It is easy to decorate any dacha plot with the help of climbing roses, which cover arches, fences and walls with bright flowers and greenery. With the help of weaving flowers, you can disguise unsightly buildings, divide the area into zones, elevate the wall of the house or the rickety fence.
Most varieties of woven roses perfectly tolerate the frosty Russian winters, which means that they can be freely grown at cottages, which the owners attend only during the warm season. The frost resistance of decorative flowers does not mean that the bushes do not need shelter at all - much depends on the region, as well as on the variety of weaving varieties. About this and talk in the article.
What is a permanent flowering rose
In addition to frost resistance, climbing roses can boast the constancy of their flowering. What does this mean? All varieties of these colors are divided into two broad categories:
- growing on old shoots;
- annually giving young stems.
As a rule, flowers that grow on last year's shoots are long-flowering. The bushes of these roses are covered with flowers for more than a month, sometimes the flowering period lasts the entire summer season. In the conditions of a short Russian summer, such roses can be considered constantly blooming, because with the onset of heat, they are covered with buds and finish their fragrant blooming only with the onset of cold weather.
A huge plus of these varieties is that they all tolerate cold. In regions with relatively small winter frosts, the bushes of flowers can not be covered - they perezimuyut well and so.
But in the central, and, especially, in the northern part of the country lash of flowers, nevertheless, is better to cover. Do this when the temperature drops below -5 degrees. First, the shoots are tied together, then laid on a bed of natural materials: dry leaves, fir branches or wooden boards. Then a wire is constructed from the wire and the roses are wrapped with plastic wrap.
In the new season, the shelter is removed, and roses bloom again all summer before the onset of autumn frosts.
Those varieties of roses, which annually give young shoots are called remontant. This means that flowering bushes can be repeated several times in a single season. For most of Russia, this huge plus remontant varieties go unnoticed, since in the conditions of the local climate they re-bloom no earlier than September. And at this time, as a rule, it is already raining, a strong wind is blowing, and the air temperature tends to zero.
But re-flowering flowers can be (and should) be pruned annually. This fact allows you to make the shelter of bushes for the winter more simple, because now you do not need to fold the long scourge of bushes covered with spikes. Winter hardiness of repairing roses is slightly worse than those that bloom only once in the summer. However, under reliable shelter such varieties will tolerate even severe frosts quite tolerably.Important! The advantage of repairing climbing roses is the fact that even frost-bitten branches in the new season can give healthy shoots that will be covered with flowers just a few days later than their healthy counterparts.
It turns out that in the climatic zone of the greater part of Russia, those and other varieties of woven roses will be constantly flowering - the bushes will be covered with bright flowers for most of the season.
Varieties of climbing roses permanent bloom
There is another category according to which climbing roses are divided. In this case, the separation is not related to how winter-hardy this or that variety (after all, to some extent, all climbing roses can be called winter-hardy).
The principle of division into groups is associated with the appearance of flowers and the length of their lashes.
This group consists of the most unpretentious varieties, which, at first glance, resemble dogrose. Scourge of such roses are powerful and long, with a lot of prickly thorns. These flowers just fall into the first category - those that grow on old shoots.
The trunks of semi-intertwining roses become woody over time, therefore, they must initially be placed on supports correctly - you will not be able to adjust the location of the shoots afterwards.
Powerful bushes cover abundant shiny foliage. Some gardeners do not like it, but thick greens do not spoil the appearance of the bush, because the inflorescences are also painted in fairly saturated colors, they are clearly visible.
But the advantages of semi-varieties are indisputable:
- they tolerate even extreme cold;
- very rarely get sick;
- they survive well during transplantation or reproduction;
- can be grown on any parts of the garden;
- do not require complex care.
Attention! Given the length and thickness of the stems of these flowers, you need to take care of a decent support for them - it must be strong and reliable.
This variety is considered the most reliable for the conditions of the Russian climate, such roses are decorated with most of the suburban areas and country estates. The shoots of flowers are strong and long, the inflorescences themselves are also large (up to 8 cm in diameter), semi-double, of rich scarlet color.
Roses bloom all season. Flowers exude a subtle, inherent only fragrance. What a bush of such a rose looks like is shown in the photo below.
This variety will appeal to lovers of exotic - the scent of flowers resembles the smell of tropical fruits. A bush with very powerful shoots - the support for it needs a solid, durable.
But the construction of the support is not all that a gardener must do for these flowers. The variety is quite capricious, requires constant care, the bushes will even have to be sheltered from heavy rain, since large flowers are saturated with moisture and can break off.
Poorly tolerated rose of this variety and frost, you need to cover the bushes very carefully. Another nuance - beautiful, brightly colored inflorescences are very attracted to insect pests, so often have to use insecticides or nettle decoction.
The inflorescences of this rose are very effective, they bloom with lavender flowers. The texture of the petals is velvet, the flowers are magnificent, very decorative. The bush exudes a very strong and pleasant aroma.
The variety is resistant against diseases and pests, but it is absolutely not frost-resistant - you need to cover it every winter.
Small-flowered climbing varieties
This group includes varieties with long and very flexible lashes. They grow every season, and in the fall the lash of such bushes is simply pruned. The length of the stems of small-flowered roses can be very different - from 2 to 16 meters. This fact must be taken into account when building supports for the bushes.
Shoots are decorated with small flowers of very juicy shades, the diameter of inflorescences usually does not exceed 5 cm.
The bushes of this variety are full of red roses of a very rich color, something like a fuchsia color. Bushes are quite compact, they do not grow much in width. Therefore, these flowers are convenient to use to decorate trees or arches, combining them with other varieties.
The flowers are small, with a diameter of only 4 cm, but very voluminous and bright. The inflorescences of the scorching rays of the sun do not like - under its influence, the flowers simply fade. Therefore, it is better to plant bushes in the penumbra.
The variety is quite unpretentious, well tolerates heat and cold, can withstand pests and diseases.
Flowers of this variety are able to bloom until the autumn frosts, while even in the fall they will be just as bright and fragrant.
Minus is quite late blooming of roses, buds bloom only in late spring. Shoots can grow up to three meters in length, the width of a single bush is about a meter.
Mostly inflorescences are painted in a bright crimson shade, but some varieties of the variety may have flowers of other tones.
Large-flowering climbing varieties
These are truly the most spectacular varieties of weaving roses - inflorescences are very large, terry, with a strong sweet aroma. The only disadvantage of these varieties can be considered their poor resistance to low temperatures - the hard-blooming large-flowered roses will not stand, they must be covered.
Attention! Additionally, the owner of the garden will have to regularly remove ottsvevshie inflorescences, as they are large and quite noticeable against the background of the bush.
A distinctive feature of the variety is the deep red color of the inflorescences, which is so bright that it does not fade even under the scorching rays of the sun. The first flowers reach a diameter of 10 cm, over time, the inflorescences become smaller, but, all the same, they remain fairly large and decorative.
The rose is very unpretentious, capable of growing on the ground with any composition, it gets used to different climatic conditions.
These are delicate flowers, painted in apricot or soft coral shade. They are also very large, gathered in inflorescences, with a diameter of up to 30 cm. The bush is not very high - the length of the lashes can reach only two meters. This rose is suitable for small hedges and small arches.
The "Polka" bushes are blooming all the time - new buds appear on the shoots all summer. The bush is not sick, it tolerates heat well, but frost is contraindicated in colors, therefore it is necessary to warm the bushes for the winter. The flower is shown in the photo below.
Winter-resistant varieties of climbing and blooming roses all summer - this is not a myth, they really exist. But in the harsh climate of Russia, all the advantages of such colors are not so brightly shown, blurred. Early autumn makes the bushes shed their buds and prepare for wintering, and frosts up to 30-35 degrees can withstand very rare plant species, and decorative fragile roses are definitely not among their number.
Therefore, growing climbing varieties on your site, you need to be prepared for the fact that you have to build a winter shelter for them. Otherwise, the precious bush can be lost.