The weather conditions of the Urals dictate their own conditions for growing strawberries. To collect a good harvest of berries, you need to choose varieties that meet the following conditions:
- ripen in a short time;
- do not freeze in the winter;
- can withstand heavy rains;
- Do not rot in the summer.
For planting strawberries suitable area, well lit by the sun. In the Urals, dew often falls and there is an increased nebula, so strawberries should be well ventilated.
Strawberries prefer medium loam, in which organic fertilizer is applied. Plants tolerate frost in the Urals, as they are under high snow cover.
The greatest danger of freezing occurs in the fall or spring. During this period, strawberry needs extra shelter.
The earliest varieties of strawberries for the Urals begin fruiting in June. Strawberry of this type develops with a short daylight, tolerates spring cooling and lack of heat.
For the variety of Mary is characterized by very early maturation. Strawberry has the appearance of a medium bush with a large number of leaves. The weight of the fruit is an average of 30 g, they stand out in a saturated color. A mustache forms a moderate amount.
Mary has a high winter hardiness. The plant retains resistance to spring frosts and is less susceptible to diseases.
Strawberry Amulet refers to dessert varieties. Berries have a weight of about 35 g, elongated shape and rich color. The plant stands out for its good yield and winter hardiness. From one bush collect up to 2 kg of fruit.
The plant requires regular watering, especially in the absence of rain. The variety is not very susceptible to diseases and is rarely affected by strawberry mite.
The variety Valenta is a medium-growth bush, moderately sprawling. Peduncles are of medium length, the leaves are few and wide.
The fruits of Valens have an average weight of 15 g, the largest ones reach 30 g. The shape of the fruits is oblong conical, they taste sweet and sour.
Valenta is resistant to diseases and does not rot, even at high humidity.
Dawn is one of the most popular strawberry varieties in the garden plots. Its bushes grow high, however, the berries are formed weighing about 20 g. The leaves are formed large, dark green color.
The grade is considered early ripe and high-yielding. With one hundred landings remove up to 200 kg of fruit.
The shape of the fruit is a flat oval, with a short neck. The flesh is light, has an average density.
Dawn requires moderate watering and feeding with the help of mineral fertilizers. The plant shows resistance to fungal infections. Dawn can withstand even the harsh winter frost.
The best strawberry varieties of medium ripening are distinguished by their taste. This is due to the fact that the formation of fruits occurs after the establishment of warm weather.
Elsanta variety bred in the Netherlands and is appreciated for its dessert properties. The plant is characterized by medium early ripening and long-term fruiting.
Elsanta is considered a universal type of garden strawberry, which is used fresh, frozen and preserved.
Elsanta fruits are rather large, weighing about 50 g. The pulp is sweet and aromatic, with a slight sourness.
Strawberries are moderately resistant to drought, however, they are able to withstand severe frosts. Additionally, the shrub is treated for powdery mildew and rhizome lesions. Fungal diseases rarely affect this strawberry.
Sudarushka refers to varieties of medium maturity. The plant stands out with a powerful, spreading shrub, with lots of leaves and rosettes. Peduncles are on a par with the leaves.
The weight of Sudarushka berries is up to 34 g, their symmetrical oval shape. Pulp of average density, juicy, on taste sweet-sour. Strawberries demonstrate high yields.
Variety Sudarushka is resistant to fungal infections, it rarely meets strawberry mite.
For planting choose an open area, well lit by the sun. The plant prefers black soil with the addition of peat. Strawberries are recommended to be mulched with straw.
Festival Chamomile Variety bears fruits weighing about 40 g during the first harvest. Then the berries become smaller.
The bush is formed large, with a large number of leaves. During the season, strawberries produce a lot of mustache. The festival belongs to the varieties of medium ripening and fruits in mid-June.
Festival chamomile berries are oval and slightly flattened at the edges. They taste sweet and sour.
The plant has a high resistance to winter frosts and tolerates frosts of -25 ° C. Festival chamomile is considered unpretentious variety, so it is often grown in the Urals.
Strawberry Orlets is bred in the Sverdlovsk region and has a period of ripening. The grade is allocated with the increased resistance to diseases, transfers winter frosts.
Orlets is considered a dessert variety and gives a good harvest. With one weave collect more than 110 kg of fruit. Shrub srednerosly, moderately sprawling, with a small number of leaves. The mustache is formed a little over the season, so the plants need minimal care.
Berries have an average weight of 10 g and an elongated shape. The weight of the first fruit reaches 25 g. Strawberry tolerates long-term transportation. Orlets requires feeding and annual hilling.
Variety Tsarina bred specifically for the harsh climate. Strawberries are resistant to frosts and winter frosts. The queen is able to bear fruit in low light.
The queen forms large berries, the average weight of which is 35 g. The flesh is juicy with a sour-sweet taste.
Under the snow cover, the Queen endures frosts down to -40 ° C. However, the variety copes well with hot weather. For full growth strawberry requires abundant watering.
The queen is resistant to diseases and pests. Fruits tolerate long-term transportation and storage.
Late ripening strawberry has a rich taste. Her varieties do not need special care and allow you to get a harvest after the end of the berry season.
Zenga Zengan strawberries are grown on garden plots and on an industrial scale. The plant bears fruit even with a short daylight. Berries are formed weighing up to 30 g, have a dense skin.
Zeng Zengan bushes stand out for their height and large number of leaves. A mustache is formed quite little.
The largest berries ripen at the beginning of fruiting, then their size decreases. Zeng Zengana gives up to 1.5 kg of berries. The plant tolerates prolonged rains.
The variety requires additional processing from spotting, gray rot and strawberry mite. Strawberries are especially resistant to winter frosts; they are not afraid of frosts down to -24 ° С.
The dessert variety Roxana was bred by Italian specialists, however, it settled down well in the conditions of the Urals. The plant has a medium maturity.
Bushes are formed powerful, but compact, with a small number of whiskers. Berries are formed large, with good taste. By the end of the season, the size of the fruit is slightly reduced. Even if you do not break the harvest in time, it will not affect the quality and taste of the berries.
Roxana is used for growing in the fall. Fruits ripen even at low temperatures and cloudy weather. The variety withstands cold temperatures up to -20 ° C, resistant to diseases.
One of the most late maturing varieties is the Vicoda. Bushes are formed of medium height with thick shoots. Fruits have a round shape, large size, sweet-sour taste, dense flesh.
Vicoda ripens in mid-June. The bush is produced a little shoot, which simplifies the care of strawberries. Particularly resistant plant to the spread of spot on the leaves.
The Vicod does not require special environmental conditions. The plant prefers an abundance of sunlight and moisture. In dry weather, increase the intensity of irrigation. The variety tolerates a decrease in temperature in winter to -16 ° C.
Strawberry Pandora fruits at the end of the berry season. The plant differs in compactness and a large number of leaves. The speed of formation of the whiskers remains at an average level.
Pandora belongs to the large varieties, the weight of its berries ranges from 35 to 60 g. With the final ripening, they acquire a rounded shape, juiciness, sweet taste and aroma of wild strawberries.
Strawberry stands out for its high winter hardiness, so it does not require shelter. The plant has high immunity to root damage and other diseases. To prevent rotting of fruits in rainy weather, you need to mulch the soil.
Repair strawberry fruits several times during the season. Its flowering continues until the arrival of the first frost. For the season 2-3 harvests are removed from each bush.
Variety Temptation is early ripe and brings large berries. The plant is considered one of the most productive and capable of producing 1.5 kg of fruit.
The taste of berries is sweet, with an unusual nutmeg aroma. On the bush is formed up to 20 peduncles. Maturation begins 2 months after planting.
Crop harvested several times, and in the fall the taste of garden strawberries are only improving. Temptation tends to form a large number of whiskers, and therefore needs constant care.
The plant tolerates frosts of up to -17 ° C, and therefore requires additional shelter. Every 3 years of landing need to be updated.
Strawberry Brighton is considered semi-monolithic variety. If the plant is planted in the spring, then the first harvest is obtained in August.
Strawberry bushes are compact, medium size. Leaves are not formed very much, which reduces the likelihood of rot and other diseases.
Brighton brings conical berries with a shiny surface. Their weight is about 30 grams, the largest copies reach 50 grams. Brighton hint of pineapple is typical for Brighton strawberries. The flesh remains dense, even with prolonged storage.
Brighton prefers loamy soil, remains resistant to diseases, practically does not form a mustache during fruiting.
Lyubava is considered the best variety of remontant strawberries due to its unpretentiousness. The average weight of berries is 30 g, however, they are formed on the plant in large quantities.
The shape of the fruit of Lubava is oval, the color is saturated red. The main advantage of strawberries is its increased winter hardiness. Fruiting begins in June and lasts until autumn. Throughout this period, the taste qualities of Lubava do not deteriorate.
The plant is abundantly fruiting regardless of the type of soil, however, the whisker forms a bit. The grade is a little subject to fungal diseases.
Variety Geneva bred in America more than thirty years ago. This is a sprawling bush of medium size, where about 7 whiskers are formed.
The first harvest yields fruits weighing up to 50 g in the shape of a truncated cone. The pulp has a sweet taste with a slight sourness. The plant begins to bear fruit in June and continues until frost occurs.
Between each harvest period, the break is up to 2.5 weeks. Maturation occurs even in rainy weather.
Between seedlings leave a large distance to avoid thickening plantings. Otherwise, excessive moisture and lack of ventilation will lead to the development of rot and other diseases.
Autumn Strawberry Strawberry became one of the first remontant varieties obtained by domestic specialists. The plant is able to bear fruit from June to September. Under cover in the fall, under the film, the berries continue to ripen until October.
The size of the fruit is from 3 to 4 cm, and many of them are formed. They taste sweet, even if not fully ripe. Fruiting occurs almost without interruption.
Autumn Fun produces up to 20 flower stalks, 10 fruits grow on each of them. The bush is rarely affected by diseases and pests. For the winter strawberries require shelter.
Elizabeth the Second
Variety Elizabeth II is remarkable for its unusual taste and large berries. The average fruit weight is 40 g, however, some berries reach 100 g.
Strawberries are bred by Russian specialists and have been distributed since 2003. The plant forms tall bushes with abundant foliage. The berries have an unusual taste with honey notes.
For the season, Elizabeth II gives about three harvests. The first of them removed in early June. Last fruiting occurs before the onset of frost. Due to the high yield from one bush, up to 1.5 kg of fruits are obtained.
Elizabeth II copes well with many diseases, tolerates cold snaps in the spring, winter frosts.
For growing in the Urals choose winter-hardy strawberries, which are not afraid of lowering the temperature. Strawberry should remain resistant to spring frosts, and berries - ripen in a short summer and keep the taste with heavy rainfall.