The name of the flower anemone is translated from Greek as "daughter of the wind." Sometimes it is called simply anemone. Perhaps this is due to the fact that with any vibration of the air the petals begin to tremble, and the peduncles sway.
Anemones will decorate any garden, they will be appropriate in flowerbeds, and some species look good with solid plantings under the trees. Not all beginner growers know that there are about 150 species of this plant, many of which can be grown in the backyard. They have different requirements for placement and care. Perhaps that is why the wonderful flower of anemone is not so often found in our garden. Planting in the fall in open ground is not suitable for all species. Consider this question in detail.
Before proceeding directly to planting and care, let's take a closer look at the anemone. This flower belongs to the family of buttercups and grows everywhere in the temperate latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. Some species of anemone live even in Alaska and in the Arctic. Hence the different requirements for growing conditions.
Flowers of different types are a little like each other. They can be modest, like an anemone, bright and catchy, like a crown anemone. Among them there are crumbs of 10 cm in size and giants about 1 m high. The color of the rims is also striking in diversity. There are types painted in pastel colors - white, blue, pink. Others strike with bright colors - yellow, red, blue, green, purple.
Classification of anemone species
Anemones are divided into groups by the type of root system.
The first includes ephemeroids - flowers with articulate long rhizomes with a very short growing season, growing in the forests:
The second group is represented by tuberous anemones with single buds and short vegetation:
Anemones with umbrella inflorescences, short rhizomes, thick and straight, represent the following group, its vegetation is extended for the whole season:
Anemones blooming in autumn are separated by a separate group:
All season grow anemone, which form the root offspring:
Anemones living under natural conditions in the Kuril Islands, Sakhalin and North America:
All of these types of anemone tolerate winter well without serious shelter in the middle lane. It is enough to mulch the soil with humus, peat or foliage of fruit trees. The exception is the coronous anemone, which is harboring even in the south, in other regions it should be dug out and stored nodules until spring.
Planting time anemones
When is it best to plant anemones? This is not an idle question. In contrast to most plants, which are indifferent when they are placed on a plot, in the fall or spring, the anemone prefers to be planted from the beginning of the growing season to the first days of summer.
For those anemone, whose roots are bulbs, this is not the rule, but the immutable law. Their transplantation is possible only in the spring or early summer period. Anemone ephemeroids bloom very early, then their aboveground parts dry out and they hide under the ground. Even if these anemones reproduce not with tubers, but with rhizomes, in the fall you simply will not find them, planting and care is carried out during a short growing season. The most beautiful of the anemone, castellated, generally in the soil contain to dry the aerial parts, then it must be dug.
The dates can be shifted only for rhizome anemone growing throughout the season. Planting in the fall, of course, is undesirable, but quite possible. The most undemanding can be called Japanese anemone. It can be transplanted without any problems throughout the year, except for the flowering period and the hot summer months.
So, we figured out when to plant anemones and the fact that early flowering or tuberous anemone should not be placed on the site in the fall. The next essential point in growing a flower is choosing the right place for it.
- All rhizomatous ephemeroids are shade-loving. They should be planted under a canopy of trees or on the north side of the plot.
- In the penumbra, you can grow most species of anemone.
- Only on the southern slopes arrange landing anemone crown, Caucasian, tender, Apennine. In the middle lane, they simply do not have enough light.
Features of autumn planting anemones
Now let's take a closer look at how to plant anemones in the fall.
Soil preparation for anemones
Anemone grows well on loose, light, moderately fertile soil. Only forest anemone is able to bloom on poor sandy soils. Although the plant needs abundant watering, stagnant water at the roots is unacceptable. If you plant an anemone on a slope, there will be no problems with this; in other cases, carefully select the site. If necessary, arrange drainage.
Before planting anemones, dig up the soil well, remove pebbles and weed roots. If necessary, apply organic fertilizer. Sour soil is not suitable for planting anemones. In order to rectify the situation, add ash or dolomite flour for digging.
Preparing anemones for planting
It is best to plant freshly dug out anemone in the fall. This is easy to do when moving to another place grown on your own site anemone. But if you purchased planting material in the garden center or on the market, it is better to soak the roots for several hours in epine, root or heteroauxin - this will significantly increase survival.
To plant anemones, choose a warm October day long before the frost. The plant must have time to adapt to the new place. But still do not expect that all anemones will survive the winter well, yet autumn is not the best time to plant them in the ground.
The distance between the anemones depends on the size. Position them loosely. Flowers growing in groups, for example, forest anemone themselves form curtains with time. Handle fragile roots carefully. If you are going to dig it on your own site before planting the anemone, try to transfer the plant to a new place with a clod of earth. This will significantly increase the chance of anemone to survive the winter well and bloom next year.
Dig a shallow hole - the rhizome is deepened by about 5 cm. If there is little humus and you have not brought it under the digging, you can pour a handful into the hole and mix it well with the ground. Be sure to pour plenty of anemone.
Anemone care after planting
Anemone care after planting consists in mulching the soil with peat or humus. If the autumn is warm, there is no rain, you can not overdry the soil. But even planting is unacceptable - there is a danger that the rhizome will rot.
In order to be able to check whether the anemone needs watering, moisten all the soil in the garden, and not just the hole. Then it will be enough for you to dig a hole 10 cm deep next to the planted plants, take a handful of earth and squeeze it in your fist.
- If, when you unclench your palm, it will only be slightly wet, and the soil will be collected in a loose lump, moisture is enough.
- Dry hand, the soil immediately crumbled - need watering.
- When a clod of earth is squeezed, moisture oozes through the fingers - an excess of moisture.
Sowing anemone seeds
Is it possible to sow anemone seeds in the fall? Do they shoot well? Often, even experienced growers can not grow anemone from seed. In nature, the plant is most often diluted vegetatively. Only some ephemeroids and forest anemone reproduce by self-sowing.
Even freshly harvested anemone seeds sprout disgustingly, no more than 25%. But they still need to grow before landing on a permanent place, and this is also not an easy task. The greatest germination give late autumn crops.
Fill wooden boxes with loose soil and stick them in a quiet place. Plant anemone. For the winter, cover with spruce branches or cover them with foliage. So the seeds will undergo stratification in natural conditions, and it will be easier to care for hardened shoots.
Preparing anemones for winter
Planting and caring for anemones in the southern areas is always easier than where winters are harsh. Adult plants are enough to fall asleep with a thin layer of leaves, peat or mullein. But in the autumn planting such a shelter is suitable only for the south. In the middle lane for warming the anemone that did not have time to root well, it was used spruce branches, straw, another mulch with a layer of not less than 10 cm.Important! In the spring, the shelter should be removed from the site so as not to interfere with the sprouts to turn.
Try to plant anemones in the spring or early summer, but if you do not succeed, follow our recommendations. Anemone - a beautiful flower, worth the effort to plant and care.