Self-pollinated open-field bush cucumbers are a popular garden crop. This vegetable has a long history of development. Even in ancient times, people knew that this garden crop had a healing, purifying effect on the body. This is due to the fact that the vegetable is 70% water. They have beneficial properties that improve the functioning of the kidneys, heart, appetite, as well as the body's metabolism. The food is used both fresh in fresh salads, and in canned.
Characteristics of self-pollinated cucumbers
Vegetable gardeners and amateur gardeners know the fact that cucumbers can be pollinated by bees and can also be pollinated by themselves. Cucumbers self-pollinated on open soil, characterized by an early, rich harvest.
Features that should be considered when choosing cucumbers, which are themselves pollinated:
- Climate features
- Features of temperature indicators
- Features of the type of soil
Distinctive features of cucumber varieties that are pollinated themselves, from varieties pollinated by bees:
- Pollinated by themselves, without the obligatory participation of bees
- They are characterized by the presence of a pistil and stamens (when dew hits them, the pollination process is carried out)
- They are characterized by versatility (they can be grown both in greenhouses and in open soil)
Varieties of cucumber self-pollinated belong to the significant property in the selection. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, these varieties delight rich harvest. With proper planting, care, tillage with 1 m² collect 20 kg of vegetables.
Varieties of self-pollinated bush cucumbers grown on open soil
Patti variety cucumbers
Refers to a new type. Characterized by excellent yield. Ripe vegetables of saturated green color, have a small size, pimples. This garden crop has good resistance to adverse weather conditions. Most often used for pickling, as well as canning.
Early ripening view, the first ripe vegetables can be started from the last days of May. Eat fresh in salads. They are characterized by high resistance to diseases, temperature differences.
Variety Cucumber King
They belong to the early ripening mind. Taste delicate, fresh. It is characterized by long, large fruits of pale green color. Proper care, timely watering - procedures that contribute to the cultivation of a good harvest (up to 20 kg from 1 m² of garden area). They have good disease resistance.
Professional gardeners call this kind of - "king" of cucumbers. This is due to the fact that more than 20 kg of fragrant harvest can be grown per 1 m². Vegetables are characterized by a pleasant taste, notes of bitterness are excluded. Can be stored for a long time. For a long time bear fruit. Observing proper care, moisturizing, delight the harvest until the beginning of autumn.
It is characterized by a soft green color range, small size, the presence of small bumps and high yields. Mainly used for pickles, canning.
Attention! For a good harvest of self-pollinating cucumbers of open soil, it is necessary to take care of it properly and water it in a timely manner.
Features of cultivation: planting, care, hydration
The soil on which cucumbers of this variety are grown should be light and rich in humus. For greater resistance to disease, experts recommend planting them on the same site with a frequency of 5 years 1 time. Develop well on the site of the previous planting of tomatoes, peas, potatoes, corn. Professional gardeners are advised to make a top dressing for the soil under the sprayed self-pollinated cucumbers. This garden crop can be grown both with the help of seeds, and with the help of seedlings.
Planting cucumbers in a seedling way
Thanks to this method, the fruiting process is carried out much faster than when planting seeds. The first harvest of open-field cucumbers planted by seedlings is harvested 14 days earlier than those planted with seeds.
Before planting, seeds for seedlings fall asleep in a special bag and placed in a special nutrient solution (water 1 l, wood ash, 1 tsp nitrophoska) for 12 hours. After the expiration of the specified time, the seeds are washed with clean water several times, put on a damp cloth and stored at air temperature of 20ºС for 48 hours. Before the day of planting seeds for seedlings, they are placed on the day in the refrigerator.
Seeds for seedlings are sown throughout April in small pots up to 12 cm in height. A special mixture is prepared for the soil, consisting of 1 part of fine wood chips, 2 parts of peat, 2 hours of humus. 10 kg of the mixture are mixed 2st.l. ash tree, 1.5 st.l. nitrofoski. The soil solution is well mixed, then it is scattered in pots. Each seed pot is planted with 1 seed seed and moistened with a small amount of water. In a month, when 2 leaves appear, the seedlings can be transplanted into open soil.
Planting Cucumber Seeds
Before sowing, seeds are soaked in water 25ºС for 20 hours. Next, lay out on a damp cloth. Thanks to this procedure, the seeds quickly germinate.
On the garden beds, 7 cm of lune are prepared, located close to each other evenly. In each hole is placed 1 stuff seeds. Next, the holes with seeds are gently sprinkled with soil, compacted, watered with a small amount of water.
Garden beds with self-pollinated open ground cucumbers must be systematically burnt from weeds. While the plants are small, you need to gently loosen the soil. Further, the procedure of loosening is carried out 1 time for 7 days. Timely systematic harvesting also applies to care.
This garden crop needs to be systematically moistened. Before flowering, the plant is recommended to be watered every day. During the fruiting period, carry out every 4 days. For irrigation it is recommended to use slightly warm water.
Attention! Moisturizing is recommended to carry out in the morning or evening period. If you water the plant during the daytime, the leaves can burn.
In self-pollinated cucumbers for open ground make additional feeding up to 5 times per season:
- Stage 1. A solution is prepared in proportions of 10 liters of water, 1 liter of mullein (1: 8 = manure: water). The solution should be infused for 14 days. Next, add 10 g of potassium sulfate, 30 g of superphosphate, 10 g of urea.
- Stage 2 The second feeding is carried out in a week. In the store, everything for the garden of the garden must be purchased with fertilizer for self-pollinated cucumbers grown on open soil, diluted with water according to the instructions on the package. For 1 m² used 3 liters of feeding.
- Stage 3 The third feeding is carried out 10 days after the previous one. Solution used: 2st.l. feeding Effekton-O on 10 l of water. 4 l of the mixture is spent for 1 m², it is poured at the root of each plant
- 4 stage. The fourth feeding is carried out on day 9 after the third. Fertilizer proportions: water 10 l, 2 tbsp. Agricol Vegeta, 1 tbsp. nitrofoski. For 1 m² use 5 liters of the mixture.
- Stage 5 The fifth is carried out on the 10th day after the fourth. For this you need: 2 tbsp. special complex feed for cucumbers of this variety, 10 liters of water. For 1 m² 3 liters of feed are used.
Thus, the self-pollinated variety of cucumbers, which is grown in open soil, is characterized by the presence of a pistil, stamen, on which dew falls, thanks to this process pollination is carried out. The main varieties include: Patti, King, Prestige, Stella, April. Each variety is characterized by its own characteristics. Sow both seedlings and seeds. Proper planting, care, fertilizing fertilizers of this garden crop contribute to a good harvest.
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