Celery root is a healthy and tasty vegetable. It is grown for large root crops with a spicy smell and taste. The culture is unpretentious and matures in all weather conditions. Photos of celery root and its characteristics will help you choose the appropriate variety for cultivation on the site.
Variety of Celery Root Varieties
Celery is a biennial plant that belongs to the Umbrella family. His homeland is considered the Mediterranean. In Russia, became widespread in the time of Catherine II.
Root varieties form a powerful root crop with a diameter of up to 20 cm. A rosette of leaves grows up to 50 cm in height. The root crop has a thin skin, the pulp is usually white or yellowish. From him depart the side roots. Flowering occurs in July and August. Crop is removed in September.Important! Celery root is rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins, organic acids. Regular intake of root crops strengthens the immune system and stimulates the work of the stomach.
Depending on the ripening period, all root varieties are divided into groups:
- early maturing
For personal use choose early hybrids. If the vegetables are left for storage, then preference is given to the middle and late varieties. In the middle lane and in the south grow different types of culture. For the northern regions is not recommended to choose late varieties, because they do not have time to mature.
Older celery varieties have many lateral roots. They take a lot of nutrients and do not allow the root to form. Gardeners have to rake the land around the celery root and remove the processes manually.
To avoid unnecessary work, choose varieties without lateral roots or with small processes. Basically, these are new hybrids that form leveled root vegetables.
The best celery root varieties
When choosing celery for planting, its yield, quality of root crops, and resistance to diseases are taken into account. Most varieties are included in the state register.
Celery Root Diamond
Middle early root variety, the growing season is 150 - 160 days. The height is average, the plant is a little sprawling. The leaves are green, large, stalks are not very long. Vegetable rounded, powerful, gray-yellow color. Popular celery root without side roots. Root crops have a mass of 200 to 300 g. The flesh is snow-white, retains color after cooking.
Diamant Root Celery is valued for its good flavor. The plant does not release arrows and rarely suffers from septaria. Yield from 1 square. m planting ranges from 2.3 to 4.0 kg. The variety is included in the State Register and recommended for cultivation in all regions of Russia.
Celery Root Egor
Egor root celery yields a crop in average terms: the period from the appearance of sprouts to technical ripeness takes 175 days. The leaves are collected in a half-raised outlet. Celery is round, powerful, greyish yellow, with a smooth surface. Weight from 250 to 450 g. The flesh is white, fragrant.
For the Yegor root variety, yield, high content of sugars, essential oils, and mineral salts is characteristic. From 1 square. m clean up to 3 kg. Hybrid is recommended to grow in the Central, North-West and East-Siberian region.
Known root variety of Czech selection. Ripens in average time after 160 days after germination. Forms rounded root crops, up to 13 cm in girth. The flesh is white, fragrant, retains color after heat treatment. Leaves up to 40 cm high are used as greens for salads and other dishes.
The root variety Albin contains minerals, organic acids, vitamins. Lateral roots are few, located at the bottom. Crop harvested in September - October. Variety Albin suitable for planting in all regions.Attention! Celery root shelf life is 3 to 6 months.
Industrial variety of root celery. Forms the leveled root crops weighing from 300 to 400 g. Leaves are collected in erect outlet. The flesh is white, juicy.
Anita root celery ripens in mid-late. The culture is resistant to cold, makes the temperature drop to +4 ° C. The plant is sensitive to moisture deficiency, prefers a light and fertile soil. Harvest long stored in a cool place.
The oldest root variety obtained by domestic breeders. Maturation is more average, not later than 150 days. Forms root crops of rounded shape and weighing up to 150 g. There are few side shoots. Pulp with a pleasant aroma, white color and good taste.
Variety Gribovsky valued for simplicity and stable yield. It is used fresh and dried for the winter. Vegetables are stored for a long time in cool conditions. Variety Gribovsky suitable for cultivation in different regions.
Esaul root celery fruits on average. The crop reaches technical maturity 150 days after the emergence of seedlings. Vegetables have a rounded shape and an average weight of 350 g. Maximum weight is 900 g. The color is whitish-gray, the surface is smooth, the lateral roots are located in the lower part of the root crop.
Celery Esaul is easy to clean due to the average immersion in the soil. The pulp contains essential oils and minerals. The yield of the Esaul variety reaches 3.5 per 1 sq. M. m. Appointment table, suitable for side dishes and salads.
Cascade Root Celery bred by Dutch breeders. Ripening is more average, the growing season is 150 days. Differs in a low arrangement of roots that simplifies cleaning. The socket is high, raised. The leaves are large, green. Vegetables are round, white, medium size. Pulp whitish, does not change color in the process of cooking.
Variety Cascade recommended for cultivation in the Central region. Productivity is high, up to 3.5 kg per 1 sq. M. m. Resistance to chalcosporosis is high. Vegetables tolerate storage and transportation.
The root variety of srednerannogo fructification, brings a harvest after 150 days after germination of seeds. The Prague giant is large in size and weighs up to 500 g. The pulp is aromatic, rich in vitamins, has a delicate flavor.
Celery Prague giant is resistant to cold snaps, grows best in sunny areas. Seeds are planted in beds in April or May. From 1 square. m clean up to 4 kg. Harvest long stored after harvest.
Variety President bred by Dutch experts. Ripens in average terms. Vegetables are large, weighing up to 500 g, round and smooth. The core is dense, white. The taste is delicate and piquant. The leaves are medium dark green. The harvest is easy to assemble and clean.
Celery President gives a yield of 3.3 kg per 1 square. m. The plant is resistant to adverse conditions. Variety prefers sunny areas with fertile soil. Recommended for planting in the whole of Russia.
Celery Russian Size is large. Individual copies reach a mass of 2.5 kg. The yield is influenced by the landing site: light, light fertile soil.Tip! To collect large root crops, special attention is paid to care. Plants are regularly watered and fed.
The flesh is juicy, with a pleasant aroma, has a slight nutty flavor. On average, the mass of Russian variety. Size ranges from 0.8 to 1.3 kg. Crop cleaned in September. The hybrid will be suitable for cultivation in an average strip and colder regions.
Celery Strong middle ripening. Crop harvested at 140 days after seed germination. The leaves are powerful, dark green. Vegetables are round, yellow in color, weighing from 90 to 200 g, in girth reach 12 cm. Inside the core is juicy, white.
The grade of the Athlete is grown up in the territory of all Russia. Productivity in the range of 2.3 - 2.7 kg per square meter. Fresh and dried celery is used in cooking. Vegetables are harvested as they ripen.
Known root hybrid, included in the State Register in 1961. Ripens in the early stages, within 120 - 150 days after the appearance of sprouts. It has a spicy aroma and good taste. The socket consists of 20 dark green leaves.
Vegetables are round, slightly flattened. The flesh is juicy, white in color, with a delicate aftertaste. The average weight is 150 g. The crop is well stored and transported, preserves the taste in dried form.
Celery Root Varieties for Siberia
Root celery is a cold-resistant culture that successfully grows in Siberia. For planting choose varieties of early and medium fruiting. It is best to grow hybrids that do not have lateral roots.
In Siberia, seeds of root celery are planted in early February. The first shoots appear after 14 - 20 days. Seedlings are watered and fed with mineral complexes. On the beds it is transferred in May - June, when frosts will be. Under the culture allocate a sunny place with fertile soil. Plants do not require hilling, just water them and apply fertilizer.
For planting in the Siberian regions choose the variety Esaul, Egor, Anita, the Prague giant, Makar, Diamant, Maxim. Celery Gribovsky and Apple give too small root vegetables.
Photos of celery root and its description will help you choose the variety for cultivation on the site. The best hybrids are included in the State Register, have good taste and high immunity to diseases.