Self-cured varieties of cucumbers for open ground and greenhouses by maturity are divided into 3 groups:
- Early maturing;
Tuberous thick-skinned fruits with thick flesh and black conical fibers on the skin are suitable for salting and canning.
Early ripening varieties
Varieties of cucumbers with a growing season before fruiting 40-45 days belong to the group of early ripening.
High-yielding variety "Siberian Salt F1"
The Siberian Salt F1, a hybrid variety of cucumbers that does not require pollination, is suitable for pickling and canning. Cucumber seedlings or seeds are planted in the greenhouse and open ground under the film coating when the soil temperature reaches 15 degrees. Planting depth up to 1.5 cm. Productivity increases in warm beds with light soil. Watering is desirable twice a day in the early morning and in the evening after the heat has fallen.
Active fruiting of “Siberian Salt F1” begins six weeks after the appearance of the first leaves above the soil surface. Fruit ovaries on lashes are arranged in groups. Small-crested cucumbers do not outgrow. The optimal size of greens is 6-8 cm. Taste without bitterness, average fruit weight 60g. Productivity to 10 kg from a lash. The tetrahedral form of pickling cucumbers is close to cylindrical.
Ripening is amicable, up to 3 cucumbers are formed in the ovary. An abundance of fruits get on the beds with regular loosening and feeding. Spraying the leaves with warm, settled water activates the growing season of cucumbers. Retain a pleasant appearance, fruit density and excellent taste after salting.
Hybrid fruits on the seeds do not leave.
Early ripe grade "Murashka F1"
Variety for salting and canning "Murashka" old-timers on the beds, known since the 30s of the last century. Due to the popularity has undergone more than one selective change.
Zoned for the northern regions of Siberia. Feels great in the greenhouse and open ridges. Planted seedlings, happy gardener harvest in the first half of June.
The type of flowering hybrid female, does not require pollination. Flower sinus contains up to 6 cucumber ovaries. Zelentsovo ripening period 45 days. Productivity reaches 20 kg from square meter. Easily tolerates faint shading. Settled on the balconies and window sills.
Plants of medium size, emit 4-6 branches, the leaves are thickened. Needs nip extra shoots. Zelentsy large:
- Average weight - 100 g;
- Medium length - 11 cm;
- Diameter - 3.5 cm.
The color of cucumbers changes smoothly from light green at the tip to dark at the stem. Thorns are dark, prickly. Suitable for any kind of canning. Fruits until frost. Immune to olive spot, powdery mildew. Undemanding to soil type. But for the breathability of the soil will thank the harvest. Seed germination of 98%.
Cucumber gherkin "Prestige f1"
The variety of cucumbers for canning and salting "Prestige f1" of early ripening period is zoned for the West Siberian and Central Black Earth regions.
Bushes powerful, up to 2 m long, without excess lashes. Type of flowering female. The growing season before harvesting Zelentsov 42-45 days. Ovaries are formed in a bouquet of up to 4 pieces in the node.
- Fruit size - 8-10 cm;
- Fruit weight - 70-90 g;
- Productivity - 25 kg / sq. m
Cucumbers "Prestige f1" recommended for commercial production. Uniform ripening of greens, prolonged abundant fruiting is characteristic of a hybrid. Fruits do not outgrow, can be stored for a long time after harvesting until canned. Do not suffer with shading and temperature jumps. After salting in the pulp of the fruit does not appear voids. Variety of cucumbers "Prestige f1" is immune to disease.
Mid-season pickling varieties
The vegetation period for self-pollinating varieties for salting and canning is 45-50 days. The quality of the final product is different for the better in comparison with the ripened.
Crop variety "Ging F1"
"Ginga F1" is adapted to the climate of the Central Black Earth region. The German variety of medium ripening has acclimatized, has become popular. This sort of cucumber for canning is recommended not only for home gardening, but also for commercial production by large agricultural producers. The first greenhouses ripen in 46-50 days after germination.
The yield ranges from 24-52 kg per square meter. Scourge length up to 2 m, pinching is not required.
Cucumbers "Ginga F1" cylindrical shape, low ribbed, dark green, tuberculate with white thorns. Located on the whip often. The length is three times the diameter. There are no voids in the seed chamber.
- Average fruit weight - 85 g;
- The average length of the fetus - 10.5 cm;
- Diameter - 3 cm.
The variety is resistant to damage from brown spot, powdery mildew, and cucumber mosaic. Drip irrigation doubles the yield. The main purpose of the variety is salting and canning.
Self-pollinated cucumbers "White sugar F1"
New hybrid variety of cucumber mid-ripening period of the Ural breeders. Fruits on the plantation stand out in an unusual creamy white color on a green background. Harvesting starts at 46-50 a day. Red-tucked greens are distinguished by their mild flavor. The use of cucumbers is not limited to salting and canning. Salad they decorate not only a rare color, but also a delicious taste.
Scourge is not sprawling, pinching and pinching are not required. The planting scheme is applied compacted 60x15 cm. In open ground, seedlings are planted no earlier than mid-May.
For a grade the high responsiveness on top dressings and loosening is characteristic. Harvesting fruits is desirable daily: overgrown Zelentsi inhibit the growth of ripening cucumbers. The commercial size of the fruit is 8-12 cm. Late-ripe self-pollinating pickling varieties
Late varieties of cucumbers are better suited for salting and canning. Commodity and taste of the fruit are stored in the second year of storage.
Cultivation of large-fruited varieties for salting is successfully carried out in the autumn-winter period with artificial lighting and heated soil. Bouquet ovaries of 4-8 flowers allow you to get a massive increase in cucumbers. In combination with simple agrotechnics, this variety is a find for a farmer and a gardener.
The central stem is not limited in growth, reaches 3.5 m in length. Type of flowering female, does not require pollination. Side shoots give a greater amount of fruit by 20%.
- Average fruit weight - 130 g;
- Average length - 15 cm;
- Fruit shape - faceted cylinder;
- Diameter - 4 cm;
- Productivity - 20 kg / sq. m
The surface of the thin-skinned dark green fetus is tuberculate, with light spikes. Juicy light green flesh of Zelentsa is sweetish in taste, juicy, fleshy. Skoroplodnos unusual: the first collection of cucumbers is held on the 25-30 day after transplanting. Excellent transportability and keeping quality of fruits - additional advantages. After salting, greens do not lose color.
The plant is demanding on the quality of lighting - in shading the growth of greens is reduced. Untimely or insufficient watering affects the taste of the fruit - bitterness appears. It grows poorly on acidic soils, requires liming at least 1 time in 3 years. The length of the main stem requires the installation of additional trellis.
Planting density 2-3 plants per square meter.