Cucumbers are loved not only for their taste, but also for ease of cultivation. These crops do not require complex care, special soil and some special conditions - they grow on ordinary beds or in greenhouses. Each gardener, if desired, can collect seeds from his own grown cucumbers and, thus, do not spend money on seed material. But this method is not suitable for those who love unusual, exotic varieties and waiting for abundant harvests.
To get the best cucumbers, you need to buy seeds of hybrids.
Origin of Hybrid Cucumber
Hybrids are descendants of several crossed varieties. For the selection of high-quality hybrid cucumber need years of scientific work, the annual cultivation of crossed crops. Only in the 5-10 generation, breeders get the best results - those hybrids, the seeds of which will go on sale.
Such painstaking work determines the high cost of hybrid seeds. As a rule, their price is several times higher than the cost of high-quality cucumbers.
Many countries today are engaged in selection, in the domestic market you can find the seeds of German, Chinese, Japanese and, of course, Dutch origin.
The “Dutchmen” appeared in Russia before the rest of the hybrids, and to this day remain the most popular among farmers and gardeners.
Such demand is justified, Dutch cucumbers have a number of exceptional qualities and characteristics.
Why are the "Dutch" - the best
The title of "best" Dutch hybrids received for a number of reasons, the most important of which are:
- Good adaptation to local climatic conditions. Unlike "Asians", seeds from Europe are more adapted to the temperature regime of the Russian regions. Cucumber seeds are hardened and can withstand temperature surges and drops.
- Plants are resistant to most diseases characteristic of cucumbers. Seeds are processed and fully prepared for planting in the ground.
- Most often, the ovary of Dutch cucumbers appear in clusters - 5-10 fruits grow from one node.
- High yield of hybrids is ensured by their resistance to external factors.
- The taste qualities of the “Dutch” are in no way inferior to the Russian varieties. Hybrid cucumbers can be used for salads and for preservation.
- Lack of bitterness. Bitter taste appears in cucumber due to violations of water-temperature conditions. And the Dutch hybrids are completely devoid of the enzyme that is responsible for bitterness, so these cucumbers are never bitter.
- Rapid ripening. Both early and late varieties of Dutch breeding are characterized by rapid ripening of fruits. On average, the period from the appearance of the first leaflets to the ripening of cucumbers is about a month.
The material from the purchased bag is completely ready for planting, the seeds do not need additional processing and hardening.
All listed characteristics speak about high quality of Dutch seeds.
Cucumber growing conditions vary according to the degree of soil openness. For greenhouse crops, pollination is an important factor; it is better to grow cucumbers that do not require pollination in greenhouses. These are parthenocarpic and self-pollinated species. Just such types of hybrids and prevail among the Dutch seeds, so they can be grown both in greenhouses and in the open garden plot or in the field.
The following classification, which you need to pay attention to when buying seeds, is the time of ripening. There are:
- early varieties;
- with late ripening.
The last division of varieties is performed depending on the purpose of cucumbers, there are:
- Salad cucumbers to be consumed fresh.
- Pickling or preserving tolerates brine contact and heat treatment well.
- Universal varieties can be eaten raw or canned.
Feature of Dutch salad cucumbers
The best cucumbers for salads are Dutch. It is easy to distinguish such varieties by the ripe fruit - cucumbers grow long, have an elongated shape. The rind of a cucumber is thin and tender.
On its surface, there are often rare tubercles and white spikes. The pulp of cucumber juicy, with a characteristic taste and smell. Inside the fruit, you can often see small seeds. Many hybrid cucumber hybrids show themselves well in the marinade, although they cannot be preserved for the winter.
One of the best hybrids, intended for fresh consumption, is "Agat F1". The plant is hardened from many diseases, it differs in its average maturity, adapted to the climate of central Russia.
Hybrid fruits have good product characteristics, cucumbers grow beautiful and have good keeping quality. The length of the green leaves is 45 cm, and the weight is 250 grams. The skin is tender, smooth, without thorns and bitterness. The taste of cucumbers juicy, fragrant.
It is necessary to plant seeds in April-May, it can be done both in open and in closed ground, because the hybrid belongs to parthenocarpic and does not require pollination.
Bushes are vigorous plants, reach a height of 2.5 meters, ovary tuft. This provides a high hybrid yield - from four bushes you can get up to 11.5 kg of cucumbers.
Another hybrid for cooking salads - "Alligator F1". This is a bee-pollinated species, which is better planted in open ground or provide artificial pollination in the greenhouse.
Hybrid refers to the early ripe, the first Zelentsy appear on the 46-48th day after planting. Seeds are protected from a variety of diseases, the plant is stress-resistant - tolerates temperature fluctuations.
The fruits have a cylindrical shape, elongated, their length reaches 35-40 cm. The peel is tender, with large tubercles.
Hybrid bushes high, sprawling. With one square meter of land you can collect up to 16 kg of cucumbers.
What is the difference between pickling cucumbers
Lettuce cucumbers are not suitable for preservation, because their rind is too porous, it quickly gets saturated with pickle and becomes soft - the cucumbers do not crunch.
The best varieties of pickling cucumbers have the ability to gradually pass the brine through the pores.
Dutch cucumbers for salting differ from Russian in appearance. Their skin is covered with a large number of black thorns and tubercles, gardeners call such a shell a “Dutch shirt”. Through these thorns, the brine slowly penetrates into the pulp of the cucumber, the vegetable remains crisp and dense.Important! Bee-pollinated varieties are considered the most suitable for preservation - cucumbers have a strong taste and aroma that persists after salting.
Hybrid "Authority F1" is a representative of bee-pollinated species. Early culture begins to bear fruit on the 43-48th day after planting. The plant is protected from a variety of diseases, including radical rot.
The cucumbers grow in clusters, the fruits are small in size, 9-11 cm each. The skin is tubercles, the shape of the green men is cylindrical. The flesh of the fruit is juicy, without bitterness - cucumbers are tasty both fresh and canned.
Bushes sredneroslye with small leaves, with one meter of soil gardener can collect up to 5.5 kg of excellent vegetables, it is suitable for sale.
Hybrid "Angelina F1" loves heat, it is better to grow in the southern regions of the early, warm summer, or in greenhouses. The plant belongs to parthenocarpic, has many female flowers.
Fruits grow medium size - 10-12 cm, their weight reaches 110 grams. Zelentsy do not have bitterness at all, they can be used both fresh and pickled, canned.
The variety "Angelina F1" is one of the best-selling cucumbers, which tolerate transportation and keep their presentation for a long time.
Shrubs low (up to 80 cm), require feeding and timely watering. In one node ripens three fruits. The plant is resistant to disease, but does not like the cold. The yield of the hybrid is high - 2800 kg from each weave of land.
How to identify the best Dutch varieties
Every experienced gardener has his favorite varieties that he grows over the years. One of these are the most popular, are Dutch hybrids "Masha F1" and "Herman F1". These cucumbers are universal:
- suitable for planting in the ground and in the greenhouse;
- are parthenocarpic, that is, do not require pollination;
- are resistant to diseases;
- give medium-sized fruits with excellent taste, suitable for salads and pickling;
- undemanding to soil, watering and temperature;
- differ in high productivity.
These are the qualities that the best Dutch cucumber seeds should possess.
And let gardeners not embarrassed by the high cost of Dutch seeds, it is more than paying off with high yields.