Carrots - one of the most useful and nutritious vegetables. For the first time this root crop was found in Asia, that carrot was colored purple and completely unsuitable for human consumption. Only carrot seeds were used, they were considered useful and even curative. Later varieties already resembled a modern vegetable — they had an orange color and a juicy, crunchy flesh.
Different varieties of carrots are grown almost everywhere. There are more heat-loving cultures, species resistant to cooling. Popular in 2019 carrot varieties with photos and descriptions will be discussed in this article.
How to grow carrots
Carrots - unpretentious culture. Buy seeds and grow this vegetable is very easy. Carrots do not require any special composition of the soil, it does not need regular and frequent watering.
Sow carrots with seeds directly into the ground (in a seedling way, the culture is not grown). After the emergence of seedlings, the plants are thinned so that the distance between the seedlings is at least 5 cm.
It is possible to plant carrots in any soil: both in sandy, and in chernozem or clay. The plant does not require special feeding, it rarely becomes a “target” for pests and diseases.
At the cottage or garden for carrots fit almost any part. There should not be high humidity, otherwise, carrot unpretentious.Tip! For loose soils, you can choose the seeds of long varieties, and for solid and dense soil is more suitable carrot with short root crops.
What seeds to choose for landing
The choice of carrot varieties for planting depends largely on the climatic characteristics of the region. But this is not the only factor. No less important:
- type of soil on the site;
- required rate of fruit ripening (early, middle or late carrot);
- harvest destination (processing, sale, storage, fresh consumption);
- yield volumes;
- carrot flavor.
It is clear that when choosing seeds, it is necessary to take into account all these factors, having decided on the most priority of them.
For example, for commercial purposes, foreign hybrids are most often grown - they produce stable yields, have the same and even fruits. However, such vegetables are not distinguished by high taste, their taste is less pronounced than that of domestic counterparts.
In order to provide fresh vegetables for your own family, you can stop the choice on varieties and hybrids of Russian selection. Such cultures are more adapted to the local climate, have the best taste, can be stored for a long period.
For those who are interested in the speed of ripening, suitable seeds of early ripe vegetables. But it must be remembered that the early carrots will not be very laying - it can not be stored for a long time. Mid-ripening and late varieties are more suitable for winter stocks. By the way, not only the appearance but also useful vitamins will be preserved in such carrots.Attention! Carrots - an indispensable vegetable for those who need a diet. It contains a lot of fiber and various trace elements. It is useful for the heart, blood vessels and the gastrointestinal tract. And, of course, do not forget about carotene, which is able to protect and restore vision.
In 2019, new varieties of carrots may appear, but the existing varieties of this vegetable are quite enough.
Like all early ripe varieties, "Tushon" is intended for fresh use and processing (freezing, canning, cooking various dishes). Vegetables ripen about 80 days after sowing seeds into the soil.
Mature fruits have a cylindrical shape, elongated - their length is about 20 cm. In the peel there are many small "eyes", its surface is smooth. The color of the root is rich orange. The shape of the fruit is correct, identical.
The weight of each root varies from 90 to 150 grams. The core of carrots is dense, juicy, painted in the same orange shade as the skin. Taste characteristics of the "Tushon" variety are good - the fruits can be added to different dishes or eaten raw.
Carrots contain large amounts of carotene, yields high yields - up to 4.5 kg per square meter.
One of the most productive varieties of carrots ripens on the 100th day after planting, therefore it is middle-ripening. Fruits grow small - their length is about 15 cm, and the diameter reaches 4 cm.
But from each square meter you can get up to 10 kg of root crops. Moreover, their quality is excellent: the carrot is juicy and crispy, suitable for long-term storage, the roots do not crack, and are resistant to most of the diseases characteristic of carrots.
Alenka carrots are suitable for cultivation in any region of the country: both in the south and in the Urals.
In the ranking of the best root vegetables can not include the famous variety "Vitamin 6". Carrots ripen about 100th day after sowing seeds, refers to the middle. The plant is resistant to major diseases, unpretentious in the care.
Fruits are colored in a red-orange shade, their skin is smooth, with small "eyes". The shape of the root is cylindrical, regular, with a blunt end. The length of the carrot is about 18 cm, weight - up to 170 grams.
Fruits contain a very large amount of carotene and other vitamins, after winter storage of vegetables retain most of the nutrients.
One of the most famous varieties - "Karotel". Culture begins to fructify on the 90th day after sowing seeds into the soil. The variety has a high yield - up to 7 kg per square meter.
Unpretentious and universal culture - suitable for cultivation in any region of the country.
Root crops have the form of an obtuse cylinder, not long - up to 15 cm. The weight of one vegetable reaches only 100 grams. The main feature of the variety is taste. "Karotel" has juicy pulp with characteristic "carrot" aroma and pronounced taste.
Harvest can be stored until the next garden season. Root vegetables contain so many vitamins that they are often used for the production of baby food and diet food.
One of the common table varieties - carrots "Nantes 4". Root crops become mature about three months after sowing seeds into the ground.
Fruits have the form of a cylinder, the tip of the root is rounded. Carrots are orange and peel is smooth. Each vegetable weighs about 120 grams, its length is up to 16 cm.
Carrot pulp is juicy, tasty, contains a lot of carotene and fiber. Fruits tolerate transportation and long-term storage.
Very similar to the previous variety - carrot "Nantes". This vegetable is better adapted to the climate of Central Russia.
The fruit has a cylindrical shape, the tip of each is slightly pointed. The color of the root is orange, the surface is smooth. The weight of each vegetable can reach 150 grams.
Aligned, beautiful fruits are simply for sale. However, this variety is not only attractive in appearance - the carrot is also tasty, it can be stored for a long time or used fresh.
This carrot can be attributed to mid-season varieties - fruits can be harvested 120 days after sowing seeds into the soil. The variety is universal, it can be grown in any region; any type of soil is suitable for this.
The fruits are painted in bright orange color, have the shape of a cone. The length of each reaches 17 cm, and the diameter is 5 cm. The surface of the root crop is smooth, the form is aligned.
Culture is resistant to most diseases, including tsvetushnosti.
Harvest carrots can be stored up to 9 months, consumed fresh, added to canned food and various dishes.
"Queen of Autumn"
To get an early harvest of this variety, it is necessary to plant seeds in the fall. When a normal (not podzimney) planting culture crops three months after the appearance of the first shoots.
The fruits are very smooth, have the shape of a cylinder, a smooth surface. The length of the carrot reaches 22 cm, weight - 170 grams. Inside the fruit is juicy and fragrant. High product quality allows massively grow the "Queen of Autumn" for sale.
The plant is resistant to low temperatures, the most frequent "carrot" diseases, has a good yield - up to 9 kg per meter.
Carrots of this variety are harvested at the end of the summer, when about 120 days pass from the time of sowing. Fruits grow large enough: their weight is, on average, 300 grams, and length - 25 cm.
The root crop is painted in a standard orange color, the surface is smooth, the shape is elongated conical. This vegetable is perfect for fresh consumption, preparation of various dishes, canning. But it is better not to leave “September” for winter storage - there are practically no useful substances and vitamins left in the roots.
Enough naughty hybrid created on the basis of several well-known varieties of carrots. Culture is very dependent on external conditions: temperature and humidity. To get a high and high-quality crop of root vegetables, it will be necessary to water the plants often and abundantly, to plant the seeds only after the formation of a constant air temperature in the region of 15-17 degrees.
If the carrot is not enough moisture, it will crack, change shape, lose its presentation. The length of the root is 20 cm, the core has a rich orange color.
Vegetable is very tasty, great for cooking salads, heat treatment, canning. For long storage carrot "Abaco" is not suitable.
Hybrid carrots can vary significantly depending on the seed manufacturer. Some vegetables of this sort surprise with very sweet flesh, others strike with increased brittleness - they break apart with the slightest pressure.
Root vegetables are painted in a rich orange color, have a pointed downward shape. The mass of each vegetable can reach a maximum of 550 grams and a length of 35 cm.
The taste qualities of the variety are also quite unusual, differing from the standard "carrot" taste.
Carrots "Nandrin" belongs to the early maturing, however, it differs in that it is beautifully stored for a long period. The culture is unpretentious - it feels great both on a modest summer cottage and on a huge farming field.
The fruits are quite large - up to 25 cm in length, painted orange, have a cone shape. Vegetable juicy and fragrant.
In addition to the well-known orange carrot, there are a lot of other varieties of this vegetable. Of them can be called:
- White carrot - in form it resembles the usual, the difference is that the vegetable does not have pigment, therefore it is painted white. The root vegetable tastes very appetizing and juicy, contains a lot of useful substances. For a long time, white carrots were used as feed vegetables (for livestock), but today they are the favorite variety of many summer residents and gardeners. Fruits are stored for a long time, used to prepare various dishes.
- Red carrot - the champion among all types of lycopene content. This pigment is responsible for cleaning the body from harmful toxins and slags, prevents the appearance of tumors, including cancer. It is possible to store red carrots for a long time, but it will lose more than half of the substances contained in it.
- Black is a very unusual variety that differs from the rest not only in appearance. The flesh of the black carrot is tender and juicy, has a pronounced taste of vanilla. Such root vegetables are not afraid of low temperatures, even with a slight frost the vegetables will remain intact. Another feature of this species is the yellow inflorescences, which emit a pleasant exotic smell.
- Yellow carrot contains more nutrients than any other species. Xanthophyll is responsible for blood vessels and the heart, and the substance lutein protects the eyes from exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Growing a yellow carrot is easy; it needs only timely watering. Root crops are quite high.
- Feed varieties are designed for feeding domestic animals (cows, pigs, rabbits, poultry). These roots do not have a pleasant taste, but they contain a lot of nutrient fiber and nutrients.
The choice of carrot varieties for the 2019 garden season should be based on several important factors. To obtain a large amount of high-quality product, it is better to choose hybrids of domestic and foreign breeding, and for cultivating carrots for their own needs, there are quite enough proven varieties of local selection.