The history of such berries as black currants, begins in the tenth century. The Kiev monks were the first to cultivate the berry shrubs, later currants were grown in Western Europe, from which it spread throughout the world. One can talk endlessly about the benefits of black currant and its extraordinary taste: one thing is clear - there must be at least one shrub of sweet berries in each cottage. One of the oldest and most popular varieties of the population is Perun, which does not give up its position even with the advent of the newest hybrids and varieties. The advantages of this variety are high yields, unpretentiousness and excellent taste. There are some nuances that are better to find out at the initial stage of cultivation.
Photos, reviews and description of the currant variety Perun are given below. This article will talk about all the features of this culture and about the rules of its cultivation.
Characteristics of the species
The variety of Currant Perun is the brainchild of domestic breeders, it was developed by A.I. Astakhov back in the 90s. Since 1995, Perun is entered in the State Register and recommended for cultivation in the Central and Central Black Earth regions.
Description of the Perun variety:
- black currant with mid-late ripening - berries are sown from late July to the first half of August;
- bushes sredneroslye, but sprawling, thick;
- young shoots are light green, slightly pubescent;
- growing shoots slightly curved;
- leaves are three-lobed, dark green, wrinkled;
- buds on the currant shoots are weakly painted, covered with a short down;
- Perun's inflorescences are bisexual, so the currant is considered to be self-fruiting (other varieties of crops are not needed for pollination of flowers);
- flowers are very noticeable, large, red-purple hue;
- brushes of medium length, in each of them from 5 to 11 fruits;
- Perun berries are large, their average weight is 2 grams, there are specimens and 4 grams by weight;
- the shape of the fruit is round, regular, the peel is shiny, black;
- commodity attractiveness of currants is high;
- tearing berries dry - the fruits are not damaged when harvested, and therefore do not flow and do not crumple;
- Perun's tasting scores are very high - 4.9 points (out of a possible 5);
- the aroma is pleasant, strongly pronounced;
- currant has an average immunity to flour dew, kidney mite, anthracnose, almost never Perun bushes are affected by smolder;
- the frost resistance of the plant is good - reducing the temperature to -25 degrees; the shrub will survive without shelter;
- The return spring frosts are not terrible for Perun, its flowers perfectly tolerate a short-term decrease in temperature;
- yield of black currant at a high level - up to two kilograms from a bush;
- the crop is suitable for long-term storage and transportation;
- It is possible to propagate the black currant of this variety in any way (by dividing the bush, cuttings, layering).
Important! Purun Perun has a universal purpose: the berries are tasty fresh, they make excellent jams, preserves, compotes, candy, fruits can be frozen or dried.
Advantages and disadvantages
The photo of currant Perun will attract any summer resident - the berries are large, glossy, about the same size. It is not surprising that this old variety is still relevant, because Perun has many advantages, such as:
- balanced taste and strong aroma;
- easy breeding;
- high yield;
- resistance to common diseases and pests;
- good frost resistance;
- the ability of flowers to self-pollinate and tolerate return frost normally;
- suitability for long-term storage and transportation;
- universal purpose currant berries.
Do not like Perun, mainly, those farmers who are engaged in the cultivation of currants for sale. Although this variety pleases with stability, high yields and excellent taste, but the size of its fruits is not the same - and this is something that customers do not like and spoils the presentation of the product.
Another nuance is the strong dependence of the size and quality of berries on weather conditions. For example, in the dry summer Perun harvest will be worse, the berries themselves - smaller, but the taste of the fruit will be more sweet and rich.
Agrotechnics and its features
The variety Perun cannot be called capricious - this black currant will require no more care and attention than any other. But we should not forget about the great interrelation of yield and climatic features of the region, the weather in a particular season, the type of soil. The quality of the berries strongly depends on the listed indicators.
Tip! Not everyone lives in an ideal climate and nutritious soil. In order to achieve good yields, it is necessary to pay more attention to the Perun variety and more intensively care for the bushes.
Very often gardeners complain about the poor survival rate of currant cuttings. Indeed, this culture can be difficult to propagate and make on the site. For the result to be positive, you need to make some effort and know some tricks.
The first thing that farmers should know is that currant saplings cannot be sold with an open root system, because such planting stock will not take root. Variety Perun from good nurseries sold in pots.
The second condition is the right landing place. Black currant loves the sun, so it should be planted in a well-lit open place, without the shadow of trees and buildings. The earth should be nutritious, loose, well breathable, non-moisture retentive.
And the third criterion for a successful landing is time. Plant black currant is recommended only in the fall. In central Russia, the best time for planting mid-late Perun is considered the second half of September - early October.Attention! In the extreme case, currants can be planted in the spring, but this should be done as early as possible. As soon as the earth thaws, start landing Perun. Starting in May, the bush will have to be protected from the scorching sun and constantly monitor the degree of soil moisture.
The planting of currant Perun itself is carried out simply:
- A couple of weeks before the intended landing, they prepare a hole about 45 cm deep.
- The soil, taken out of the landing pit, mixed with a bucket of humus and 100 grams of superphosphate.
- If there are several bushes, an interval of 180–200 cm is observed between them, since Perun is a spreading shrub.
- The seedling is set in the center of the pit and gradually sprinkled its roots with earth.
- The above-ground part of the cutting of Perun must be cut to two buds - this is a very important requirement, which should not be neglected.
- After planting, the shrub is watered abundantly, it is recommended to soil the soil with a thick layer of organic matter (peat, humus, sawdust, dry foliage).
If you do not prune the shoot of a freshly planted currant, the plant will not have enough strength to develop the root system - all the activity of the cutting will be aimed at the growth of the shoots.Tip! Experienced gardeners recommend that when planting, 2-3 buds of black currant should be left underground - this is how the Perun bush will settle down better and give lateral roots faster.
Before the onset of severe cold weather, the stalk of the currant is warmed, covering it with agrofiber, a bucket, falling asleep with a covering material or soil. Before hibernation, Perun should receive a sufficient amount of moisture, so watering should be abundant and frequent, with the first frost they stop.
Black currant Perun - not the most capricious "resident" of the garden. There is nothing special in caring for shrubs, it is only important to follow the schedule of activities and not to ignore the recommendations of experts.
Take care of the black currant Perun should be as follows:
- Watering black currants should be regular and frequent. Perun tolerates drought well, but the yield will be significantly higher if you install a drip irrigation system near the bush. Special attention to watering summer resident should pay during the formation of the crop, the ripening of berries and immediately after picking the fruit. Autumn watering is very important, as the survival rate of the shrub during the winter period will depend on the state of the root system.
- Fertilize black-fruited Perun will have infrequently. Enough autumn or spring feeding once a year. If fertilizers are applied in the fall, you can stop on organic matter, such as dung, bird droppings, wood ash, compost. In spring, it is better to fertilize Perun currants with minerals, with special emphasis on nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus.
- The shrub needs to be shaped in the process of its growth and development. Every year it is advised to carry out sanitary pruning, involving the removal of dry, damaged and diseased shoots.
- Currant roots lie shallow, so it is important to remove weeds around the Perun bushes and regularly loosen the soil in order to provide air access to the root system. To protect the roots from overheating and draining will help the mulch.
- Resistance to diseases in the black currant variety Perun is average. Therefore, in early spring you need to carry out preventive treatment of shrubs, repeating it before flowering and after flowering. If insect pests are noticed, additional spraying of the Perun bushes with insecticides will be required.
- In the greater part of the country, Perun winters without shelter. In regions with a temperate climate and snowy winters, the frost resistance of the variety will be quite enough. In the more northern regions, it is better not to grow black currant of the Perun variety, since the time of its ripening is rather late (the berries may not ripen before the onset of cold weather).
FeedbackSergey Ivanovich Blackcurrant Perun I have been growing in my country house for many years. In principle, I like everything in this variety, especially the delicate taste of berries. I can advise the following to those who are only thinking about planting this currant: • do powdery mildew prevention each spring (I lost the first Perun bushes precisely because of this scourge); • plant currants in an openwork shade, for example, under a spreading tree or near a plank fence (scorching sun leads to overheating of the bushes, which simply shed all the leaves); • not to get involved in top dressing - due to an excess of nutrition, young shoots grow strongly, and the yield decreases. If everything is done correctly, the Perun harvest will be pretty decent, and the berries will be about the same size.
Even negative reviews of the black currant variety Perun indicate that this culture has not yet been forgotten and is in demand among farmers. Twenty years is a decent time for any kind of cultivated plants, because in the modern world every day new varieties and hybrids appear.
Perun crossed the twenty-year milestone and continues to delight summer residents with abundant crops of large and very tasty berries. This black currant, definitely, deserves attention.