Chrysanthemums belong to the Astrovae or Compositae family. For the first time Confucius wrote about these flowers, which means that in the 1st century BC, China already knew about chrysanthemums and successfully used them in medicine, cosmetology and perfumery. Today it is known about several thousand varieties of these amazing flowers, varieties of chrysanthemums differ not only in color, but also in the form of petals, the size of the bush, the time of flowering. One of the newest varieties is Chrysanthemum Multiflora - a compact bush with many small brightly colored inflorescences. Multiflora is not intended for cutting, this variety was bred specifically for planting on flowerbeds and borders, chrysanthemum is suitable for decorating balconies, gazebos, greenhouses, planting in pots and boxes.
About the rules of planting and caring for chrysanthemum Multiflora, about the methods of reproduction of these flowers, recommendations for hibernation - will be discussed in this article. Here will also be listed the most popular varieties of Multiflora with photos and names, suggested options for planting and design of beds with compact chrysanthemums.
Features and varieties
Chrysanthemum Multiflora is a short, regular bush shaped bush. This subspecies of the plant belongs to the super-low-growing varieties, since the height of the Multiflora bush rarely exceeds 50 cm. Each bush is abundantly covered with small bright flowers, the shades of which can be very diverse. The leaves of the chrysanthemum are small, but they are not visible for hundreds of inflorescences.
Attention! It is not necessary to form Multiflora bushes, this chrysanthemum forms spherical bushes on its own - this ability is incorporated in the plant at the genetic level.
In accordance with the timing of flowering, all varieties of chrysanthemum Multiflora can be divided into three groups:
- Early varieties of chrysanthemum Multiflora bloom in August.
- With the onset of September, flowering species are blooming.
- The mid-flowering multiflora dissolves its buds only in late September - early October.
Flowering chrysanthemum Multiflora subspecies very long in time. So, early varieties can bloom profusely from August to the first frost.
Some experts suggest dividing Multiflora varieties also on such grounds as the height of the bush. However, practice shows that you can adjust the size of plants by pinching shoots and different planting periods. For a novice gardener, it is better to immediately buy that variety of chrysanthemum Multiflora, which is suitable for height:
- in superlow-growing chrysanthemums, the height and diameter of the bush are approximately equal and correspond to 20-30 cm (such varieties of Multiflora can be grown in a pot or in a box);
- medium tall flowers reach 30-40 cm, the diameter of the bush is usually the same;
- in tall varieties, bushes can reach 60-70 cm, such Multiflora will have to be tied up or created for it.
The height of chrysanthemums and the correct shape of their spherical bushes strongly depend on the weather and climatic conditions in the region, the place of planting and growing conditions.
Varieties of spherical colors
Growing chrysanthemum Multiflora today is one of the main trends and fashion trends in landscape design. These unpretentious flowers can be planted in Siberia and in the Moscow region, thermophilic beauties feel great in the southernmost corners of the country.
One of the advantages of the spherical shape is resistance to spring frosts, so you can plant chrysanthemums as early as April. But here the southern plants can not stand the winter frosts, practically throughout the whole territory of Russia, Multiflora has to be sheltered, and in the coldest regions the flowers are completely dug out for the winter.
The varieties of chrysanthemum Multiflora, common in temperate climates, with a photo and a brief description can be found below.
Multiflora of this variety belongs to medium-flowering chrysanthemum - its buds bloom in early September. Shrubs of spherical shape reach a diameter of 50 cm, and their height is the same. Inflorescences are small, lemon-yellow hue. The bush is just covered with delicate flowers.
This chrysanthemum can be considered tall, which is rare for Multiflora. The height of the bush Bransky Plum, on average, is 70 cm. The inflorescences are from small to medium, painted in a muted red tint.
Tip! Bransky Plum multiflora can be very interesting to beat, if you use this flower to create multi-tiered compositions on flower beds and flower beds.
The yellow Chrysanthemum Multiflora blooms so thickly and abundantly that the gardener often does not realize the presence of leaves of this plant - the entire spherical bush is covered with bright terry inflorescences.
A very early variety of Multiflora, which opens the buds at the beginning of the second decade of August. The balls reach a diameter of 50 cm. The color of the inflorescences is very delicate, pale orange.
Compact bushes of this chrysanthemum are covered with inflorescences in the form of pompons - small magnificent balls. The color of the flowers is delicate and interesting - a light-green shade of the core in combination with the snow-white tips of the petals.
Tip! Brandove White is perfect for multi-colored twin planting chrysanthemums of variegated shades. Neutral color of inflorescences of Multiflora Brandove White will be a good background for more juicy shades.
Not to notice these bushes with flowers of shade of hot Chilean pepper is simply impossible. In Branchili chrysanthemum, the height is small - about 40 cm, but the inflorescences are rather large - about 4 cm in diameter.
This Multiflora creates the illusion of two-color flowering: the opened inflorescences are colored in a golden-yellow shade, and the buds on the bushes are orange. Plant height is 50 cm. Flowering variety begins in the first days of September.
Very bright variety, with rich red buds. Chrysanthemum blooms early - late August-early September. Bushes of medium height - about 50 cm.
Attention! All chrysanthemums are conventionally divided into two large groups: large-flowered varieties are called Indian varieties, while small-flowered varieties are referred to as Korean species. Multiflora is a clear representative of the Korean group. Therefore, reviews of flower growers and disputes on the forums about the differences between Korean chrysanthemums and Multiflora are complete ignorance.
Chrysanthemum Multiflora lilac blooms, usually in mid-September (the exact time of flowering depends on the climate and weather conditions in a particular region). Bushes of the average size - 40-50 cm. Flowers are terry, painted in a beautiful lilac shade.
This chrysanthemum blooms also in mid-September. Bushes are small, compact, their height usually does not exceed 50 cm. The inflorescences are large, mauve.
The chrysanthemum of Brangala Multiflora is considered to be a bright representative of the pot varieties of this plant. The bushes of this variety are very compact, their height never exceeds 35 cm. The color of the inflorescences is coral. Frost resistance is low, so in the open field the flower is rarely grown.
Chrysanthemum Branroyal - a whole group of Multiflora, in the lineup of this variety there are many shades (white, yellow, orange, red and others). Bushes are usually small - up to 40 cm in diameter. The inflorescences are quite large - about 4.5 cm. A distinctive feature of the variety is a very abundant number of flowers.
Growing chrysanthemums Multiflora subspecies - a simple process that does not require special skills and abilities. Therefore, this flower is great for novice florist. In order for Multiflora bushes to have the shape of a perfect ball, and their bloom was abundant and bright, you need to follow simple guidelines for planting and caring for these plants.
It is easy to propagate Multiflora, especially since it can be done in several ways:
- division of uterine bushes;
Reproduction by delenki
Uterine bushes are recommended to be dug out from the soil at the end of summer or in autumn, when there is no threat of frost. This method allows you to get a few from one bush, moreover, the Multiflora is rejuvenated due to such a division, the plants acquire a more regular ball shape.
It is necessary to separate the young shoots that have already formed their own root system. For work, you can use a sharp garden knife. The resulting bushes are planted separately from each other at a sufficient distance (at least 50 cm), pinch the tops of plants, the chrysanthemums themselves must be watered abundantly.Tip! It is possible to divide Multiflora bushes in the middle of autumn, then the shoots are planted in separate pots and stored for storage in a cool place. Every month during the winter the flowers are watered.
The reproduction of chrysanthemum Multiflora cuttings - a very popular way. The flower is well propagated by green layings that need to be cut off or cut off and rooted in a container with water, wet sand or shading of the soil. Rooted cuttings will grow roots after 10-14 days, and they can be transplanted to a permanent place.
In spring, Multiflora can also be propagated by cuttings. The flowers extracted from the cellars after wintering are placed in the sun, where they begin to give new shoots. When the length of such shoots is 10 cm, the bush is carefully divided. Shoots immediately planted in a permanent place in open ground or in a pot. A full-fledged chrysanthemum bush may well grow from one shoot.
Experienced growers can try to grow multiflora from seed. Actively used two methods of such reproduction:
- Direct sowing. In late April or early May, chrysanthemum seeds are sown on a flower bed. The depth of the holes should be 3-5 cm, the distance between them should be about 25 cm. In plentifully watered wells, they are placed on a pair of Multiflora seeds, sprinkled with earth and covered with polyethylene before germination. After a couple of weeks, you need to remove the second sprouts and transplant them to another place - one flower should remain in each well.
- Seedling method. In late February or early March, you can sow the seeds of chrysanthemum seedlings. Moisten the soil in the container with a spray and spread Multiflora seeds on the surface. After that, the container covered with glass, lid or film. Crops are regularly aired and moistened. When a pair of leaves appear, the seedlings of the flowers swoop. By the time of landing in the ground seedlings should reach a height of 20 cm, the tops of chrysanthemums after planting pinch.
Chrysanthemums love the sun, and this fact must be taken into account when choosing a place for planting these flowers. Otherwise, flowers are unpretentious, able to grow on almost any soil, tolerate the spring chill, but do not like drafts and swampy soil.
In central Russia, Multiflora is recommended to be planted in early May, when the temperature stabilizes and the soil warms up well. The distance between adjacent bushes depends on the size of the chrysanthemum, but the interval should be at least 45-50 cm.
In the planting holes, you can add a little sand and peat, if the soil in the flowerbed is too heavy. Multiflora prefers neutral soils. The pH level can be adjusted with lime, dolomite flour.
It is better not to be zealous with fertilizers: immediately after planting the flower must be acclimatized, and because of the excess supply it will quickly grow. Only scanty sandy soil can be fertilized with mineral complexes, wood ash or a small amount of humus.
How to care for spherical varieties
Care, as well as landing, for Multiflora is not particularly difficult. These chrysanthemums are not capricious, they are well developed in different conditions, do not require much attention.
Multiflora bushes standard care measures:
- Watering is recommended rain or well-settled water. It is better not to wet the leaves and flowers, to carry out watering under the root. Multiflora loves water, so in dry periods it is watered frequently and abundantly. In the flowering phase, the amount of moisture you need to reduce or stop watering at all. To keep moisture better in the soil, the ground should be loosened or mulched.
- Feed spherical chrysanthemums will have infrequently, these plants are undemanding to the level of nutrition. If the wells were fertilized during the planting period, this may be enough - throughout the growing season the flowers no longer feed. Some growers use for fertilization the peel of bananas, which are added to the ground near the bushes. During the budding period, you can slightly feed the multiflora with phosphorus and potassium.
- It is not necessary to form chrysanthemum bushes - the plant itself must take the form of a ball. Some flower growers, nevertheless, prune the shoots of flowers to give them just the perfect shape, but, as practice shows, this is not necessary. Pinching shoots only after planting cuttings or multiflora seedlings.
Every three years the Chrysanthemum Multiflora needs to be transplanted to another place. If this is not done, the variety will degenerate, the bush will no longer be so lush and round.
The question of how to preserve the Multiflora Chrysanthemum in the winter is very relevant, because the plant is southern, thermophilic. Depending on the climate in a particular region, there are three wintering options for this flower:
- in open ground;
- under cover;
- in a cool and dark place.
Wintering in the flowerbed
Wintering Multiflora in the open field is possible only in the southernmost areas with a warm climate and mild winter. Flower growers from these regions may not even cut the bushes of spherical chrysanthemums: when the shoots are completely dry, they break off themselves and become the natural protection of the rhizome from the cold.
In order not to risk, it is better to prune the shoots of Multiflora up to 15 cm immediately after the stems have dried. Bushes fall asleep dry leaves, peat or sawdust.
Attention! It is impossible to cut the shoots of chrysanthemums too early, because before the onset of cold weather, these flowers form buds for the next season.
Winter shelter for flowers
In the middle lane, some flower growers also leave the Multiflora to winter in a flower bed, but before that the plants are covered. Already at the end of September in these latitudes, it is better to protect the bushes with a polyethylene or plastic frame, in order to prolong flowering and protect it from the night cold.
When chrysanthemums ottsvetut, their stems are shortened to 15 cm. Shrubs abundantly fall asleep with a thick layer of mulch (at least 10 cm), sand or earth. As soon as the temperature drops to minus marks, the Multiflora is covered with spruce branches or its own shrubs previously cut off. Such a shelter will be able to be ventilated and prevent the kidneys from drying out.Important! Chrysanthemum Multiflora does not tolerate icing!
Store flowers in the basement
The most reliable wintering option for the Multiflora variety is the winter storage of roots in the cellar or in the basement. In the autumn time, the stems of flowers are pruned, and then the rhizome is carefully broken in (the root system of these chrysanthemums is superficial, so you don’t have to dig deep).
The roots removed from the ground are placed in dry ground or sand. The substrate should be moistened and send flowers to a cool place, where in winter the temperature will be maintained at a level of +3 - -5 degrees. Every month you should see chrysanthemums and water them. Soil between the roots should not be too wet, but excessive dryness is detrimental to Multiflora.
In March, chrysanthemum roots are taken from shelters and placed in a bright warm place with an air temperature of about +15 degrees (on the veranda or on the balcony). There buds and green shoots will appear in the flowers, at the end of April they can be divided and planted in a flowerbed.
Attention! Potted chrysanthemums for the winter are also pruned and sent to a cool place. Although Multiflora loves heat, but dry flat air and lack of sun will lead to the death of the plant that blooms in the middle of winter.
Chrysanthemum Multiflora - a universal plant. It is possible to use this flower for framing garden paths, decorating borders and rabatok; spherical bushes are perfectly combined with strict lines of conifers, diluted with variegated colors of greenery of grassy plantations. Often low-growing varieties Multiflora grown in vases, pots and drawers, decorating with flowers gazebos, balconies and window sills. Photos of spherical chrysanthemum Multiflora will not leave anyone indifferent.
There is nothing difficult in growing chrysanthemums, Multiflora easily reproduces in several ways, which will be discussed in more detail in the video: