The output of honey from one hive per season depends on many factors: both basic and indirect. Predicting pumping is 100% difficult even for an experienced beekeeper.
What factors affect the amount of honey
The amount of honey produced by one bee-farm is affected by:
- the severity of winter weather;
- size of the bee nest;
- bee productivity;
- the timing of the spring season;
- the number of rainy and sunny summer days;
- the onset of the autumn season.
Accordingly, the longer the warm and sunny season lasts, the more honey can be collected from one hive.
Depending on the climatic zone, beekeepers choose bee breeds. The Carpathian and Central Russian individuals are considered the most resistant to frosty winters and changeable summer of central Russia.
The honey base also affects the quality and quantity of the crop. Preferred options when placing an apiary consider places close to mass plantings of flowering trees or sown meadows. The most useful for fees include linden and buckwheat.
If there are not enough honey plants in the district, beekeepers apply the method of wandering, in which the hives are transported closer to flowering plantations.Important! It is not advisable to travel outside the same climate zone. Insects can be stressed, which can negatively affect future harvest.
How much honey does one bee bring
In the bribe process, a bee can bring approximately 30 mg of nectar into the hive. In a good period, the insect makes about ten sorties and the collection reaches 40 - 50 mg at a time. For 1 tsp. honey she needs to make 2 thousand sorties.
How much honey a bee brings for its life
The lifetime of an individual depends on the time of birth. On average, the bee lives for about 60 days. And only 20 of them make productive departures.
Least of all living bees were born in the spring. The summer peak of the honey harvest season makes insects work at a “shock” pace. This significantly reduces the lifespan.
Those born in the summer live longer, but, as a rule, do not survive the frosty winters.
The bees, born in the fall, are able to survive to the summer of next year and take part in the harvest. This is due to the winter dormancy period and full nutrition rich in microelements.
Flying about 40 km a day, the bee brings 17-20 g of nectar. From this amount, g of the final product is obtained.
Thus, an insect in its life brings about 5 grams, or 1/2 tsp. delicacies.
How much honey does a hive give
The size of a beekeeper and the peculiarities of its design affect the volume of a bribe. The most effective are considered spacious multihull hives.
The absence of overheating preserves the activity of insects, increases their endurance for long flights, and also minimizes the likelihood of swarming.
On average, beekeepers from the hive can collect about 16 kilograms.
How much honey brings a hive per day
Getting delicacy from 1 hive depends on the size. The smallest contain 8 frames. The maximum possible number of frames - 24.
The house can accommodate from 70 to 110 thousand individuals. Taking into account these data, from one hive per day you can get from 1 to 1.5 kg of honey.
How much honey in the frame Dadana
Nest frame, designed by Charles Dadan, has a size of 430 * 300 mm, semi-frame - 430 * 150 mm.
According to the creator, to get the maximum number of liters of honey from one hive per season, the best are the houses with 12 frames or 24 semi-frames.
The most popular second option.
So, one half frame with honey weighs 2 - 2.5 kg. At the same time, the weight of the frame itself reaches 1.5-2 kg, and wax - up to 100 g. As a result, 24-32 kg are collected from 1 hive.
How much honey can be obtained from the hive per season with nomadic apiary
The principle of nomadic beekeeping involves the repeated, from two to seven, movements of the apiary to places at the peak of flowering.
This creates large labor costs for relocation, financial investments and the risk of family death due to changing conditions. However, throughout the season the nomadic content of the apiary significantly increases the amount of bribe from the honey base.
Experienced beekeepers recommend reducing the number of hives and making every effort to improve the performance of each remaining bee nest.
Under good weather conditions, minimal risks of swarming and insect death, 1 hive mobile apiary gives about 150 kg of honey per season. In the most successful years, this figure can reach 200 kg.
How much honey brings a hive per season at the stationary apiary
In a good year, the output of honey from one hive is about 70 - 80 kg - with a comfortable way of keeping insects. Quality service conditions include:
- regular supervision;
- usual living conditions;
- availability of equipped rooms for pumping;
- ensuring a good honey base.
A record level of product receipt, the indicator is 100 kg.Attention! At the stationary apiary, there is no possibility of obtaining a monofler (lime, buckwheat, sweet clover, etc.) product.
How much honey can be collected from the hive over the summer
In central Russia, pumping is carried out twice during the summer, in late June and early August.
The collection of honey from one hive of the standard type, equipped with 24 half-frames, is 15-20 kg. It's related:
- with the inability to completely clean the cell;
- the need to leave the food to the bees themselves.
In good summer, one hive brings 30 - 40 kg of honey.
How much honey gives a hive per year
Bees are able to replenish their stocks up to four times per season in central Russia. In the southern regions, the figure reaches ten.
For the season from one hive you can collect 70 - 80 kg of honey.
With maximum collection, the amount of product from 1 bee jack can reach up to 200 kg.
Depending on the type of hives, the number of received frames with the product varies:
- hull (small) - 8;
- sun beds (overall) - 24.
How to calculate how much honey apiary gives
On average, private apiaries contain up to 50 hives. In 1 bee house there are 20 - 25 kg of natural sweetness. During the season, about 20% of honey is left in the hives. It is necessary to maintain normal life and activity of bees, as well as for their nutrition during pumping. With the last fence, the stock for the winter should be at least 60%.
Considering that in central Russia, bribes are taken no more than four times a year, with a standard apiary you can get up to 4 thousand kg of honey per year. In the southern regions, where pumping is carried out up to 10 times a year, the crop can reach 10 thousand kg.
Some beekeepers replace the natural product with sugar syrup. But, the lack of essential trace elements in the winter diet can lead to the weakening and even death of bees.
The output of honey from one hive in a significant amount requires special knowledge. Good results are obtained by enriching food with vitamins, heating in winter and a nomadic method of maintenance.
Beekeeping is a very troublesome and painstaking task. However, the efforts made bring substantial income. Experienced beekeepers often develop and apply new methods to increase yield. Depending on how much honey is pumped from one hive per season, the total profit depends.