Eggplant is a heat-loving culture that moved to Russia from India. For the cultivation of these plants need a high temperature, so they are planted in open ground in the southern regions.
Eggplants can be planted in greenhouses in central Russia. One of the common varieties that is shown in the photo is Alekseevsky. From the bushes you can get a good harvest in temperate climates.
The Alekseevskiy variety belongs to the early eggplants, it reaches ripeness 98-132 days after germination. Gives a bountiful harvest. Forms eggplant slightly sprawling bush of small height - up to 70 cm.
The stem has weak pubescence. The leaves, as seen in the photo, are medium in size, with jagged edges.
The variety is zoned primarily for the North Caucasus and the Lower Volga region. However, it is possible to plant this eggplant in central Russia in a greenhouse or in a film tunnel. Also, the variety is grown in Moldova and Ukraine.
Variety Alekseevsky produces cylindrical fruit. Their mass reaches from 100 to 190 grams, the average length - up to 15 centimeters. Eggplant skin is smooth, glossy, dark purple. The flesh of the fruit is white, has no bitter taste.
The variety has the following advantages:
- high yield;
- rich skin color;
- the correct and identical form of the fruit;
- taste qualities.
Eggplant has a high taste and versatile in use. Fruits can be used to prepare saute and other dishes, as well as for preservation. Well transported.Important! Variety Alekseevsky gives about 7 kg of crop per square meter of planting.
There are either spikes on the eggplant calyx, or they are available in small quantities.
Seed preparation process
Before growing at home or in a greenhouse seedlings, you need to prepare the seeds well. As you know, eggplant seeds germination is difficult. To get a good result, you will need the following steps.
- Check the quality of seeds. To make sure that the planted seeds will emerge, they are pre-soaked in warm water. After waiting 5 minutes, the separated seeds are separated. Those that rose, are suitable for landing.
- Soak before sowing. To facilitate the germination of seeds, their day should be placed in aloe juice.
For seedlings to grow strong, careful soil preparation is equally important. Eggplant - culture, demanding on the composition of the soil. It is preferable to take for sowing seeds turf ground. It is enriched with peat, humus, added wood ash, sawdust and superphosphate.
As for containers, use special cassettes, plastic cups or large containers. Seeds are lowered into the soil to a depth of 1.5 cm. Then the containers with seedlings are covered with a film until germination. They are left at a temperature of 25 degrees.
Features of growing eggplant
Eggplant is first sown on seedlings. For the emergence of shoots need a temperature of about 25 degrees. In such conditions, sprouts can be seen in two or three weeks.Important! Germination of eggplant seeds is not lost for five years.
Seedlings can be placed directly in the greenhouse. Before planting seeds perform the following operations:
- pickle the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate, it is better to do it twice;
- seeds are sown with an interval of 3 cm;
- until the emergence of shoots maintain a temperature of 25 degrees;
- when the seeds hatch, the temperature is lowered to 18 degrees in order to avoid pulling out the shoots
- if some shoots are still stretched, sprinkle with soil.
If the seeds are purchased with a reserve, you can sow them with an interval of 1 cm, and leave 4 cm between rows. After the emergence of shoots, their condition is assessed. The weak are cut off, and the strongest leave at a distance of 3 cm from each other.Important! During the growth of seedlings need to regularly loosen the ground.
It is not necessary to use top dressings when growing eggplant seedlings. In order for the seeds to sprout, the temperature of the soil must reach at least 14 degrees Otherwise they will not germinate.
Planting seedlings in the ground
The optimal age of eggplant seedlings for transplanting into the ground is 60 days. Sprouts are recommended to harden. For this, the shoots are kept for 2 hours at a temperature of 15 degrees. Within a few days the temperature is reduced to street indications. The exposure time is extended to 24 hours.
For an eggplant bed, it is better to choose a plot with fertile soil in a well-lit area. It is also important that the place is protected from the wind. While it is preferable that the site was located on a hill.
It is necessary to take into account what kind of culture was previously grown on this site, and what neighbors will be at the eggplant.
- The best predecessors are onions, carrots, cabbage, and beans. You should not plant an eggplant after solanaceous crops. These include pepper, tomato, potatoes, and eggplant itself (even another variety). Before landing, you need to sustain a gap of at least three years.
- It is important to note which cultures are located in the neighborhood. Eggplant does not tolerate shading. Therefore, there should not be nearby crops with a tall bush. The best neighbors for eggplant are garlic, onions, and sorrel.
For each sprout in the garden one should leave a space of 60 × 40 cm. When the temperature drops, the first flowers in the bushes can fall off. You should not be afraid of this; such a fact does not indicate a poor quality of seeds or an incorrectly selected variety.
How to care for eggplants in the garden
Immediately before planting in the soil prepare the hole, which is shed with two liters of water. Plants can be planted if the ground is well warmed, and the threat of frost has definitely passed.
To grow your eggplant, you need to take care of the seedlings after planting in open ground. These include:
- regular watering;
- weed removal;
- pest protection.
It is necessary to water an eggplant once in 10 days. To calculate the volume of water for irrigation, you need to remember: the soil should be moistened to a depth of 50 cm.
A great danger to such a culture as eggplant, is the Colorado potato beetle. Among the tools often used by gardeners - tinctures of garlic and pepper, it is worth noting that the effect of them is only insignificant. The use of chemicals also will not appeal to everyone.
Agrofibre is a good option to protect the bushes. This soft material covers eggplant. As the bushes grow, the covering rises without causing any harm to the leaves.
Another important point - the plants need feeding. This procedure is carried out in three steps:
- In the flowering period.
- Before the main harvest.
- After removing the vegetables.
In order for the fruits to be large, only 4 strongest branches are left on the main stem. The rest are cut so as not to take away moisture and nutrients in vain.
Reviews gardeners about planting eggplant
The question of planting eggplant is interesting to many gardeners. Next, we collected several reviews about the Alekseevsky variety, which is shown in the photo, and other varieties.Alexandra, Moscow From my experience, I can say that the Alekseevsky variety is one of the best for growing in a greenhouse. Fruits ripen quickly, do not have a bitter or sour taste, as noted in some other eggplants. Grows well, although not so much light and heat. Daria Perm I tried to plant an eggplant in a film tunnel. Attacks of the Colorado beetles did not mark. True, I had to fight with slugs, they were recommended to pour a mixture of ash and lime on the garden bed after irrigation. Iryna, Volzhsky I always grow eggplants on my plot, leaving 3 beds for them. They can be prepared as soon as they are ripe and prepared for the winter. I mostly prefer classic varieties with dark purple skin. Light eggplants do not differ much from them in taste.
Variety Alekseevsky known to many gardeners. Although it is zoned for the North Caucasus and the Lower Volga region, such eggplants can be grown in the central regions under the film shelter. Shrubs give oblong fruits up to 15 cm long and weighing about 150 g. They have excellent taste and are suitable for both saute and canning.