Barberry Flamingo grows well in urban environments. This is an unpretentious and hardy plant. Shrub resistant to frost and drought. It is actively used in landscape design. The bush is highly ornamental due to dark purple leaves with an openwork pattern of silver and pink specks.
Description of barberry Flamingo
Flamingo is a new variegated variety. He is a member of a large group of Thunberg barberries, the most popular among professionals and amateur gardeners. The height of an adult bush reaches 1.5 m in height. Compact, dense crown is formed by upright salmon shoots. Its width does not exceed 1.5 m. The branches are covered with prickles.
The surface of small, beautiful, dark purple leaves is covered with an elegant pattern of pink and silver spots. The barberry of the Thunberg Flamingo blooms in May. The flowers are pretty inconspicuous. They are small, yellow, collected in inflorescences. The period of abundant flowering lasts 1-2 weeks.
Fruits are red, oblong in shape, ripen in early to mid autumn. On the bushes can hang until spring. Their taste is bitter because of the high concentration of alkaloids.
Berberis thunbergii Flamingo winter-hardy shrub. It can be grown in the 4th climatic zone. The roots and the aerial parts of the adult bush withstand temperatures down to -35 ° C. Young plants (1-3-year-olds) are covered for the winter.
Flamingo is a fast-growing variety of Thunberg barberry. The growth of shoots per season is 20-30 cm. Shrubs tolerate formative pruning. The advantages of the variety include resistance to drought.
Barberry Flamingo in landscape design
The main direction of use in landscape design:
- group and single landing;
- rocky gardens;
- alpine slides.
In the photo of the barberry Thunberg Flamingo you can see how harmoniously it combines with coniferous plants. His foliage with a bright accent stands out from the background:
- Tui (Smaragd, Yelou Ribon, Golden Glob);
- juniper (Hibernika. Gold Cone, Suecica);
- fir trees (Nana, Alberta Globe. Conica).
The crown of the barberry Thunberg Flamingo is easy to give any shape (ball, prism, cube). Dark purple leaves look good against the background of golden forms. Relatively low, compact shrub planted along the banks of reservoirs, in the center and along the edges of the Japanese stony gardens. They are decorated with alpine hills, flower beds with perennials.
Traditionally, with the help of the bushes of the barberry, the Thunberg Flamingos form neat hedges. They are functional and decorative.Important! The creation of a hedge from the barberry takes about 7 years.
Berberis thunbergii Flamingo is planted singly on the lawn, its purple leaves stand out clearly against the background of the emerald carpet.
Planting and caring for the barberry Thunberg Flamingo
The flamingo is ornamental by its variegated foliage. Shrubs fit well-lit areas of the garden. This is an unpretentious plant, responsive to good care. Planting work is carried out in the spring from the end of March to mid-April or in the autumn from September 15 to October 15.
Preparation of seedlings and planting area
In the centers of gardening a large selection of seedlings of barberry Thunberg. Flamingo variety is new, but you can buy it without any problems. Buying plants in a container facilitates planting. Closed root system is not injured during transport. The seedling quickly takes root.
Before planting, a barberry with an open root system is put in a bucket of water for the night. All shoots are shortened by 5 buds.
In the description of any varieties of barberry Thunberg says about the simplicity of the shrub. Flamingo is no exception. However, the place for planting is better to choose the lit or in the openwork partial shade. The lack of light makes the leaf color less bright.
Saplings grow better in neutral soil. Sour soil is deoxidized a year before planting with lime or ash during planting. The root system of the barberry Thunberg Flamingo does not tolerate stagnant water. The drainage layer in the planting pit excludes it.
Saplings with an open root system are planted in early spring. The barberry in the container gets accustomed at any time, even in the summer. In group plantings, pits with a diameter of 50 cm and a depth of 35 cm are dug from each other at a distance of 1.5-2 m. A trench is prepared for the hedge, seedlings are placed every 50 cm.
Roots fall asleep with a mixture of garden earth, ash, humus. After watering, the soil is mulched with organic materials (compost, humus, bark, peat). To Thunberg Flamingo barberry caught on faster, shoots shortened, leaving the kidneys from 3 to 5 pieces.
Watering and feeding
In regions where precipitation falls regularly, the shrub can not be watered. If the rains rarely fall, the bushes are watered every 7-10 days. So that the moisture evaporates less, the soil around the barberry is mulched.
Fertilizers begin with the 2nd year of life. At the beginning of the growing season, during flowering, root dressings are carried out with fertilizers containing nitrogen. 30 g of urea is dissolved in a bucket of water. At the height of summer (July, August), under the barberry Flamingo make the Kemira Universal complex mineral fertilizer.
In the autumn under each bush make pellets:
- superphosphate (15 g);
- potassium nitrate (10 g).
Barberis Thunberg Flamingo endures a haircut perfectly. It is necessary to maintain the attractive appearance of the bush. There are 3 types of pruning:
Period of work
Spring before buds blossom
Cut out all the shoots damaged by weather, disease, pests
Spring, immediately after the sanitary cleaning of shrubs
Cut the branches growing close to the ground, and all the extra shoots that thicken the crown
Summer (early June)
With the help of a haircut to maintain the desired shape of the bush
Summer (early August)
The length of the young shoots is reduced by ⅔, the old branches are cut
Small geometric shapes in the form of a cube, a pyramid, a cone are formed from 1-2 bushes. For obtaining large-scale sculptures, 5-9 bushes are planted.
The first anti-aging pruning is carried out by an 8-year-old bush. It stimulates the growth of new shoots.
Preparing for the winter
Adult bushes do not need shelter. When preparing for winter, it is enough to clear the tree trunk circle, add superphosphate, potassium nitrate to the soil, and conduct abundant water recharge.
Winter hardiness of young bushes of the barberry Flamingo is low. During the first 3 years they must be protected from frost. Cover the aboveground part and root zone of the bush. Use different covering materials:
Lutrasil and burlap are fixed with a twine to prevent the wind from breaking. In winter, barberry bushes throw snow. With the advent of heat, the shelter is dismantled so that the shoots of the shrub do not coexist.
Barberry Flamingo can be propagated by seeds that ripen in the fall. Sow them before winter on a previously prepared ridge. Make grooves with a depth of 3 cm, placing them from each other at a distance of 10-15 cm.
Seeds are first cleaned of pulp, washed, soaked briefly in a solution of potassium permanganate. Seeds are laid in increments of 5 cm, covered with garden soil, mixed with humus. In spring, shoots appear. Before the transplantation to the garden, Flamingo saplings grow on a bed for 2 years.
If an adult plant needs to be transplanted to a new place, then the barberry is propagated by dividing the bush. It is dug up, rhizome divide, leaving in each delenka several shoots. Landing pits are prepared in advance. The survival rate with this method of reproduction is not 100%.
It is easier to propagate the flamingo barberry with lignified cuttings. Engaged in this spring:
- Choose a one-year branch.
- Take from her middle part (5 cm).
- 3-4 buds are left.
- For rooting organize a low greenhouse.
- Fill it with fertile soil.
- Top layer of poured river sand.
- Barberry cuttings are dipped into the root stimulator, planted in a greenhouse at an angle to the ground according to the scheme 5 cm x 15 cm.
- Moisturize the soil, greenhouse cover film (glass).
The appearance of leaves suggests that the stalk is rooted. A year later, it can be transplanted into the garden.
Cuttings - an even simpler breeding option for the barberry Flamingo. Strong annual shoots are suitable for him. In the spring they are bent to the ground. Slightly deepened. Pin in several places with staples made of thick wire. Fall asleep soil. In the fall, roots form on a branch. The barberry saplings are separated from the mother bush next spring.
Diseases and pests
A bush among insects has enemies. Several garden pests are considered dangerous for the barberry Flamingo:
- flower moth.
With aphids on the leaves of barberry fight with soapy water. Prepare it from water (10 l) and chips of household soap (300 g). 2% Fitoverma solution helps from insects. Other pests are destroyed with the help of Chlorofos. For spraying use 3% solution.
Flamingo shrubs are rare, but may suffer from fungal diseases. One of them is powdery mildew, that is, white bloom on the leaves. You can cope with it with a solution of 1% colloidal sulfur. If the leaves of barberry are covered with dark spots, it means that the shrub should be treated for spotting.
They fight it with copper oxychloride. In 10 l of water dissolve 30 g of the product. Barberry Flamingo process twice. Before the appearance of buds and after flowering. Cracks and growths on the shoots - symptoms of bacteriosis. The affected barberry branches are cut and destroyed, the bush is treated with Bordeaux liquid.
Barberry Flamingo will decorate the garden with colorful, bright foliage all season. With it, you can create exquisite color and shape of the composition. Hedge of barberry decorate the landscape, protect against uninvited guests.
You can learn about the merits and variety of barberry Thunberg from the video: