The list of crops that grow gardeners of Siberia, is constantly expanding thanks to the breeders. Now you can plant on the site and eggplant. Rather, not only plant, but also to collect a decent crop. In this case, the choice of varieties for planting will not cause great difficulties. For a region with characteristic climatic conditions, some parameters will have to be paid attention to:
- Maturation term. A short summer dictates its own rules and the choice will have to be made among early hybrids or eggplant varieties. They will have time to ripen and provide summer residents with a good harvest.
- Variety selection. Preference should be given to varieties with high resistance to temperature extremes and its low values. Be sure to take into account all the characteristics of the variety according to the description.
- Powerful eggplant seedlings. One of the main components of success.
- Warming up the soil. To ensure this parameter, many eggplants are grown in high ridges, under a double quality shelter.
In addition, there are nuances of growing eggplant in Siberia, which gardeners willingly share with each other. Eggplants are considered to be a very useful vegetable, which contains a lot of nutrients, has a low calorie level and excellent fruit taste.
What is the time to sow eggplants for seedlings
To solve this issue is very easy. Sowing time is determined by the time of planting seedlings in open ground or in permanent residence.
Many gardeners, to play it safe, grow eggplants in Siberia only in greenhouses. And courageous experiment lovers do an excellent job with this task in the open field. It depends not only on experience, the choice of seeds and care, but on the correctly chosen time for sowing seeds for seedlings. When to sow eggplant seedlings this year? How to calculate this term?Tip! Healthy quality seedlings eggplant ready for planting in 65-80 days. You need to add 7-10 days for emergence.
The rest of the calculation depends on the region in which the eggplants will be grown. If you plant a zoned variety of eggplant, then without a greenhouse they feel much better than peppers. This is due to the fact that they are more cold-resistant and love the active movement of air.
But for planting seedlings in the ground, the soil should warm up to + 20º, which happens, on average, on June 10.Attention! In polycarbonate greenhouses planted a little earlier - May 15.
Of course, the date can not be very accurate, because the weather conditions are very changeable. Taking into account all the errors, we determine the term for sowing eggplant seeds for seedlings - the second half of February or the first decade of March.Important! Determine what day to sow eggplants for seedlings, you need to taking into account the soil in which you will grow plants. The difference between the open ground and the greenhouse is about 2 weeks.
Choosing the right grade eggplant
As mentioned above, it is necessary to sow seeds of early hybrids or eggplant varieties for seedlings. This will protect against mismatch between the maturity of the culture and the climatic conditions of Siberia. Experienced gardeners recommend choosing eggplants in Siberia:
"Purple F1 Miracle"
Early, with high yield and stable performance. Suitable for growing in greenhouses and in the open field. The bush is compact, which is important for small areas and up to 90 cm high. It is valued by gardeners for the lack of spikes on the calyx, resistance to diseases and against pests. The hostesses love for great taste with any method of cooking.
"The Nutcracker F1"
Superearly, manages to mature in 45 days. It is appreciated for unpretentiousness to growing conditions, constant fruit formation, adaptability to long-term transportation. It grows well in the open, in a greenhouse. Medium-sized and sprawling plant. It is necessary to consider when choosing a landing scheme.
A short, sprawling plant with a bush height of up to 1 meter. Recommended density planting eggplant - no more than 5 plants per square meter. The lightly pear-shaped fruits have excellent taste. The advantage of the variety is its high adaptive capacity, which leads to the formation of fruits in any conditions. You can grow with the same success in any soil. Suitable for salting and pickling.
Mid-season grade eggplant, but manages to give a good harvest of the original fruit. Bush up to 75 cm, semi-sprawling. Fruits are striped, beautiful and tasty. Eggplant "Matrosik" resistant to disease, which makes it possible to grow it in Siberia.
A very well-known medium grade eggplant, with good parameters. Zoned for almost all regions. Successfully growing in Siberia. Compact bush, stable yield, unpretentiousness and excellent fruit taste. What else do you need for a gardener?
Among the suitable varieties for Siberia, it is worth noting the early "Epic" and "Early 148", the average "Black Beauty".
The variety is selected, proceed to the next important stage - sowing.
How to prepare eggplant seeds for seedlings
This item is allocated in a separate chapter because it is one of the important stages of growing strong seedlings. Sowing seeds properly is a requirement for all crops. Eggplant is no exception. Before buying seeds for seedlings, carefully read the information about the variety.
- The letter F1 indicates the group belongs to the first generation hybrids. Such eggplants are resistant to diseases, tolerate climate fluctuations, give a stable yield. The lack of hybrids - seeds retain characteristics only in the first generation. Next year you will have to buy new ones to get the same result.
- On the package should be the details and contacts of the manufacturer.
- Be sure to check the final implementation date. Recommendations on the dates of sowing and planting of the variety, the main nuances of agricultural engineering can also be indicated there.
After the purchase, do not rush to immediately sow. First, check the seeds for germination. With elite hybrid eggplants, you can skip this item. But personally collected or purchased on the market, check does not interfere.
To do this, they need to soak, but not all. Take a few pieces from the batch or pack, soak for 12 hours. Then place in a damp cloth (gauze) and place in a warm place. If half the seeds are good, then your planting material is of good quality.
In stores, eggplant seeds are kept in a dry room and at low temperature. Therefore, they will have to be heated either dry or hydrothermally. The first option is carried out for 2 days at a temperature of + 40º. Hydrothermal - in warm water for 15 minutes, immersing the seeds. Some gardeners use a thermos for this purpose. This significantly reduces the time of the procedure. Water temperature + 50º, dive time - 5 minutes.
The next stage is dressing. Put the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate is not very saturated color and incubated for half an hour. An alternative method is to place in a hydrogen peroxide solution for 10 minutes (3 ml of peroxide per 100 g of warm water). This procedure protects the seeds of eggplant from pathogens.
And last of all spend hardening. A week stand seeds in a damp cloth. During the day they are in the room, and at night they are placed in the refrigerator.
Do not be afraid of such a large number of preparatory procedures. They are quite simple, but useful for eggplant. When done, you can begin to sow.
Sow eggplants correctly
To further action led to a good result, it is necessary to take care of the quality of the soil and the tanks for eggplant seedlings.
The soil can be prepared in this composition:
- sod land - part 1;
- peat - 2 parts;
- sawdust brewed with boiling water - 0.5 parts,
The second option is ready purchased land for seedlings, black soil and sand in equal quantities. Good to add fertilizer. On 10 l of ready soil bring:
- superphosphate - 20 g;
- ash - 30 g;
- potassium sulfate - 5 g;
- urea - 5 g
Before sowing eggplant seedlings, calcine the soil or spill boiling water with potassium permanganate.
Requirements for planting containers:
- From the bottom of the tank should be a hole for the flow of water.
- Do not use dairy products.
- Do not sow change of eggplant of different maturity in one planting box. They differ in terms of germination and care requirements.
The container is filled with primer for 3/4 of the volume, then it is moistened. Place a seed and sprinkle with earth. Watered again, covered with foil and placed in a warm place.Important! Be sure to open crops in the first days to ensure air access.
If you never had to plant eggplants for seedlings, then for the first time, do a small rehearsal with a small amount of seeds a couple of weeks before the recommended date.
The date when planting eggplants for seedlings in Siberia is chosen based on the soil in which the vegetables will grow.
The easiest way is to do it in a greenhouse or in a greenhouse. Thermal regime for seedlings will be provided. Eggplant is moisture-loving. Watering and nutrition are another important condition for the growth of seedlings. Seedlings of up to 25 cm in height, with nine leaves and small buds, are considered qualitative.
The main difficulties that gardeners encounter when growing eggplant seedlings in Siberia are the stretching, yellowing and falling of plants. It cannot be said that sowing is the most difficult operation. The main attention will be needed when observing the temperature, humidity. In addition, eggplant seedlings must have sufficient lighting and food so that the seedlings are not stretched.
Be sure to harden the tender seedlings of eggplant, preparing them for the conditions of Siberia. Hardening is done gradually. First, open access to outdoor air for a short time, then extend it. Older seedlings put eggplant for a short time in the fresh air. Before disembarking, leave for the whole day, then for the night. All these procedures are necessary when grown in open ground.
In the greenhouse planted seedlings with a shorter period of adaptation. You can take out the container with the seedlings in the greenhouse, gradually lengthening the time, and then land in the prepared ridges.
The soil in which eggplant seedlings are planted is prepared in advance. Be sure to withstand the optimum for the grade scheme and planting density.Tip! Eggplant seedlings are transplanted with a lump of earth, so as not to damage the delicate roots. That is why many gardeners are trying to grow eggplant seedlings in Siberia without picking.
At first, after transplantation, the seedlings are pruneed so that the sun's rays do not cause burns or the death of the seedlings. But for further development, a sunny place is just the way.
Airing is constantly required in greenhouses even on cloudy days. It is especially recommended to do this after watering to reduce the humidity of the air.
In Siberia, eggplant seedlings can trap another nuisance - insects. Attack on seedlings Colorado potato beetle, spider mite and other enemies of the nightshade. In the greenhouses whitefly greenhouse is added. Effective means of struggle - "Confidor" and "Barrier".
We examined the main issues, it remains to apply all this information in practice. Having met all the requirements, it is possible to grow healthy, powerful and high-quality eggplant seedlings even in such a harsh region as Siberia.