Ornamental shrubs are able to decorate even the most modest garden plot. Barberry Superba - fast-growing perennial, which not only has tasty fruits, but has a rather attractive appearance.
Every gardener dreams of planting barberry bushes, because bright plants are able to create a colorful landscape composition in any garden. Knowing the nuances of planting and the rules for placing shrubs on the site, you can facilitate the care of plants.
Description of barberry Superba
Barberry Superba grows large spreading shrubs. The plant reaches its final size in 9 years. Barberry bushes are used for group plantings, often practicing a single planting on the site. The flowering period of the perennial plant is May-June.
The flowers of barberry Superba with a pleasant smell, are collected in neat racemose buds. On 1 brush up to 10 pieces are located. The color of flowers is yellow with a reddish tint, length - 4 cm.
The krone is large and sprawling, forming long growths over the years. At the beginning of growth, the branches are directed upwards, and over time they are stretched by wide arcs. The plant forms many branches on which sharp thorns are located.
The foliage of the Superba variety is round, up to 4 cm long. The color of the green mass is purple-violet, in the summer period with a grayish tint. In spring, most leaves turn red.Tip! When planting Superba varieties in a well-lit place leaves will seem much brighter.
The berries of barberry Superba of elongated shape, rich red color, are located on the lowered branches. Sourish to taste, have a rather pronounced aroma.
Barberry Thunberg Superba in landscape design
Barberry Thunberg Superba is quite popular in the design of landscape design. Today there are more than 45 species of fruit bushes. This variety has good immunity to various diseases, unfortunately, it hardly endures severe frosts.
In landscape design use almost all varieties. Barberry Thunberg looks good in both single and group planting of shrubs. Planted near the curb and alpine slides. Thorny shrubs are used as a decorative hedge, which looks original on the garden plot. In the photo you can see how the barberry Superba looks in the design of the local area.
Planting and caring for barberry Superba
Perennial shrub does not require special landing conditions. Plants are more suitable acid and alkaline soils. The barberry of this grade well transfers sharp change of weather conditions, is not afraid of long absence of watering.
Standard care measures: regular pruning and preventative spraying against insect pests.
Preparation of seedlings and planting area
In order for the plant to form beautiful and long branches, it is important to prepare the right soil. Superba variety is often planted in pre-prepared soil mixture:
- turf ground;
All components are mixed in equal proportions.Important! The optimum soil acidity for planting is 6.5 ph.
If the landing is performed in a sour soil, it is necessary to conduct liming. 35 g of hydrated lime are taken for 1 plant.
It will be important to prepare a sapling for planting. Before the procedure, the root is immersed in a growth stimulator. You can buy this tool in any garden store.
If planting material is purchased on the market, you should carefully examine it. There should be no damage on the seedling, the root system is not over dried.
When self-stocking material for planting take processes of perennial shrubs with a strong, well-developed root system.
Planting barberry Superba
Superba bushes love well-lit places. In them, the plant will have bright colors. If the barberry is supposed to be planted in a single planting, it is recommended to make holes of 60 by 60 cm in size. For group planting, the minimum distance between bushes should be at least 40 cm.
The algorithm for planting barberry Superba:
- Dig deep holes.
- Put drainage stones or sawdust on the bottom.
- Add feeding: peat, humus.
- Lower the young seedling into the hole so that 2 cm of the root collar is above ground level.
- To produce abundant moistening landings.
- Loosen the soil.
Watering and feeding
Perennial Superba practically does not require special rules for making dressings. Bring them under the bushes after 1 year after planting. For the first feeding use urea. All subsequent fertilizers are performed 1 time in 4-5 years.
It should be noted that the shrub requires almost no watering. Often, young shoots that have a poorly developed root system need to be moistened. In summer there will be enough rainy weather. However, during prolonged drought, shrubs should be provided with the necessary amount of fluid.Attention! Barberry Superba does not like stagnant moisture, so you should be careful when watering.
Pruned shrub in early spring. This event is the prevention of many diseases. Old, frozen and damaged shoots are subject to removal. To form a plant is not recommended if there are many internodes on the bushes.Tip! To maintain the decorative crown, it is enough to rejuvenate the bush with light pruning.
It is worth noting that shoots that have stopped growing are also subject to removal. Old plants in the spring should also be thinned.
The first preventive pruning is carried out 2 years after disembarkation. During this period, cut down the lower shoots. Further pruning is performed 2 times a year: the first - in the summer, the second - in the beginning of autumn.
Preparing for the winter
Young bushes that have not reached 3 years old need preparation for winter. In the first years of life it is necessary to cover the landing spruce. Further preparation for frosts involves on the eve of the conducted preventive pruning.Tip! If severe frosts are foreseen, it is necessary to cover the plant with lumps of snow.
It is possible to multiply a bush of a barberry Superba in 3 ways. The plant almost always survives well. Each summer resident chooses a plant reproduction method that is more convenient for him.
- method of dividing the bush. To perform this method, the young process is separated along with the root and planted in the prepared soil;
- green layering. They determine a good and strong shoot on the bush, which is pressed tightly to the ground and fall asleep. The plant is watered abundantly until the branch gives the root;
- handle. This method is easy to use. Enough to find on the bush young strong shoots that need to be cut with a knife. The shoots are planted in prepared pots, well watered. After the plant has developed a strong root system, make a transplant into the ground.
Diseases and pests
Barberry Superba is susceptible to the defeat of barberry aphids and powdery mildew. To prevent diseases of the bushes, it is important to carry out preventive pruning and processing with special means. With proper care, the plant is able to develop a good immunity, which will help to avoid problems in the care.
In case of illness, special preparations should be purchased at the garden shop and a therapeutic spraying should be carried out. To combat aphids, a 0.2% solution of “Fitoverma” is used, with the defeat of barberry with powdery mildew, “Fundazol” is used. Bordeaux mixture is used for rust treatment.A warning! When using drugs from pests, it is important to respect the correct proportions.
Barberry Superba - decorative fruit shrub, which is practiced for planting and design of landscape design. Group and single planted bushes are able to create an interesting composition on any site. Bright perennial shrubs with fragrant fruits become the decoration of any garden. Practically do not require care and special rules of planting, barberry Superba - the choice of those who love a beautifully designed garden without the cost and additional hassle.