You can take a fresh crop of vegetables from your plot even in late autumn. To do this, some gardeners planted late varieties of cucumbers. Mostly their fruits are used for harvesting for the winter. They are consumed fresh.
Late varieties are resistant to temperature extremes and diseases. Self-pollinated species can be grown in greenhouses.
Key differences late varieties
While the cucumbers are not yet ripe, the bush continues to develop the root system. When the first flowers appear, its development slows down, and all the nutrients go to the development of the ground part of the plant.
In early varieties, the ripening period may be slightly more than a month. Then the root development ends. The bush can bear fruit abundantly, but only for a short period of time. After a few weeks, yellow leaves appear. Even with the use of nitrogen fertilizing, the fruiting period is prolonged only slightly.
Late varieties have a different pattern of root development. For 45-50 days it grows twice as extensive. Although cucumbers appear later, in general, fruiting lasts longer and more abundant.
Thus, later varieties have the following differences:
- give a harvest later;
- the fruiting period lasts longer;
- elastic fruit with dense skin;
- cucumbers are ideal for salting.
Late cucumbers are resistant to temperature fluctuations and bear fruit well until autumn even under the most favorable conditions. They can be planted both in open ground and in the greenhouse, where self-pollinated plants are placed. The fruits are mainly used for harvesting for the winter.
Some of the varieties of late varieties
As the name implies, later varieties begin to bear fruit later than others. If you plant in the garden such seeds, fresh fruit can be removed until frost. Self-pollinated species can be planted in a greenhouse.
The following are a few late varieties.
Such cucumbers are perfect for pickling. The variety is resistant to fungal infections and drought, fruiting continues until frost.
This variety is characterized by elongated whips and high yields. Fruits are yellow-green in color, the peel is covered with large tubercles. The form is cylindrical.
High yield, fruiting period lasts until frost. The fruits themselves in length reach 16 cm, weight approximately 220 g, the skin is covered with large tubercles.
One of the later varieties, the first fruits appear after 64 days, after the seeds have risen. The plant is pollinated, branched, flowering mostly female. Cucumbers have a pleasant taste without bitterness, crunchy, suitable for both direct consumption and for blanks. He transfers heat well, productivity does not fall. Resists downy mildew and other diseases.
From the moment the seeds are sown, before the beginning of fruiting, this variety passes around 47-50 days, it is middle-ripening. Bee pollinated, resistant to diseases, gives a bountiful harvest.
The scourge has an average length, the lateral branches are long. Both types of flowers are present. The fruits have an oblong shape, covered with light green veins, slightly spotted, with large and rare mounds. Cucumbers up to 12 cm long, weighing 138 g.
This variety is suitable for planting in the open field and under the coating in the form of a film.
Bee pollinated, resistant to a number of diseases, including powdery mildew. Bush with elongated whips, flowering mostly female. Fruits are ideal for harvesting, have a pleasant taste without a bitter note. The size of a cucumber is on average 10-11 cm, weight up to 100 g.
Fruiting in this variety begins 55-70 days after the seeds have grown. Designed for planting on open ground, bee-pollinating, combined flowering. Scourge long, branches of medium length. The plant resists downy mildew, low temperatures. The variety has a constant yield, perfect for harvesting. Fruits are oblong in shape, size 10-12 cm, weight just over 100 g
There are many varieties of cucumbers with a long period of fruiting. However, later varieties are less popular than early self-pollinated ones. To make a choice in the store with seeds, you should carefully read the information on the back of the bag.
What does the mark "F1"
Some packages have an “F1” tag. She points out that these seeds are hybrid, that is, they are bred as a result of crossing varieties.
As a rule, such seeds (self-pollinated or bee-pollinated) are more expensive. The difference in price is due to the complexity of the selection work and the high quality of the seed obtained.Important! Cucumber hybrid varieties are prohibited to use for harvesting seeds. Of these, fruits with the characteristics of the original plant are no longer obtained.
The following are several varieties of late hybrid varieties.
This hybrid variety is suitable for planting on open ground or under film coating. He gives a bountiful harvest and bears fruit for a long time. It has excellent taste, used fresh and is used for blanks. These cucumbers have crisp flesh without a bitter shade. The length of the fruit up to 10 cm, weight about 70-80 g. The plant is resistant to many diseases.
Fresh fruits can be collected until late autumn. Primarily intended for canning, cucumbers have a pleasant taste without a hint of bitterness.
This late variety can also be grown in open field or under film coating. Strongly scrubby bush, is particularly resistant to a number of diseases. The length of cucumbers is about 7-9 cm.
This variety will bear fruit until the autumn frosts. It is resistant to low temperatures and a whole complex of diseases, including powdery mildew and the virus of cucumber mosaic.
Planted on open ground. Fruits grow 10-12 cm long, covered with large mounds and white thorns. The plant has a strong root system and enhanced growth of the side branches.
It is worth noting that even resistant to low temperatures cucumbers in the cold will develop longer. Therefore, it is worth planting them within a certain time: for open ground this is the beginning of June, for unheated greenhouses - the middle of May. If cucumbers are planted on time, they will begin to bear fruit on the dates indicated on the package.
Late varieties will suit those gardeners who expect a bountiful harvest by the end of summer and early autumn. Cold-resistant cucumbers will bear fruit steadily until the first frost. You can use them fresh, but they are especially good for canning.