Choosing the best pepper variety for 2019, first of all, you need to understand that there are no such “magic” varieties that will bring huge yields without help. The key to a good harvest is always the work of man. Modern agrotechnical methods help to achieve the highest results. Of course, seed plays a significant role - the better the seeds, the more abundant and healthier the seedlings will be.
To the question: "Which pepper is better?" no definite answer. And yet we try to name the best varieties of pepper for 2019, based on simplicity, yield and resistance of plants. And also we will tell about the rules of cultivation of different varieties of this capricious and thermophilic culture.
The benefits of bell pepper
On a summer day, have on hand beds with fresh sweet peppers - have access to the source of all the necessary vitamins. The yellow and red fruits of the Bulgarian pepper contain a huge amount of vitamin C. It is even more in pepper than in black currants and lemon.
Important! The highest concentration of vitamin C is found in the upper part of the fetus, that is, in the place that is usually cut and thrown away.
Another very useful element is rutin, or vitamin P. Together with vitamin C, this component strengthens the walls of blood vessels, reduces their permeability and fragility.
A number of vitamins of group B will help to cope with insomnia, weakness and depression. And also will be useful for people suffering from diabetes and edema.
Oddly enough, but there is even more vitamin A in bell pepper than in carrots. But this vitamin restores the beauty of hair and nails, improves skin, strengthens eyesight.
Bulgarian pepper is good in many dishes, it can be canned and pickled, but fresh vegetables are most useful. Peppers in salads and snacks will provide the body with a daily dose of all essential trace elements and vitamins.
Pepper Care Rules
Reviews of gardeners who grow peppers for more than one year indicate that it is not so difficult. To get a big harvest you need to make a little effort and be patient.
Pepper has a fairly long growing season - from 80 to 130 days. Even in the south of Russia, culture will not have time to ripen if it is planted with seeds into the ground with seeds. In order for plants to bloom well and grow quickly, they are best planted seedling way.
The basic rules for growing bell peppers look like this:
- The site is chosen in the autumn - it should be a place well lit by the sun and protected from the wind.
- Peppers love the soil loose, saturated with oxygen. Therefore, if the land is clayey, it should be mixed with rotted sawdust, ash, and peat.
- It is safer to grow heat-loving peppers in the shelter. If there are no greenhouses on the plot, regular beds will do. If possible, you should install arcs above the beds, cover the plants with polyethylene or agrofibre for the night. It is preferable to cover the seedlings at night until June 15, in the following days you can lift the edges of the film, but not remove it completely.
- The branches of pepper are very fragile, and the roots are close to the ground. Therefore, together with the transplanting, it is necessary to insert a wooden peg near each seedling. When the bush grows, it must be tied up to preserve the integrity of the shoots.
- It is better to sow seeds for seedlings immediately in individual containers - the pepper does not like transplants, it is better not to swoop down. Planting plants in a permanent place, it is better to cut the cups to move the bush along with the earthy clod.
- After transplantation, the pepper does not need to be watered for about five days; regular loosening of the soil is sufficient. In the first two weeks the seedlings will be weak and painful, it does not need excess moisture.
- For the entire season the plants need to feed at least three times. This is done at the time of flowering and during the ripening of the fruit.
- Watered pepper only with warm water. Cold water will lead to the oppression of the growth of bushes and dropping the ovaries. It is best to use distilled water.
- Before the flowering period, pepper is watered by sprinkling - from a watering can they spray water all over the bush. During the period of formation and ripening of the fruits, it is necessary to water the bushes at the root.
- You should constantly push the soil to a depth of about 5 cm. Pepper roots need air.
Attention! The best predecessors for sweet pepper are cucumbers, greens, and root vegetables (potatoes, carrots, beets). You should not plant peppers where tomatoes, physalis or zucchini grew in the past season.
The best varieties of peppers
The varieties listed below are selected for several factors:
- fruit quality;
- unpretentious care;
- resistance to diseases and viruses.
According to the photo and description, you can easily choose a suitable for each case grade for 2019.
It is also important to remember that the best gardeners buy seeds of peppers only from reliable producers. From non-hybrid fruit seeds can be collected independently. To do this, choose the most beautiful, having the correct shape and uniform color peppers. They gently incise the top and pull the testis. In this form, leave to dry for 3-4 days at a temperature of 20-25 degrees. After that, the seeds are folded in a paper bag.Attention! Seeds of bell pepper suitable for germination for five years.
Variety refers to early ripening, the fruits ripen by the 100th day after planting. For seedlings sown at the end of February or in the first half of March. Seedlings can be transferred to the greenhouse by mid-May, and peppers are planted in open ground only when constant heat is established. At night there should be no frosts, and the earth should warm up to at least ten degrees.
Peppers have a conical shape, small size. The mass of one pepper does not exceed 100 grams. At the stage of technical maturity, the fruit of this variety is colored yellow, after full maturity it becomes red.
The thickness of the walls of the vegetable reaches 6.5 mm, which makes it juicy and tasty. Peppers of this variety can be processed, canned, stuffed, added to salads and other dishes.
The variety is protected from most diseases. Brings high yields - about 2.5 kg of ripe fruits can be removed from each bush (height up to 65 cm).
This variety belongs to the middle-ripening, therefore it is suitable for cultivation throughout Russia. Seeds for seedlings are sown in mid-March, and seedlings are transferred to the ground after the onset of constant heat (in the second half of May).
Sprawling shrubs, their height is small - 40-60 cm. The variety is suitable for cultivation both in a film greenhouse and in an open garden bed. From night cold seedlings better cover film.
The peppers themselves are cube-shaped, rather large - the mass of one can reach 300 grams. At the stage of technical ripening, the pepper of the variety "Hercules" is colored bright green, after biological maturity it becomes bright red.
The thickness of the walls of the vegetable is up to 5.5 cm, its flesh is juicy and very fragrant. This variety is good in salads, snacks, it can be stuffed and canned.
The plant is resistant to a variety of diseases. Up to 3 kg of peppers can be removed from each bush.Tip! The main pests for pepper are: aphid, slugs, spider mites and Colorado beetles. Treating the bushes with insecticides is possible only before the appearance of the ovaries. After that use only safe folk remedies.
A variety with medium ripening. Suitable for growing in any greenhouses, as well as in open ground. Seedlings are sown on seedlings after March 15, transferring plants to a permanent place by mid-May. Terms of planting a variety in open ground depend on the climatic characteristics of the region - this should be done only when heat is established and the threat of frost passes.
Fruits have a conical shape, standard for sweet pepper. Their size is average - the mass of each does not exceed 120 grams. At first, the peppers are painted green, after full ripening they turn red. The thickness of the walls of the variety is about 5 mm.
Low bushes - from 35 to 70 cm. With sufficient watering and proper care from each bush of the Arsenal variety, you can get more than two kilograms of fruit.
This pepper can be attributed to mid-season varieties, because its fruits ripen on the 110th day after planting.
Shrubs grow medium - their height ranges from 60 to 80 cm. Therefore, the shoots are better tied up so that the branches with fruits do not break off. Fruit shape - elongated cone. The surface is smooth and shiny. Initially, the peppers are colored dark green and become red to the onset of biological maturity.
Often the mass of fruits does not exceed 140 grams, but with proper care you can grow 220-tigram peppers of this variety. The walls are thick - up to 5.5 mm, the flesh is juicy and very tasty.
A distinctive feature of the variety is the possibility of long-term storage. Another plus of the variety is high yield (up to 3 kg of fruit per square meter).
"Gift of Moldova"
This pepper is probably familiar to every gardener. The variety is middle-ripening, distinguished by its adaptability - the crop can be successfully grown in regions with different climatic conditions.
Also unpretentious variety and to the composition of the soil - it can be grown on sandy, chernozem, and even on clay soils. The variety gives consistently high yields, is protected from the most dangerous diseases, suitable for planting in open ground or in any greenhouse.
That is why the variety "Gift of Moldova" is often cultivated in fields and large vegetable gardens. It is excellent for sale: it is stored for a long time, it has a beautiful appearance and excellent taste.
The fruits of this variety are cone-shaped and of medium size. The weight of each vegetable does not exceed 100 grams, but its walls are very thick - about 7 mm. The flesh of the fruit is crispy, juicy and very fragrant. This pepper has its own unique taste.
Review of pepper "Gift of Moldova"Elena Viktorovna, 60 years old, Saratov. This variety was grown on the fields of the Soviet Union, I never thought it was worth anything. On the advice of my sister, I still bought one bag of seeds from the “Gift of Moldova”. The result pleased me! Seedling seed itself - the seeds in the bag were clean, sprouted all as one. She transferred them to the greenhouse first, then to the open ground. Of the ten plants, only nine survived, but they delighted in growth and exuberant flowering. From each bush received 10-12 fruits - red, juicy, moderately large. The taste is still excellent! Vegetables are great for stuffing and cooking lecho, in salads are also indispensable. It is important! Peppers need to stick. When the bush grows by 25 cm, pinch its top - this will allow the development of lateral shoots with fruits. If the summer is wet, it is better to remove the lower side shoots, and in drought, on the contrary, there should be as many leaves as possible so that the soil under the bush does not dry out.
The variety, tested by time and thousands of gardeners, easily falls into the category of the best for 2019.
Compact bushes of this variety reach a height of 70 cm, in need of tying. The culture can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field. The plant is resistant to cold and a long period of fruiting.
Even in the most severe climatic conditions, the variety gives stable yields - medium-sized peppers, whose mass does not exceed 120 grams. The thickness of the walls of the vegetable is more than 5 mm, which makes it juicy and appetizing. The color of the fruit is green at first, later the peppers turn red. Inside the vegetable are four chambers with seeds that can be safely harvested to grow the next crop.
Pepper varieties "Poltava" are universal: suitable for cooking salads, various dishes, stuffing and canning.
Fruits form at the same time and quickly ripen. The plant bears fruit for 100 days. Culture is not afraid of vertex rot, verticillus, night frosts. Vegetables of this variety are considered among the most deadly - peppers can be stored for about three months.
On the 115th day after planting seeds, you can taste the fruits of the variety "Lumina". This Bulgarian pepper is known for a long time to gardeners and summer residents, most often, a grade is grown up in the south of the country.
Culture is also suitable for cultivation in greenhouse conditions. The plant is considered resistant to most viruses and diseases. Bushes grow compact - in height to 60 cm.
The fruits have the shape of a cone and an unusual color - at the stage of technical maturity they are pale golden with a milky tint. After the onset of biological ripeness become bright red.
The average weight of peppers is about 110 grams. Their walls are thick - up to 5 mm. The taste of this vegetable can not be confused with anything - pepper varieties "Lumin" has its own, pronounced flavor.
Another advantage is the possibility of transportation and long-term storage. This variety belongs to the best selling.Attention! Pepper can be eaten when it has not yet fully ripened, but has already reached its maximum size and is saturated with a full range of vitamins and trace elements. This stage is called technical maturity. If these fruits are picked, they can be delivered in boxes. The branches are left mostly peppers for collecting seeds, the rest are broken after the onset of technical maturity.
These wonderful fruits can be enjoyed only 95 days after the seeds have been sown for seedlings. A distinctive feature of the variety is a bright orange shade of vegetables. These peppers look great in salads and roll-in, tasty fresh and various dishes.
Bushes of this variety are quite high - more than a meter. They must be tied up, it is better to grow in a greenhouse or on a bed protected from the wind.
The fruits are very large - the weight of each exceeds 250-300 grams, and the length is 12 cm. The vegetable shape is cuboid, the walls are thick - up to 7 mm.
The plant is resistant to a variety of diseases and viruses, the variety can be grown in any region of the country.
This mid-season variety is known all over the world - it is grown not only by domestic gardeners. The first ripe fruits appear only on the 125th day after planting the seeds. Therefore, to grow "California miracle" is better seedling method in the greenhouse. But you can cultivate it on ordinary beds, covering the plants with film for the night.
Peppers are divided into 3-4 cameras, have the form of a cube. The mass of each reaches 180 grams - the pepper is quite large. The walls are about 7 mm thick. The flesh is juicy, aromatic, with an unsurpassed taste of paprika.
Mature vegetables are colored dark green, then turn red or yellow (there are two varieties of the variety).
About 5-6 peppers are tied on each bush, which makes it possible to get about 1.2 kilograms of crop from one plant.
The plant is resistant to Verticillus. They love the variety for its unpretentiousness and excellent taste.
What will help to get a high yield of pepper
There is no such "potion" that will make the bushes of pepper fertile and resistant. This naughty plant needs regular care, the pepper is not the kind of culture that can be “seen” only on weekends.
In addition to a number of diseases and viruses, plants are threatened by pests, they must be detected and eliminated in time. All this requires the time of the owner and his work. But, if you take good care of the pepper, it will give you a whole store of vitamins and useful trace elements, help to improve your health and just enjoy the unsurpassed taste.
From the rating for 2019, you can safely choose any variety, all of them are worthy of the attention of farmers and, by right, are considered the best seeds of peppers. To get a colorful assortment in cans and on plates, choose multicolored varieties of bell pepper.