Agrotechnology of honey beetles of Mordovnik sharogolovogo is the selection of a suitable soil composition, time and technology of planting seeds. The subsequent care of the plant, including watering and fertilizing, affects the germination and medoproduktivnosti Late summer honey plant.
The herbaceous plant Mordovnik sharogolovy - a representative of the Astrovich family, distributed in Western Europe, the North Caucasus District, in the South, the European part of the Russian Federation, found in Siberia and the Urals. The plant blooms in early July. Perennial Mordovnik sharogolovy belongs to medicinal plants, cultivated as a honey plant. In pharmacology, it is the basis of the drug Echinopsin. Used in folk medicine.
External description of the plant:
- Mordovnik grows up to 2 m in height.
- The stem is long, thin, branched upward. Trichomes of a brown shade are formed along the entire length, resembling a nap.
- The leaves of Echinops sharogolovogo pinwheat with formations on the edge in the form of small spines. A plate of elongated shape (up to 20 cm), up to 8 cm wide, the surface is rough, the edges are carved. The color of the upper part is saturated green, the lower part of the leaf plate is of a light gray color. Leaves grow all over the stem in the form of a spiral, the diameter is larger at the base, decreases to the top, leaves are small at the end point of growth.
- The flowers are located on the main axis, collected in a spherical, prickly inflorescence up to 400 pieces. Up to 35 inflorescences with a diameter of up to 6 cm are formed on the stem. Depending on the type, the flowers are of white, light blue or blue color.
- Gives fruits in the form of cylindrical seedlings with a cupped tuft.
- The root system is pivotal, in-depth.
Mordovnik sharogolovy fruiting for 2 years of vegetation, the first season the plant forms a basket of long leaves, the diameter of which is about 65 cm. Flowering begins in July and lasts until mid-August. Culture belongs to the second-wave honey plants, which bloom after the May and June honey plants. The flowers of Echinops Sharogolovogo available to bees all day light, closed with no light at all.
What types exist
Mordovnik has more than 180 species. Most of it grows like weeds on roadsides, wastelands, forest edges, in the steppe. Mordovnik grow three types.
In addition to sharogolovogo, cultivate Mordovnik ordinary. This compact honey plant does not extend upwards of more than 65 cm. The central stem and the lower side of the leaf plate are covered with glandular trichomes. The color of the leaves is bright green, the same throughout the leaf, 15 cm long. It blooms at the end of summer with white, with a blue tint inflorescences, with a diameter of 2.5 cm.
The height of Mordovnik broadleaf is about 80 cm. The stalk is hard, thick, covered with silver trichomes, looks white against the foliage. Leaves are up to 25 cm long, 10 cm wide, green color. Along the edge are wide barbs ending in spines. Blooms in blue or purple flowers.Attention! In terms of flowering culture refers to the early, inflorescences appear from the first decade of May to mid-June.
Benefits of growing as a honey plant
Cultivation of the plant Mordovnik as a honey plant does not require any special agrotechnology. The culture tolerates night and daytime temperature drops, and weeds are not affected by the growing season. After sowing, Mordovnik needs only one additional feed. The plant is drought-resistant, can do for a long time without watering, but for greater productivity in the first year of growth the plant needs moderate watering. Then the root system goes deep into the soil, soil moisture becomes irrelevant.
The advantage of Mordovnik sharogolovogo is the allocation of nectar during the entire illuminated time, regardless of the weather. Honey plant blooms relatively late, is the main supplier of nectar. Duration of flowering about 45 days. The spring harvest goes mainly to feed the children, and at the end of the summer mass harvesting of honey for the winter, therefore planting the plant is economically justified. Echinops sharogolovy grows in one place for 10 years, independently dispersing seeds and filling empty spaces.
The plant is aesthetically pleasing, harmoniously looks with flower crops on the site, complements the design of the landscape. It is a favorite among honey plants. It has healing properties, the fruits consist of active substances, which are widely used in alternative medicine and pharmacology.
Mordovnik sharogolovy cultivated as feed for livestock. Cutting is carried out 3 times during the summer-autumn season. The first two go to the fodder, the last is laid in the silo pits. For the winter, farmers provide animals with a feed additive with a large amount of useful trace elements.
The main factor for breeding culture - medoproduktivnost. In Russia, only linden during active flowering can compete with Mordovnik in the production of nectar. Each inflorescence of Mordovnika Sharogolovy contains about 70% of polysaccharide and disaccharide compounds.
Inflorescence large, round shape allows several bees to settle on it. Up to 170 individuals can visit a plant per hour. Nectar is produced constantly. The productivity of Mordovnik sharogolovogo with favorable climatic conditions - from 0.5 to 0.9 tons of honey per 1 ha. Low-growing varieties give 350 kg from the same territory. In a very dry summer, productivity drops by 35%.
Nectar is generated in the flower of the honey plant by nectaries, it flows out through the conical passage to the surface, completely covering the entire inflorescence. At high humidity and temperature not lower than +250 C, one flower of Echinops Sharogolovogo able to produce up to 7 mg of a clear, colorless substance with a tart flavor.
Mordovnik growing as a honey plant
Mordovnik sharogolovy planted in large areas of seeds. On the plot you can multiply the honey plant by dividing an adult 2-year-old bush. Work carried out in the spring. This method is laborious, root system Mordovnik rod, in-depth. There are pluses in this method of breeding: by the end of the summer culture will bloom.
What soils grows honey
Mordovnik sharogolovy grows everywhere, it can be planted on previously untreated plots, the main condition is a sufficient amount of ultraviolet radiation. Vegetation slows down in the shade. Soils for planting choose neutral chernozem, or clay, fertilized with organic matter. The best option - the field after wheat or corn. Swampy areas with close groundwater are not suitable, the root system rots in such conditions, the honey plant can die.
Terms and sowing rules
Seeds of Mordovnik sharogolovogo can be collected independently or purchased. Sowing is carried out in open ground in autumn from mid-September to late October. They rarely resort to spring sowing, since the culture grows more slowly.
Algorithm of actions:
- Seeds are mixed with sawdust.
- Make recesses (2.5 cm) in the form of grooves.
- Spread the harvested mixture.
- Fall asleep ground.
- The distance between the rows is at least 65 cm.
In temperate climates, a Mordovnik honey bee plant is planted on a small plot using the seedling method. Works on laying seeds are carried out in early March in containers with peat. In two weeks, the culture will give young shoots. On the site planted in early May.
The honey plant Mordovnik sharogolovy does not require virtually any agricultural technology. In the first spring after planting, it is recommended to feed the culture with nitrate or nitrogenous fertilizers. For normal growth, one top dressing is sufficient; in subsequent years, fertilizers are not applied. After the complete formation of the root system, the plant shows good drought resistance. The first year of the honey plant in the hot summer without rains requires moderate watering, it should not be allowed to re-wet the soil.
What type to give preference
For agricultural purposes planted Mordovnik broadleaf. In the first year of growth, it forms a powerful rosette of long leaves. The spines at the end of the leaf plate are formed as rudiments. After cutting, the plant is quickly restored; by the fall, before harvesting, the silage reaches a height of 20 cm.
Mordovnik ordinary - weed plant that grows in the wild. It is used mainly for the design of the territory. Nectar, collected from this variety, is a part of honey from raznotravya.
For the production of honey, preference is given to Mordovnik Sharogolovym. This is the most productive type of culture. The inflorescences are large, spines that form in the first year of growth, protect the honey plant from damage by herbivorous pets.
What properties does mordovnik honey have?
Bee product of light amber color, liquid consistency with a delicate aroma. Long does not form crystals. After crystallization, the color becomes beige with a whitish tint. It has healing properties, tinctures are made of it, used in its natural form. Apply mordovnikovy honey for the treatment of:
- headache of different localization;
- infectious diseases;
- pathology of the digestive system;
- joint abnormalities, back pain;
- age-related multiple sclerosis;
- cardiovascular disease.
The agrotechnical of the honey beetles of Mordovnik sharogolovogo does not require significant material costs, they will pay off completely the next year, when the culture blooms. A perennial plant, in one area grows for a long time, gradually filling the voids with self-sowing. The field, located near the apiary, will provide the bees with a sufficient amount of nectar for the production of marketable honey.