A huge assortment of seeds can be misleading even an experienced gardener. Today, there are many varieties and hybrids of cucumber, they all have strengths: some are more productive, others are resistant to diseases, and others are characterized by early ripening. How to choose a suitable variety and not “get lost” in the variety of seeds?
Foreign seeds stand out as a separate block, most often they are obtained as a result of breeding, therefore they differ favorably against the background of domestic seed. The most common are the Dutch varieties of cucumbers - they are more beloved by summer residents and gardeners, thanks to their excellent characteristics and high taste.
What is Dutch cucumber
Most often, the Dutch people call the cucumbers all the hybrids of this culture. But this is wrong: there are Dutch seeds of not only hybrids, but also varieties of cucumber. Hybrids are obtained by breeding, combining the positive qualities of several varieties. A hybrid from a variety is also different in that it does not produce offspring. That is, excellent fruits will grow from the acquired seeds, but it will be impossible to collect seed material for the following seasons.
There are also such hybrids of cucumber, within which there are seeds, they can be planted and even get something in the end. But cucumbers grown in this way will no longer fully meet the characteristics declared by the seed producer: the plant may get sick, the fruits will not be even and beautiful, cucumbers may even become bitter.
The cost of Dutch seeds is much higher than domestic ones. But such a high price quite pays off the yield of cucumber - most often Dutch cultures bloom in clusters, on each of which grows from 3-10 cucumbers. On average, it is believed that a ton of cucumbers of Dutch origin can be collected from one hundred square meters of land.Tip! When buying seeds you need to pay attention to the recommended planting regions. What is good for Holland does not suit the northern regions of Russia. Need to buy seeds adapted to local conditions.
The strengths of the "Dutch"
And varieties, and hybrids of cucumbers grown from Dutch seeds, are of high quality fruit. In general, the advantages of Dutch cucumbers look like this:
- high yield is inherent in all varieties and hybrids of Dutch origin;
- resistance to most diseases;
- the presence of both pollinated and pollinating species;
- suitability for planting in soil and in greenhouses;
- lack of bitterness in the fruit and high taste;
- cucumbers grow about the same size, even and beautiful;
- universality of cucumbers - almost all varieties are suitable for salads and for preservation.
We can say that Dutch varieties and cucumber hybrids combine all the best qualities of this vegetable.Important! A bag of Dutch seeds contains only a few seeds, but this does not mean the producer’s greed. The fact is that these cucumbers give strong and branched whips, and the fruits grow in clusters, so you can not plant them thickly. It is recommended to plant 4 seeds on 1 m² of soil.
How to choose a suitable variety of "Dutch"
The choice of cucumber varieties is a responsible event; this is exactly the case when the advice of neighbors and the feedback from sellers can harm the owner. Because in the choice of cucumber, it is important to take into account individual characteristics, such as:
- depth of groundwater;
- soil type;
- planting seeds in a greenhouse or in open ground;
- the presence of bees on the site;
- weather conditions (temperature, duration of summer, rainfall, frost);
- estimated frequency of watering;
- the frequency of harvest (every day, only on weekends);
- Purpose of cucumbers (for fresh consumption, for salting, for sale).
If with the majority of factors everything is clear, then some need to be deciphered.Important! Seeds of hybrids are easily distinguished by the code "F1", written after the name.
What does the bee
The fact is that the Dutch varieties, like the rest of cucumbers, are divided into three types:
- Bee pollinated.
For the first species, bees are necessarily needed, if there are none on the plot, or cucumbers are planted in a closed greenhouse, you can not wait for the harvest. Unpeeled female flowers will become empty flowers.
Self-pollinated hybrids are more common than other species (almost all “Dutch” belong to this species). They are universal: suitable for greenhouses, and for open ground. Self-pollinated varieties have inflorescences that combine female pistils and male stamens, these are the so-called hermaphrodites. They do not need additional pollination, they independently cope with this process. Self-pollinated hybrids often do not produce seeds, but such cucumbers are also found with seeds.
Partenocarpic species do not need pollination at all; all their flowers are female. Cucumbers can also be planted in the greenhouse and in the open land.Important! Experienced gardeners believe that self-pollinated hybrids obtained as a result of breeding are tastier than parthenocarpic varieties. Especially prized cucumbers containing seeds - a source of vitamins and trace elements, as well as, "corporate" cucumber flavor.
Salt or cut into a salad
According to taste characteristics, three types of cucumbers are distinguished:
They are all good, but each in its own way. Lettuce cucumber has a thin, delicate skin and juicy, tasty pulp. It is good to eat it raw, add to salads and other dishes. But lettuce cucumbers are not suitable for preservation - they “limp” in brine, they become soft and shapeless.
For pickling and pickling use pickling cucumber varieties. Their peel is thicker; after pickling with brine, such cucumbers become crispy and appetizing.
Universal grade suitable for any purpose. This is a great option for private cultivation, when the owner will use the same cucumbers for preservation and for fresh consumption.
Top Dutch Cucumbers
Only after analyzing all the factors, you can choose the appropriate variety of cucumbers. If the site is close ground water, you need to choose seeds that are planted shallowly (1-2 cm). For suburban areas, where the owner visits only on weekends, hybrids with slow growth will do.Tip! It is very important not to confuse greenhouse varieties with those intended for open ground. Otherwise, a good harvest can not wait. These varieties have different terms of planting, ripening, requirements for irrigation, temperature and light.
One of the best representatives of the "Dutch" hybrid "Angelina F1". This is a very early cucumber, belonging to the category of "self-pollinated species." The cucumbers are medium in size, the length of the fruits reaches 14 cm. These are universal cucumbers, perfectly showing themselves in salting and tasty and crispy in salads. The hybrid is not afraid of shaded areas, it is also resistant to most of the diseases characteristic of cucumbers. To see the fruits of the cucumber "Angelina F1" can be in the photo below.
Another superearly variety is the Dutch hybrid Hector F1. The fruits of this variety are compact in size and thin peel with large pimples. Hector shrubs are small and unlearned, but cucumbers grow on them in clusters.
An amazing feature of the fruit is their steady bright green color - cucumbers do not turn yellow from over-ripening, they can be stored for a long time after being picked. "Hector F1" is equally good for greenhouses and open ground, the variety is self-pollinated. Seeds hardened from low temperatures and various diseases. You can see the hybrid in the photo.
Bettina F1 is best grown in greenhouses. These cucumbers are great for farmers selling vegetables. They for a long time keep a trade dress, do not turn yellow and do not spoil when transporting. Fruits ripen very quickly, fruit plants for a long time. Therefore, the yield of varieties at altitude.
Themselves cucumbers average (12 cm), cylindrical, regular shape. The skin on them is dense, with tubercles. Cucumbers "Bettina F1" can be salted, sour and eat raw. A distinctive feature of the hybrid - all the fruits are located on the main stem. The plant is not very fond of the sun, this variety is great for greenhouses and shaded areas of the garden. You can look at the Dutch hybrid in the photo below.
The top grade is also Dolomite F1. These cucumbers can be planted both in the greenhouse and in the ground - they are self-pollinated. A feature of the hybrid is its ability to regenerate - after low temperatures or drought, the plant is quickly restored, restoring fruiting.
If you properly care for Dolomite F1, you can harvest all season. Fruits have a dark green color, the skin is dense with mounds and spikes. This grade for preservation perfectly is suitable - cucumbers turn out very crackling. Like all the "Dutch", "Dolomite F1" is not afraid of disease and temperature leaps. A sample of the fetus is shown in the photo.
Dutch cucumber varieties fully deserve the recognition and love of gardeners. They are the result of breeding, so they combine the strong qualities of the best varieties. Growing “Dutch” is even easier, due to their versatility and resistance to stress and illness. All of them are very fruitful, but in order to collect a lot of high-quality fruits, you must carefully consider the choice of the variety.