Pear Pakham appeared on the Russian market relatively recently. This variety grows on the territory of South America and Australia. For the excellent taste of the fruit fell in love with many gardeners. The flesh is quite dense, but at the same time juicy, sweet taste with a slight presence of sourness. After harvesting pears, pakhams can be stored in a cool, well-ventilated place.
Where does pakham pear grow?
Pakham pear is a variety of Bartlett variety. In the XIX century, the breeder C. Peckham began to breed a hybrid, after which the tree received the appropriate name.
Fruits were brought to Russia from Chile, Argentina and South Africa. Planting material is suitable for breeding in places with a temperate climate, therefore it is necessary to take into account that the saplings need shelter for the winter.
Description of the Pakham pear variety
The ripened fruits of the Pakham variety have an oblong and irregular shape, as a rule, there are small tubercles. The average weight of the fruit is 200 g. The peel is rough, saturated green color, there are blotches. At the time of maturation, the shade changes to yellow or cream.
Young saplings look like a pyramid with a spreading crown. The size of the leaves is average, there is a small amount of them on the tree. When the fruits begin to ripen, the branches fall to the ground, making the shape of the tree irregular. In the adult state, the tree is able to grow up to 3 m in height. Flowering and fruiting rather late, the tree can enjoy a harvest of about 80 years.Important! Given the description of the Pakham pear, it is not recommended to plant a seedling on sandstones.
At the time of ripening, the fruit becomes yellow, after which the pears become creamy. The flesh is juicy and sweet, crunches when eaten.
Ripe fruits are low-calorie, while pears contain a large amount of vitamins, micro-and macronutrients. By eating Pakha pears, poisonous components can be eliminated from the body. If you ensure optimal storage conditions, then the harvest will be in the basement for about 2 months.Attention! If we consider BJU (proteins, fats, carbohydrates) of Pakham pears, the percentage ratio is as follows: 0.85: 0.31: 8.52g, and nutritional value - 2.95%.
Pros and cons varieties
Studying the benefits of a Pakkham pear, it is necessary to highlight:
- high yields;
- excellent taste;
- long shelf life of the crop.
According to gardeners, significant drawbacks are:
- quite low level of frost resistance;
- susceptibility to diseases and insect pests.
Before giving preference to a certain grade of pear, it is recommended to study the available features.
Optimum conditions for growing
If we take into account the description of a Pakkham pear and gardeners' responses, we can conclude that the seedling is suitable for cultivation in all regions where moderate climatic conditions are observed. The only drawback is the low level of frost resistance, and the need for shelter for the winter. Without covering works, the root system can freeze, causing the entire tree to die.
Planting and maintenance of a Pakham pear
In order to achieve high yields, it is necessary to ensure proper care for pear Pakham. In order for trees to be healthy, it is necessary to carry out preventive work on pest and disease control.
For planting choose seedlings under the age of 2 years and a height of 1.5 m. The branches of a young tree must be flexible, and the root system is strong. Before planting a Pakh pear in open ground, you should keep the roots in a growth stimulator (for example, in Kornevin or Heteroauxin) for 12 hours, which will allow the seedling to settle down much better. After completing the work, pear trees should be watered, each root takes about 20 liters of water.
Watering and feeding
Fertilizers are applied throughout the year:
- in the spring, liquid fertilizers are used under the roots, in the summer - preparations with a nitrogen content;
- in July, it is recommended to make mineral and nitrogen supplements; if necessary, phosphorus can be added;
- Nitrogen substances are used in September;
- before the onset of winter, potassium and superphosphates are introduced.
Regularly watered seedlings, recently planted in open ground. After watering, the ground is loosened, which helps prevent the appearance of an earth crust. So that the water evaporates slowly, the ground around the pear tree is mulched, covered with manure or dry leaves.Tip! If a Pakham pear was planted in summer, watering should be regular.
Formation of young trees begin to engage in the spring, before the onset of the growing season. To do this, weak side shoots are removed completely, with the result that stronger branches unhindered strengthen the base of the tree.
Pruning adult pear trees are 2 times throughout the year:
- in early spring;
- late fall, when the movement of juices slows down. In this case, it is required to remove old branches and thin out the crown.
The pear Pakkham needs whitewashing in order that in the course of growth the trunk was not subject to frostbite and sunburn. Otherwise, cracks appear in the tree bark, which are penetrated by pests, fungal spores, and the process of infection of the fruit tree begins. You can buy ready-made solution in a specialized store or prepare it yourself.
Preparing for the winter
The root system of the Pakham pear needs shelter for the winter. The algorithm works as follows:
- Barrel wrapped with paper, cardboard or straw.
- Weeds are removed around the landing pit.
- Before you send the tree for the winter, it is watered abundantly.
- If necessary, you can apply fertilizer.
In order for a pear tree to tolerate a lower temperature better, it is necessary to pretreat the plant with the Ekobin or Zircon solution.
When growing pears, it is taken into account that there are varieties capable of self-pollination, but most pear trees, including the Pakham variety, are self-productive. If the process of pollination occurs naturally, then there will be no result, and the fruits will not be tied. As a pollinator for this variety, use Forest Beauty, Olivier de Serre, Klapp Favorite.
If necessary, you can pollinate fruit trees yourself. To do this, purchase a special drug in the store and according to the enclosed instructions carry out pollination of pears to Pakham.
Before proceeding with the planting of planting material, it is recommended to first examine the advantages, disadvantages and features of the Pakham pear. As a rule, planting should be a group, should not be planted trees singly, since there is a high probability that the seedling will die.
As a rule, abundant fruiting. It is possible to start assembling the finished crop 4 years after the tree has been planted in open ground. The period of active fruiting falls on the seventh year of the tree's life. As experienced gardeners have managed to notice, from each specimen can be collected from 80 to 150 kg of ripe fruits.
Calorie pear pakham
Calorie pear Pakham is 42 kcal per 100 grams, in addition, the composition includes:
- proteins - 0.7 g;
- fats - 0.2 g;
- carbohydrates - 10.9 g;
- acidity is moderate.
Fruits contain beneficial substances, but they can adversely affect the gastrointestinal tract, therefore it is not recommended:
- drink water with fruit;
- eat on an empty stomach;
- combine with meat and cottage cheese products.
If you stick to these recommendations, then Pakh pears will bring significant benefits to the body.Attention! The stronger the pear flavor, the more nutrients it contains.
Diseases and pests
Most often, the Pakham pear is affected by rot, fungus and insects. Conducting preventive measures and timely treatment, you can save the health of the tree. Among the common problems gardeners have noted the following:
- scab - the fruits of an infected tree begin to crack and grow stiff;
- rot - a disease that birds bring in, resulting in growths on the fruit;
- black cancer - the tree itself is infected, the bark begins to deform.
To prevent diseases, you can use traditional methods or insecticides.
Reviews for pear PakhamTatyana Semenova, 49 years old, Moscow. For the first time, Pakham pear was tasted by friends, she loved the taste, and decided to try growing it herself. The look is rather unusual - small bumps, "freckles", the fruit is quite heavy, rich yellow color. The yield was high, as it provided the tree with quality care, timely watered, applied fertilizer. If you give pears some time to lie down after harvesting, they will be much richer. Ivan Streltsov, 62, Ulyanovsk I have been engaged in growing pears for quite some time. Since the yield is always high, I sell most of it, I use the rest for personal purposes. The flesh is pleasant to the taste, hard, crunching when biting, juicy, sweet. Due to the high content of vitamins, this pear variety is popular with consumers. Unfortunately, Pakkham more often than all the other varieties are ill, if trees are treated in a timely manner, infections can be avoided.
Pakham pear is valued by many gardeners for high yields. From each tree, 80 to 150 kg of ripe fruits are harvested, with up to 40 tons of pear produced from 1 ha. Fruits have a large number of advantages: excellent taste, juiciness, long storage. Pears of this variety contain many vitamins, so they are recommended for children and adults.