Barberry is a beautiful shrub, which is used not only for decorative purposes, but also for the preparation of healing drinks according to traditional medicine recipes. Breeders bred several dozens of varieties of this shrub, each of which has its own advantages and cultivation nuances. Barberry Bagatel - one of the most popular varieties, which is well known to many gardeners and landscape design professionals.
Description of barberry Bagatel
In appearance, this variety is one of the most compact. The width and height of the shrub are 40 cm. With proper haircut, you can give the shape of a ball that fits best with this shrub. Young shoots are red-brown in color, but by the fall it changes to pure brown.
Shrub leaves have a bright purple color when illuminated by the sun. Leaf size is about 1 cm wide. Form - ovoid. If the plant is in the shade, then the shade changes to green-red. In autumn, the color of the leaves changes to bright red again. In the winter the leaves fall.
For a year, shoots grow by about 2 cm. The barberry of Bagatelle blooms with small yellow flowers, which are collected in inflorescences. The flowering period is May-June. When planting, prefers a lighted spot or light penumbra.
In the second half of September, berries ripen. The fruits of the barberry Bagatel oblong, shiny, edible. The shrub is able to tolerate heat and drought. Winters frosty also tolerates easily if there is enough snow cover.
Barberry Thunberg Bagatelle in landscape design
In landscape design, this type of shrub is used very widely. First of all, they are clipped hedges and various fences.
And also beautifully look group compositions in which the most different grades of a barberry are combined.
Compact plant looks beautiful and in single plantings, especially in sunny areas.
Various rock gardens and group planting with barberry look especially luxurious.
With proper use of the site can make a real greenhouse.
You can arrange a plain landscape using only the barberry Bagatelle, as in the photo.
To cope with the arrangement of the site with the help of barberry can even a layman. It is important to choose the right landing site, as well as regularly carry out formative pruning.
Planting and caring for the barberry Turnn Bagatel
For the formation of a luxurious look in a shrub it is necessary not only to trim it correctly, but also to grow it, according to all the conditions of agricultural technology. Barberry of this variety can be called an unpretentious plant, but its care nuances exist.
The shrub requires watering and fertilizing, obligatory pruning twice a year, as well as protection against certain diseases and pests that can damage the appearance of the shrub and slow down its growth rate. The very first question that confronts a gardener is where and how to plant barberry Bagatel.
Preparation of seedlings and planting area
First of all, it is necessary to determine the place. Barberry Bagatel loves the sun, only in open sunny areas there will be a rich purple color of leaves. It is worth paying attention to the location of groundwater. Barberry does not like too wetland soil, and from the increased humidity there are diseases of the root system.
The unpretentious Bagatel to soil acidity, although the parameters of neutral acidity are better suited than all the others. The plant will successfully survive the dry summer, will not grow worse in a strong wind, will survive the frost. In principle, for planting, you can choose any convenient place, and with a strong moisture of the soil, you can simply drain.
For seedlings, it is advisable to prepare a hole in advance, a couple of weeks before the intended planting. Distance is recommended to maintain, depending on the garden composition:
- single planting - 1.5-2 m between bushes;
- for dense fencing - 4 shrubs per linear meter;
- for free hedge - 2 plants per linear meter.
At the bottom of the pit should cover a layer of coarse sand. If the soil is too wet and the groundwater is close, then it is recommended to lay out the drainage of pebbles under the sand. The width of the seat should be greater than the root system of the seedling.
If the soil is acidic, then it will need liming. For each bush enough to make 300 grams of hydrated lime, so that the soil becomes neutral.
Planting barberry Bagatel
For planting used nutrient mixture. It is made from humus, sand and garden soil. All components must be taken in equal quantities. Landing is carried out as follows:
- On top of the drainage you need to slide a small amount of the nutrient mixture, which is described above.
- Put a seedling, gently straighten the horses.
- Pour all the remaining nutrient mixture so that the root neck is at ground level.
- Earth to condense.
- Shrub water.
- Mulch sapling with peat.
The seedling is cut off part, which is located above the ground, but be sure to leave the site with several healthy buds.
Watering and feeding
Barberry Turnberg Bagatel, according to the descriptions of experts, categorically does not like excess moisture. Optimal for him to organize drip irrigation. Or make sure that the root system does not get stuck. If the summer is rainy, then you do not need to water the bush at all. He has enough natural moisture.
As for feeding, then in the first two years of life it is not needed. Then the plant will need nitrogen fertilizers. In 10 liters of water dissolve 30 g of urea. This is enough until the age of 6 plants.
And also do not interfere with granular fertilizers, which are applied immediately before the start of flowering. In the second year of life in the fall, potash fertilizers will not interfere.
As necessary, be sure to weed the shrub, as well as loosen the soil near it. Before fertilizing, loosening is a mandatory procedure. If you do not get rid of weeds, then the shrub may appear diseases or pests that badly spoil the appearance Bagatelles.
Barberry Bagatel, like any ornamental shrub, freely tolerates pruning. If it is not produced, the appearance deteriorates, the growth is inhibited, and the yield of barberry decreases. There are two types of pruning: sanitary and formative.
Sanitary pruning barberry Bagatel carried out in the spring when you need to remove frozen and sick shoots. In addition, dried branches must be removed during the whole season. A large number of dry shoots adversely affect the health of the entire shrub.
For the arrangement of hedges, formative pruning is carried out in the second year after planting, and then annually 2 times in early June and in August. Both times cut from 1/3 length to 2/3.
Bush Bagatel is so compact that in some hedges does not even need pruning. With single landings, it is easy to give any shape to the barberry Bagatel, but preferably spherical.
For proper pruning, you need tools of good quality and sharp: a handsaw, pruner, brush cutters.
Preparing for the winter
If there is no guarantee that the winter will be snowy, then the bush will have to be prepared. Barberry Bagatel is able to tolerate frosts, but preferably under a layer of snow. In the first two years, the seedling is recommended to cover. For this, lapticep, peat or straw are successfully used. In older adults, you can cover only the root zone. With very harsh winters, some gardeners bend side branches to the soil and also warm them with spruce branches.
The propagation of barberry Bagatel occurs in different ways. Each gardener chooses the most convenient method. Bagatelle multiplies:
- By layering and root shoots - the method is used infrequently, because the processes do not always preserve all the signs of the mother plant. They can and "run wild."
- Seeds. Troublesome method, especially since the seeds of only 40% germination. Sapling is obtained only two years after planting. The process is time consuming and therefore takes a long time.
- Cuttings - the most popular and easiest way of breeding Bagatelle shrub. For cuttings are used pruning obtained in summer or autumn. But summer pruning is considered a better option.
- By dividing a bush - during transplantation, the mother bush is divided into several parts, each of which becomes an independent plant.
After planting, the care of the sapling in the first year is carried out more thoroughly, until the plant fully takes root and begins to blossom and bear fruit.
Diseases and pests
The most common diseases of barberry Bagatel:
- powdery mildew;
- spotting of various species;
It should be treated with specialized drugs, according to the instructions.
Of the pests, the most dangerous is barberry aphid, which leads to wilting and wrinkling of leaves. For the prevention and treatment, soap and tobacco solutions are used.
Barberry Bagatel is used to decorate the plots, and its fruits - a healing tool that is used in many recipes of traditional medicine. This variety has a compact shrub and unpretentiousness. Delight is caused by red leaves, which are particularly rich in sunny areas. In the presence of shade, the leaves become with a green tint that already does not look so luxurious.