Shrub barberry, regardless of the variety, look decorative at any time of the year. That is why it is appreciated by landscape designers. But even novice gardeners will cope with the task, since planting and caring for barberry shrubs do not present difficulties. The main thing is to choose a variety in accordance with the climatic conditions of the region.
How fast the barberry grows
The barberry grown for landscaping grows slowly during the first 2 years after planting. Adult shrubs annually increase, depending on the variety, by 30-60 cm. Therefore, one of the measures in the care of plantings is regular pruning.Comment! It is important to understand that the successful development and growth of bushes is possible only if the right place and suitable soil are selected for planting.
What kind of soil does the barberry like?
Barberry - a plant that needs soil with neutral acidity. If this figure does not match, lime, dolomite flour or wood ash is added to the soil.
Groundwater should be no higher than 1.5 m, as the shrub can not stand stagnation. For the same reason, it is not recommended to plant the plants in the lowlands.
The planting dates depend on the state of the root system:
- If the seedlings were grown in a container, then they can be placed in the garden at any time: in spring, summer, autumn. It is only necessary to spill the plants to remove the seedling without damaging the clod of earth. For planting seedling choose a cool day. From the sun in the first days of shrub pritenyayut.
- If the root system of the seedling is open, then the planting of the barberry in the ground can be planned for spring, until the buds have blossomed. At this time, the earth has time to warm up. In the autumn the bushes are planted after the leaves fall.
Recommended landing time:
- Spring - from March 20 to April 15;
- Autumn - from September 15 to October 15.
When choosing the timing of landing you need to focus on the climatic features of the region.
How to plant a barberry
Planting shrubs, for example, yellow barberry, in the country and further care - the processes are simple, as the barberry is unpretentious. It is only necessary to find the right place, prepare the soil, buy or grow healthy seedlings on your own.
To make the plants look decorative, at least 1.5 m should be left between them. If you create a hedge, the seedlings should be 40-50 cm apart.
Where to plant barberry in the country
For shrubs choose a sunny place so that the barberry is lit almost all day. The fact is that a plant planted in the shade loses its decorative effect, bright foliage grows dull, and becomes unattractive. In addition, growth and development are slowing down, flowering will be scarce and inconstant.
2-3 weeks before planting bushes prepare a permanent place. Dig up the soil, choose weeds and roots. If the land is depleted, add humus, compost, wood ash. You can mix the soil with complex mineral fertilizers.
Saplings can be grown on their own, as the barberry multiplies seeds, layering, cuttings and root growth. If you have to buy, it is better to use the services of proven vendors or contact the nursery, where the varietal diversity will allow you to choose the right plant.
The branches of the seedling must be free from damage, without signs of insects and diseases. The power supply system of a quality seedling is characterized by the presence of a large number of adventitious roots. The cut on the stem should be greenish or whitish.A warning! Plants with dry roots are not suitable for planting.
The day before planting, seedlings with an open root system are soaked in water. You can add potassium permanganate or any preparation for rooting. If the seedling is in a container, then it should be removed and several vertical cuts should be made on the earth’s coma to stimulate the formation of lateral roots.
The rules of planting barberry
And now about how the barberry is planted and further care in the open field.
Stages of work:
- Dig a hole 40x40x40 cm. If the soil is poor, then the seat is made a little more so that you can add humus, compost.
- Fill the bottom of the pit with a drainage layer of pebbles, expanded clay or broken brick, then pour a layer of sand.
- The soil removed from the pit should be mixed with humus or compost, fill the pit almost to the top.
- Pour water so that the soil is well soaked. This work is done at least 7-10 days before landing.
- A groove is made in the soil and a seedling is placed in it, after straightening the roots.
- Sprinkle the root system of the shrub at the level of the root collar with soil, slightly compact it.
- Liberally pour and mix the tree trunk with peat or compost. This will greatly facilitate further care.
- Cut off part of the shoots, leaving only 4-5 buds below.
How to plant a barberry
Since the barberry is ornamental shrubs, pleasing the eye at any time of the year, even in winter, I want to have a lot of plants in the garden. If on the site or with friends grow different varieties of barberry, then you can multiply it:
- division of the bush;
- root shoots.
Breeding work is quite simple, available for beginner gardeners. It is only necessary to take into account that each of the methods may have disadvantages:
- Rooted cuttings for a long time.
- Barberry seeds difficult to germinate, even from fresh planting material turns 20-40% of seedlings. In this case, the future shrub may lose varietal quality.
- When you receive delenok, you can harm the root system.
- Not all varieties of barberries give shoots.
If you wish, you can experiment to choose the method that is suitable for the variety. For example, for planting a hedge from a red-leafed barberry and further care of it.
How to care for the barberry
Caring for the barberry in the garden does not take much time, it all comes down to traditional activities:
- watering and feeding;
- soil loosening and mulching;
- protection from diseases and pests;
- preparing the bush for winter.
By performing the necessary agrotechnical measures, you can get a beautiful, unpretentious care in the shrub that will decorate the garden.
According to the description, adult bushes do not require constant watering, because they do not tolerate overwetting of the soil. If it rains during the growing season, additional irrigation is not required. As for the young shrub, then it must be watered regularly until it takes root.Attention! About a month after planting, the frequency of watering is reduced, water is added under the bushes in case of drought.
Loosening and mulching
When growing barberry and caring for it, it should be remembered that water should penetrate to a depth of 40 cm. In order to quickly evaporate moisture, sprinkle mulch on the root zone of the shrub:
Layer must be at least 8 cm.
Before mulching, the soil is well loosened so that oxygen is supplied to the roots. The operation is repeated after watering. Weeds need to be removed, as they not only draw nutrients, but can also cause diseases and pest invasion.
How to feed barberry
If during planting of a barberry, for example, Thunberg, a sufficient amount of nutrients was introduced, in summer and autumn the shrub does not need to be fed for 2 years.
In the future, the plant needs to be fed, as it grows heavily. As a top dressing use both mineral, and organic fertilizers.
As a rule, food is introduced into the root zone of the shrub in the spring, before flowering begins. If the plant is grown as a hedge, then the fertilizer under the barberry is applied 2 times a year.
Shrub is good for pruning. Thanks to this procedure, the crown of the plant is formed; any shape can be created. The scheme of the haircut is shown in the photo.
In the first 3 years in early spring, until the buds are set to grow, you need to cut all the shoots into a stump to get a lush bush. This haircut is especially necessary for hedges.
In addition to formative pruning, plants need sanitary shearing when they remove damaged, dry branches, as well as shoots that are out of the big picture. This haircut can be done at any time.
Anti-aging pruning is performed on old bushes that are starting to degenerate. In the spring you need to cut the stems, leaving no hemp. By the fall of young shoots appear.Tip! If there are thorns on the barberry bushes, then you need to work in thick gloves, so as not to injure your hands.
Preparing for the winter
Choosing seedlings for planting in the garden, you need to take into account the climatic features of the region. Some varieties do not have sufficient frost resistance. Such bushes will require additional care activities in the autumn, associated with the shelter of the barberry for the winter.
Protection against disease and pests
Shrubs rarely get sick and are affected by insects. But from powdery mildew, aphids and floral moth is not always possible to secure the landing. Preventive measures will be required.
Diseases and pests
Signs of appearance
The appearance of aphids can be identified by shriveled and dried leaves.
Insect settles on fruit-bearing shrubs and damages berries.
A whitish bloom appears on the leaves and shoots.
To combat pests and diseases, you need to use special tools that are sold in stores, for example:
Work should be carried out immediately, without waiting for the spread of the disease and the mass reproduction of pests. Otherwise, you can lose the barberry bushes growing nearby.
Features of planting and caring for the barberry in the Urals
Ural - a region with harsh climatic conditions. In winter, there are frosts below -25 degrees, and many varieties of barberry freeze at such temperatures. Plants require good cover of spruce branches, sawdust or humus.
Cover the shrub with non-woven material for the winter when the frost will become stable. It is not recommended to use polyethylene film to protect the barberry from frost, as condensate accumulates under it in winter. And it can lead to vyprevaniya and freezing of plants.
You should not plan a barberry planting in the Urals in the fall, as a fragile shrub with a weak root system cannot survive in such conditions and no care will save it.
Features of planting and caring for the barberry in Siberia
Gardeners of Siberia, who decided to decorate the cottage with ornamental shrubs, should know that you need to choose varieties that can survive low temperatures, that is, frost-resistant.
For this region, these barberry varieties are recommended:
Shrubs require shelter for the winter for 3 years after planting. In the future, it will be enough to well root out the root system. If the barberry of Thunberg was planted on the site, then the plant should be protected from frost and wind throughout life. Experienced gardeners recommend choosing dwarf barberry varieties, as they are easy to cover.
Novice gardeners are interested in when it is possible to plant barberry bushes on a plot to residents of Siberia. Planting seedlings, as in the Urals, you need to plan for spring. Over the summer, the plants will take root well and be able to survive the harsh winter.
What to plant next to the barberry
Decorative barberry is difficult to overestimate. Past the bushes do not pass at any time of the year. In the spring, colorful leaves appear on the plants, then shrubs are covered with clusters of yellow or pink flowers. In autumn, the color of the leaves becomes even brighter, and in winter you can admire the red berries that stand out against the background of snow.
Sowing can be planted alone or next to different flowers, trees and shrubs. Plants with multi-colored leaves against evergreen conifers look great.
Bushes are planted along fences, on lawns or multi-level flowerbeds. For the creation of alpine hills and stony Japanese gardens are indispensable dwarf varieties of culture.Important! Barberry is a friendly plant by nature, it gets along well with almost all garden and garden crops.
Although there are fruit plants, next to which it is not desirable to have a decorative barberry planting. These are pears, apples and plums. What is the reason:
- First, the root system of these trees is powerful, occupies a large space. So, the bushes will not get the necessary amount of nutrients.
- Secondly, the crown of apple trees, pears and plums is wide, it will close the sun over the barberry. And in the description it says that the decorativeness of the shrub in the shadow is lost.
Planting and caring for barberry shrubs do not cause much trouble, even novice gardeners. It is necessary to work a little, but the result will please for many years. Unpretentious and bright shrubs will be a real decoration of the site on lawns, along fences, in compositions with different trees and shrubs.