the original plant.
The species lives up to 200-300 years, is protected by law, loves well-lit places and is distinguished by medium frost resistance. The species is a tree up to 6 m (rarely - about 8-12 m), with a rounded umbrella, almost symmetrical crown. The leaves are oval or rhombic, up to 3.5 cm long, about 2.5 cm wide. The flowers appear after 6 years, collected 10-18 pieces, fly around for 16 days. Fruits with a diameter of up to 7 mm are round, with one bone.
The most decorative varieties with double pink flowers grown on a trunk.
Peristone or Chinese
In China, Korea, and in the Far East of Russia, Hawthorn Peristonnadrezan (Crataegus pinnatifida), which is sometimes called Chinese, is growing. The view prefers bright places, but can put up with a light shadow, resistant to frost. It grows up to 6 m, the old bark is dark gray, the young shoots are green. This species is almost devoid of thorns; it is distinguished by bright green leaves covered with fine hairs. Small flowers are white, become pink before dropping out, collected in 20 pieces. Fruits are brilliant, rounded, bright red, up to 17 mm long.
Thermophilic protected species Hawthorn Pontic (Crataegus pontica) grows in the Caucasus and Central Asia, where it rises 800-2000 m to the mountains. It prefers chalky soil, a bright place, tolerates drought and air pollution well. It forms powerful roots, therefore in the southern regions a culture is used as anchoring slopes.
Вид живет до 150-200 лет, растет медленно, не превышает 6-7 м. Крона плотная, раскидистая, листья крупные, сизо-зеленого цвета, 5-7-лопастные, опушенные. Цветки белые, появляются после 9 лет. Плоды с выраженными гранями желтые, поспевают в сентябре.
В конце 70-х годов прошлого века в Караганде был обнаружен новый вид - Боярышник Поярковой (Crataegus pojarkovae). Now in the reserve there are about 200 compact small trees with gray-green carved leaves. This species is the largest and most drought tolerant European hawthorn. Berries are pear-shaped, yellow.
Hawthorn Spot (Crataegus punctata) grows from southeastern Canada to the states of Oklahoma and Georgia in the United States on soils formed by rocks, rising to 1800 m. The species forms a tree with a height of 7-10 m with a flat top and a low crown consisting of sprawled horizontal plane of branches. The bark is gray or orange-brown, spines are numerous, thin, straight, up to 7.5 cm long.
The lower leaves are whole, with a pointed top, on the upper part of the crown - serrate, from 2 to 7.5 cm long, 0.5-5 cm wide, gray-green, turning red or orange in autumn. White flowers with a diameter of 1.5-2 cm collected 12-15 pieces. Ripened fruit in October, muted-red round fruits of size 13-25 mm quickly fall off.
From the Great Lakes to the north of Florida in America, the range of one of the most famous species, Crataegus crus-galli, extends. The culture is obliged by the name to prickles 7-10 cm long, bent, as a cock spur. The species grows as a tree or shrub with a height of 6-12 m with sprawling wide crown and drooping branches. Solid dense leaves with jagged edges, dark green, 8-10 cm long, becoming bright, orange or scarlet in autumn.
White large (up to 2 cm) flowers are collected in 15-20 pieces in the shields. Fruits that ripen at the end of September can have a different color - from white-green to muted-red. If the birds do not peck them, they stick to the tree almost until the end of winter.
Hawthorn in the garden: the pros and cons
As hawthorn blooms, the photo shows well. This is an impressive sight, especially in varietal plants. But it is the flowers that make you wonder whether it is worth growing a garden. Frankly speaking, in all species they do not smell, but stink. You can compare this "flavor" with rotten meat or rotten fish, it will not become better. Different types and varieties of smell can have different intensities.
In addition, hawthorn is mostly pollinated by flies, which also does not add to the attractiveness of the culture. But the bloom of all kinds of impressive beauty, moreover, does not last long, even in varieties. Then a neat bush or tree pleases carved foliage until late autumn, and attractive fruits are useful and tasty, even in garden forms.
If hawthorn is grown in a place where the smell will not annoy the inhabitants of the site, the culture can be called ideal - it almost does not require care, and it keeps decorativeness from the moment of bud swelling until late autumn.Important! Hawthorn fruit attracts birds to the garden.
How to plant and care for hawthorn
You can simply plant hawthorn and care for it occasionally - all kinds are surprisingly unpretentious. Even varieties do not require special care.
First, the hawthorn grows very slowly, giving no more than 7–20 cm of growth, then its development is accelerated. Shoots increase over the season by 30-40 cm, and in some species - up to 60 cm. Then the growth rate slows down again.
When to plant hawthorn: spring or autumn
Planting hawthorn in the fall is preferred in regions with warm and temperate climates. In the north, work is transferred to the spring, trying to complete the operation before the sap flow begins. It is not so difficult - all kinds of "wake up" late.
Planting hawthorn is necessary in the fall after leaf fall. For novice gardeners, determining the right time is difficult - some species become bare late. If the pit is dug in advance, it should not cause complications. You can check the readiness of the tree by running your hand against the direction of growth of the leaves - if they are easily separated from the branches, you can start planting and transplanting.Important! Container haws are placed in the garden, even in summer, but not in the heat.
Where to plant hawthorn on the site
For hawthorn you need to choose a sunny place. In the light shade, all species also grow well, but without access to the sun they will not bloom and bear fruit, the crown will become loose, in the fall the leaves will not turn bright colors and fall brown.
The best soil for hawthorn is heavy loam, fertile and well drained. Culture forms a powerful root system, because of this, it cannot be planted in places with close groundwater flow without a drainage layer.
Hawthorn tolerates air pollution and wind. It can be planted to protect other plants and as a hedge.
Selection and preparation of hawthorn seedlings
Two-year-old hawthorn saplings of any species take root best of all. Their bark should correspond to the description of the species or variety, be elastic and intact. The hawthorn root system is well developed, if it is small and weak, it is better to refuse to purchase a seedling.
Dug out plants should be soaked with the addition of a root stimulator for at least 6 hours. You can keep the root in the water for several days, but then pour a handful of complex fertilizers into the liquid to reduce the harm from leaching of useful substances.
Container plants simply watered before planting. But the hawthorn, dug with earthen clod and sheathed with sacking, should be placed in the garden as soon as possible. If this is not possible, moisten the soil and fabric with a little bit, and spray the crown regularly.
At what distance to plant hawthorn
If hawthorn is planted in a hedge, bushes or trees should be located close to each other to quickly form an impenetrable wall. They are placed at a distance of 50 cm from each other.
With a single landing hawthorn need to focus on the size of the adult specimen. After all, different species can stretch by only 2-3 m, or become giants (as for the garden plot) 12 m high, as well as the width of the crown.Important! When growing large garden hawthorn, it is necessary to take into account the size of the variety, and not the species of the plant from which it is derived.
The higher the bush or tree and the wider its crown, the greater the distance between individual plants. Usually for species grown in the garden, observe the interval of 2 m.
Landing pit for hawthorn need to dig in advance, so that the ground has time to sink. It is made slightly wider than the diameter of the root system and deep to put drainage. The layer of broken brick, expanded clay, crushed stone or gravel should be the greater, the closer the groundwater lies, but not less than 15 cm. The drainage layer is covered with sand.
Since hawthorn likes heavy fertile soils rich in chalk, clay is added to light soils, the poor improve with compost, leaf (and not animal) humus. To adapt the acidity to the requirements of the culture, mix chalk or lime, if there is - pieces of coquina and ash.
The landing pit is completely filled with water and settled for at least 2 weeks. Ideally, it is prepared for planting in the spring - autumn, and vice versa.
Then in the center of the pit, hawthorn is installed, covered with prepared soil mixture, gently rammed, watered abundantly and mulched. The root neck should remain at ground level.
At first, the plant is watered 2 times a week, and if the hawthorn is planted in the spring, it is prune.
How to transplant hawthorn
It is possible to transplant hawthorn to another place only for the first 5 years, but it is better not to do this, but immediately think carefully about where to place the culture. The plant has a powerful root that goes deep into the ground. It is impossible to dig a tree or a bush without damaging it, in any case, the hawthorn after transplantation stops growing and is sick for a long time.
It is better to move the culture to another place at the end of the season, regardless of the region. They do this as soon as the heat subsides, even in a leafy state. The hawthorn is dug out and, together with a lump of earth, is immediately transferred to a new place, where it is planted to the same depth as before, it is strongly cut.Important! If the hawthorn has managed to bloom, it is better not to repot it. The probability that the plant will take root in the new place is low.
Hawthorn requires minimal maintenance. The culture is unpretentious and capable of maintaining decorativeness even under seemingly unfavorable growing conditions. Planting and caring for large-fruited hawthorn from North America and its varieties differs little from agricultural techniques of local species.
Pruning hawthorn in spring and autumn
It is best to cut hawthorn in the spring before the movement of the juice. Remove all dry, broken, thickening crown and spoil the appearance of the plant branches. Often the hawthorn is not cut at all. In any case, no more than a third of the shoots can be removed at a time.
More careful trimming require hedges, which are sheared rather than grown freely. To do this, use a cordless garden shears or hand, with wavy blades.
You should also carefully approach the pruning of hawthorn, from which the stem tree was made. It may have to be trimmed throughout the growing season.Important! When transplanting hawthorn need a strong pruning.
How to fertilize hawthorn
Hawthorn is not too picky to feed, for it does not make sense to buy special fertilizers for it. In the spring, at the beginning of the formation of buds, it can be given an extract of mullein. At the end of summer or the beginning of autumn, a phosphate-potassium fertilizer that does not contain nitrogen will be useful. It will help ripen wood, form flower buds of the next year and survive the winter.
In a temperate climate, if heavy rain comes at least once a month, hawthorn can not be moisturized. In the south, once every 2 weeks a bush is poured 10 liters of water for every 1.5 m of growth (this is how the minimum watering of deciduous crops is calculated). If the heat is 30 ° C or higher, this may not be enough. Watering is carried out weekly.
Important! The soil requires the greatest moisture during the pouring of berries of large-fruited species. With a shortage of water, apples will become shallow, dry, shriveled and tasteless.
Mulching will protect the root from overheating, and the soil from drying out. It also will not allow weeds to break through to the surface, and will replace the loosening of the soil for adult plants.
Preparing for the winter
In fact, most hawthorn species do not require any shelter for the winter. Light protection may be needed only in the first year after landing, and even then not so much from frost, but from sunburn and strong wind.
The whole preparation for the winter of an adult plant consists in the autumn moisture loading and feeding in the late summer of potash-phosphorus fertilizers. In a vaccinated hawthorn, it is necessary to protect the site of the operation simply by tying it with a warm cloth or straw.
Thermophilic species such as the Crimean Hawthorn or Pontic in the North is better not to plant. There is a mass of forms with full winter hardiness, no less beautiful than those indicated.
It is better for gardeners to spend 5 minutes and find out what kinds of plants grow in their area without problems, rather than wasting energy on building a shelter. Interestingly, the Prickly Hawthorn (Ordinary) and the One-Pest, which have many decorative varieties, grow well in cold regions.
What year after planting hawthorn fruits
When the hawthorn begins to bloom and bear fruit, depends on the species. This usually occurs no earlier than 6-7 years after landing. There are species that begin to form buds for 10-15 years.Interesting! Large-fruited haws bloom much earlier than those with small berries.
First of all, the first harvest comes from Hawthorn Peristonadrezany, which is sometimes called Chinese. Vaccinated specimens may bloom for 3-4 years of life.
Even hawthorn of one species can bloom with a difference of 1-2 years. Gardeners noticed a pattern - the larger the crown of the plant, the earlier the fruiting begins.
Why hawthorn does not bear fruit: possible causes
The main reason for the lack of fruiting hawthorn - the tree has not reached the proper age. Among others it should be noted:
- lack of sunlight;
- strong pruning - the fruits are formed on the periphery, and not inside the bush.
If the hawthorn blooms, but does not bear fruit, water with sugar should be placed next to it in order to attract insects. It will be useful to plant another bush on the site - although the culture does not require pollinators, in their presence forms more ovaries.Important! Taki