As you know, a rose is the queen of flowers. Therefore, most gardeners gladly grow them on their site. Bush varieties are very popular among all types of roses. It is easy to care for them, and instead of one or several flowers, you get a whole bush, richly sprinkled with buds. With their help, you can originally decorate your yard. These and other advantages contribute to the fact that almost every yard appears one or another variety of spray roses. Therefore, it is very important to figure out how to plant bush roses, as well as care and cultivation. This knowledge will help you grow beautiful flowers that will be pleasing to the eye for a long time.
Features of spray roses
Shrub roses belong to the garden view of these plants. They can be sprawling or narrow-pyramidal. The height of the bushes depends on the variety, and can vary from 25 centimeters to more than three meters. Branches on the bushes are divided into 2 types:
- basal or uterine branches;
- annual shoots.
The diameter of the flowers can vary from 2 cm to 18 cm, depending on the variety. Color and shape of flowers can be very diverse. In turn, the flowers can form inflorescences or grow singly. Of all the possible colors in nature, so far only roses of bright blue color are not bred. All the rest, from light and tender to dark and bright roses, have been grown for a long time. Every year there are more and more new combinations. According to the shape of flowers, all spray roses are divided into the following types:
Although they are considered unpretentious, it is important to consider some rules when growing shrub roses. In the winter the bushes need to cover. It is not very convenient to do this because of the large size of the bush, but if you want to save your flowers, you will have to try. Shrub plants also need pruning. How to do this, we learn below.
Planting rose roses
The best time to plant is autumn. You need to have time to plant roses in the period from early September to the second week of October. Choosing seedlings, you need to carefully inspect the plant. It should be strong and healthy.Tip! It is better to buy seedlings in the autumn also for the reason that at this time there is a greater chance of buying fresh planting material. Often in the spring they continue to sell seedlings left over from last year.
A very important point - the choice of site for landing. Rose loves sunny, unshadowed places. Choose a site away from tall trees and buildings. Strong northerly winds have a bad effect on a rose, consider this when choosing a place. The bush grows well in acidic soils, well drained.
Before planting the bush, you must remove the dry roots with a sterile sharp instrument. If the roots are too long, they are shortened. Next, pruned branches, leaving only 20 centimeters in length. Then the roots are immersed in water for several hours. Now you can start landing. The pit for roses should be at least 40 centimeters in diameter, and a depth of 10 centimeters wider than the diameter of the rhizome. The bottom of the pit need to loosen with pitchforks.
Dug out the soil mixed with compost, it should be 3 times less than the land. Wood ash is also added. A heteroauxin tablet is added to a bucket of water and everything is poured into the pit. Sapling is lowered into the pit and gradually fall asleep with soil. Each layer should be lightly tamped. Sapling spud 15 centimeters in height. Also, at a distance of 30 centimeters, a roller is made from the ground so that during irrigation the water does not flow out. During the first 10 days the plant should be applied. The first watering is done in 2 days. In the photo you can see how the planting and care of the spray roses is done.
Important! Between shrub roses should be left about 1-2 meters. Remember that they will grow plentifully.
Planting roses from cuttings
Cutting is considered one of the most popular ways of breeding roses. To grow flowers, plant woody or semi-woody cuttings. Cuttings need to be in the period when only the first flowers appear.Attention! Too dry or still green cuttings are not suitable for cultivation.
The length of the cutting should be about eight centimeters, and about the thickness of a pencil. From above, the rose is cut 0.5 cm above the kidney, and from the bottom, immediately below the bud. In this case, the upper cut should be straight, and the lower one at an angle of about 45 °. On the handle leave only 2 top sheets. The spikes on the bottom also break. The lower cut must be treated with phytohormones. Cuttings are planted in the hole with sand to a depth of 15 centimeters. If there are several plants, then at least 20-30 centimeters are left between them. Sand needs to be slightly compacted, and a greenhouse built over the plants. Holes are made in the film to allow the plants to breathe, and from time to time they open it for ventilation.
Attention! At this stage, flowering is not desirable, since the root system must first strengthen. Therefore, all the buds that will appear, you need to break.
Wintering plants should be under a thick layer of insulation. On top of it, the cuttings are also torn off with polyethylene. In March, the insulation is removed, and the film is opened for some time, every day it is increased. At this place, the cuttings should stay for 2 years, after which you can repot the bushes to a permanent place.
The formation of the bush occurs in the first year. At such an important stage it is necessary to closely monitor the rose. Shoots need to pinch to stimulate tillering. And the first buds that appear appear must be removed, because all the forces of the bush so far are spent on the growth of the root system and branches. From mid-summer, buds from the bush can be removed only after formation.
Roses do not like excessive moisture and do not need frequent watering. So you need to water the bush only on demand. Watering roses in the spring should be more intense, because at this time leaves and shoots are formed. In the summer, about ten liters of water are used to water one bush. In hot and dry weather, you can increase its quantity. For watering the bushes using water at room temperature. After the end of the flowering period, the amount of water is gradually reduced. If excess moisture stagnates in the soil, it can threaten the development of fungal diseases. The best time to water the bushes is morning or evening.
Important! These irrigation tips are for adult bushes, if you have a plant for only the first year, you need to water it every 2 days.
Spray roses also need additional feeding. In the first year it is not necessary to make it, and all subsequent years fertilizer is necessary. The first top dressing of a bush is carried out in the spring when the vegetative period only began. After the onset of budding, the procedure is repeated. When the plant ceases to bloom, hold the third dressing, and the fourth - after the process of lignification has begun.
As a feed mixed two parts of phosphate fertilizers, and one part of potash and nitrogen. The top layer of soil around the rose bush is removed and fertilizers are applied over it. Next, return the soil to its original place. With each irrigation, fertilizers will dissolve and penetrate to the roots. Organic fertilizers will also be a good addition; they can be alternated with mineral fertilizers. For these purposes, suitable wood ash, chicken manure or manure.
Important! In specialized stores they also sell liquid fertilizers that are simply diluted with water and used to water the bush. But before using them, be sure to familiarize yourself with the instructions.
Diseases and pests
Unfavorable conditions can reduce the resistance to disease of spray roses. Most often they are affected by powdery mildew, rust, black spot and chlorosis. And if powdery mildew and other fungal diseases can be managed with conventional preparations, chlorosis comes from the fact that the plant has long lacked useful trace elements. To eliminate the cause of the disease, it will be necessary to analyze the soil and find out exactly what the plants lack.
All insects affecting rose bushes can be divided into sucking and gnawing. To sucking pests include aphid, tick, whitefly. But beetles, caterpillars, larvae and sawflies are representatives of gnawing. To prevent the occurrence of each pest is simply impossible, so gardeners often struggle with them after signs of appearance. But still, for the prevention can be treated with special preparations bushes.
Important! Treating bushes from pests is carried out before the buds swell.
You can purchase chemicals in specialized stores or prepare a solution of kerosene at home. To do this, take 10 grams of kerosene for 10 liters of water and spray the bushes with this solution. To prevent the appearance of insects next year, in the autumn you need to conduct a thorough preparation of the site. All dried leaves and other residues are removed from under the bushes. In such places inhabits the most pests.
The most important and time-consuming step of care is trimming bushes. It is necessary to ensure that the rose quickly grew and pleased with abundant flowering. Pruning the bushes is desirable to carry out every season. Spring pruning is considered the most important; it forms the future bush and saves the rose from unnecessary branches.
The main thing is to cut the bush before the buds swell. During this period, all dry and damaged branches are cut. Also get rid of those that grow inside the bush.
Tip! When trimming bushes, pay attention to how conveniently the branches are located. If they interfere with the growth of each other, then leave only the youngest.
Do not be afraid to cut off the excess shoots from the bushes. If they seem weak and unnecessary to you, then most likely it is. Leave on the bush should only be the strongest and highest shoots. No need to be zealous, just pruning old shrub rose. It recovers much longer. All cuts after done, treated with garden pitch.
As you can see, the cultivation of spray roses does not require special skills. This task can cope anyone. With very little effort, you can grow beautiful homemade roses. They will surely thank you with abundant and lush blooms.
ReviewsEvgenia Alexandrovna, SamaraU, bush roses grow at home and in my country house. The first planted bush did not catch on, and I was very upset then. But then I learned that in the winter the roses should be carefully covered, which I did not do. I tried to plant another variety and it worked out. So, first you need to learn, and only then do something. But I was taught my own mistakes.Natalia Ivanovna, Voronezh. I love bush roses. It is a pity that there is no more space in the yard to plant them. Probably in the spring I will change old shrubs. Shrub roses grow very quickly. If the bushes are not cut and not directed, then they will occupy the entire flower bed.